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Improving Interoperability through the use of ISO 10303

Improving Interoperability through the use of ISO 10303

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Improving Interoperability through the use of ISO 10303

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  1. Improving Interoperability through the use of ISO 10303 Presented by : Ron Wood Date: August 25, 2005

  2. Authors • T. Briggs Intergraph Corp. • B. Gischner Electric Boat Corp. • T. Rando Electric Boat Corp. • J. Mays Naval Surface Warfare Center - Carderock Division • R. Wood Northrop Grumman Ship Systems

  3. Agenda • Background and History • Interoperability • Use of STEP and XML • Development of STEP for Shipbuilding • Integrate Shipbuilding Environment (ISE) Implementation Projects • Summary

  4. Background and History

  5. Need for Interoperability

  6. Inter-business system domain Shipyard B Shipyard A ERP/CAM ERP/CAM Inter- component Inter- component PDM/CAD PDM/CAD Inter-System Inter-System Parts Library Parts Library IDE IDE INTOP Levels of Interoperability

  7. Co-design Co-production * Web-based system diagrams * Web-based interop with simulation & analysis * Web-based product model sharing * Browser access to product related documents ISE Maritime Supply Chain Logistics Information Support Integrated Shipbuilding Environment * Web-based supplier catalogs * Shared parts library * Web access to as-planned & design product model Integrated Development Environment * Collaboration best practices * Shipbuilding enterprise components 7

  8. Collaboration among Shipyards is Required in Today’s Environment • Almost every major recent U.S. Navy ship design and/or construction contract has involved collaboration among multiple shipyards • For example: • CVNX (NGNN & EB) • DDX (NGSS - Ingalls & Bath) • Initial LPD Award (NGSS - Avondale & Bath) • VIRGINIA (EB & NGNN) • This trend will continue • Navy views system interoperability as enabling multiple yards to be viewed as “One Shipyard”

  9. Goals of Integration • Better analysis through simulation • Re-use of data instead of redundant data • increased accuracy • eliminates unnecessary checking • speed of data entry (already entered) • Facilitates partnering with other firms • Reduce overhead costs

  10. Overview of STEP STEP (ISO 10303 - Industrial automation systems and integration - Product data representation and exchange) • International Standard for the computer-interpretable representation and exchange of product data • The objective is to provide a mechanism that is capable of describing product data throughout the life cycle of a product, independent of any particular system • The nature of this description makes it suitable not only for neutral file exchange, but also as a basis for implementing and sharing product databases and archiving

  11. XML- Extensible Markup Language • Traditional STEP transfers have been via STEP Physical File exchange as defined by Part 21 • To take advantage of Web technology, Part 28 is under development to standardize STEP transfers using XML • ISE Project is implementing its transfers using XML as well as permitting Part 21 file exchanges

  12. XMLGoal and Mission • Goal • Use XML Schema to represent as much of EXPRESS semantics as possible so that XML Schema can be used to: • Document the information model • Provide delegated validation services • Support the XML instance formats standardized in Part 28 • Part 28 Mission • Use XML to publish STEP EXPRESS Schemas • Use XML as a STEP implementation method

  13. XML and STEP Transactions of Data Packaged in Standards XSLT - map data to another XML schema Standards Virtual Ship part(s) XML = Industry Standard Container for Data Company A Company B STEP = ISO Standard Language for Data* Data • XML (good for CAE applications) & it brings: • Accepted format/schema method • Web-enabling • STEP (good common language for CAD Product Models) & it brings: • Standards for data expression • Standards for geometric exchange

  14. Development of STEP and XML for Shipbuilding

  15. ISO Shipbuilding – Background • Effort of Shipbuilders, Regulatory Bodies, CAD Software Companies, MOD, DOD from Various countries • 1996 to 1999 US Effort under MariSTEP Project • Funded under DARPA/MARITECH • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects) • Prototyped early versions of AP215, 216, 217 and 218 • Exchanged AP218 data with European SeaSprite Project • Current U.S. effort under NSRP ASE

