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Classifications of government

Classifications of government

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Classifications of government

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  1. Classifications of government

  2. Geographic Distribution of Power • Unitary – centralized government, all power held by single agency. • Federal – division of powers between central and “local” • Confederate – alliance of independent states

  3. Relationship of Legislative and Executive Presidential – separation of powers (people elect the president Parlimentary – legislative and executive branches must be the same party

  4. Number of People Who Can Participate Dictatorship (Totalitarian Regime) Direct Democracy Representative Democracy

  5. Basic Concepts of Democracy • 1. Fundamental worth of the individual • 2. Equality of all persons (opportunity, before the law) • 3. Majority Rule/Minority rights • 4. Necessity of Compromise • 5. Individual freedom

  6. Do We Have a Democracy? • Elitist theory • Pluralist theory • Majoritarian theory

  7. Additional concepts in chapter 1: • U.S. political culture and political socialization help create shared fundamental values including liberty (freedom), equality, property and order. • The changing face of America – aging and ethnic changes, family structure and education…what will the impact be on politics?

  8. Political Spectrum