  16. Shipbuilding Projects Over Time NIDDESC / US 1987 - 1993 ISE 1999 - 2005 MariSTEP 1996 - 1999 CIMS / Japan 1991 - 1994 GPME / Japan 1995 - 1996 NCALS - ShipCALS/ Japan 1997 ShipSTEP / EU 1994 - 1996 ITIS / Germany 1992 - 1995 ISIT/US HARVEST 2001 - 2002 NEUTRABAS / EU 1989 - 1992 IT in Ship Operation 1994 - 1997 MARITIME / EU 1992 - 1995 SeaSprite/ EU 1996 - 1999 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

  17. MariSTEP Project1996 - 1999 First U.S. STEP Shipbuilding Implementation Project ISDP Export: MariSTEP APs 215, 216, 217, 218 GSCAD Import: MariSTEP 218 NAVSEA & NGSS - Avondale Industries ISDP (Intergraph) Import and Export: MariSTEP APs 215, 216, 217, 218 Import and Export: MariSTEP APs 215, 216, 217 Electric Boat Corporation CATIA NGSS - Ingalls Shipbuilding Cvaec Dimension III (CV / PTC / Ciarrai) STEP Northrop Grumman Newport News VIVID NASSCO TRIBON (Kockums Computer Systems) Import and Export: MariSTEP APs 215, 216, 217, 218 VIVID Export: MariSTEP APs 215, 216, 217, 218 GSCAD Import: MariSTEP APs 216, 218

  18. SeaSprite Project Exchange Scenarios Prototype European STEP Implementations 1996-1998

  19. Ship Structural Envelope (hull form, arrangements, structure) • Distribution Systems (piping, electrical, HVAC, cable trays, mechanical) • Equipment/Subsystems Ship Product Model Exchange Ship Product Model Data Exchange ISO TC 184/SC 4/WG 3 AP 233 Systems Engineering Data Representation AP 239 Product Life-cycle Support Ship Structural Envelope Distribution Systems Equipment/Subsystems Miscellaneous Finite Element Analysis ISO AP 209:2001 Piping (Plant Spatial Configuration) ISO AP 227:2001 Ship Arrangement ISO AP 215:2004 Parts Library ISO 13584 Computational Fluid Dynamics ISO AP 237 HVAC (Plant Spatial Configuration) ISO AP 227 Edition 2 Ship Moulded Forms ISO AP 216:2003 Oil and Gas ISO 15926 Cable Trays (Plant Spatial Configuration) ISO AP 227 Edition 2 Ship Structures ISO AP 218:2004 Logistics/Spares ISO AP 232:2002 Mechanical Systems (Plant Spatial Configuration) ISO AP 227 Edition 2 Automotive ISO AP 214:2001 Electrical (Electrotechnical Design & Install) ISO AP 212:2001

  20. Structural Analysis : AP209 Results and Delivery Shipbuilding Product Data in STEP Shipbuilder Parts : PLIB Structural Analysis : AP209 HVAC : AP227 ed.2 Cable harness design : AP212 Ship Arrangement : AP 215 Technical Data Package : AP232 Ship Arrangement : AP Product Configuration : AP203 System Engineering : AP233 Ship Moulded Forms : AP 216 Ship Moulded Forms : AP Ship Structures : AP 218 Ship Structures : AP Ship Machinery: AP227 ed.2 Ship Machinery: AP Process Plant Piping: AP 227 Process Plant Piping: AP System Product Definition Analysis / Simulation

  21. Ship APs Now ISO Standards • AP215, ISO TC184/SC4 10303-215 IS "Application protocol: Ship Arrangement". • available from Geneva or National Standards bodies as ISO 10303-215:2004. • AP216, TC184/SC4 10303-215 IS "Application protocol: Ship Moulded Forms”. • available from Geneva or National Standards bodies as ISO 10303-216:2003. • AP218 ISO TC184/SC4 10303-218 IS "Application protocol: Ship structures". • available from Geneva or National Standards bodies as ISO 10303-218:2004. • AP227 ISO TC184/SC4/WG3 “Plant Spatial Configuration”. AP227 • has now passed its final ballot for Edition 2 has been sent to Geneva for publication. • Includes all the information needed for the marine industries to exchange information about piping, HVAC and machinery.

  22. AP 215:2004 Ship Arrangement Loading conditions • Compartments • types • properties • (shape, • coatings, • adjacency, • access….) • Zone Boundaries • Controlling Access • Design Authority • Cargo Stowage • Machinery Compartments • Crew Occupancy • Common Purpose Spaces • Stability • intact • damaged • Cargoes • assignment to compartments • weight, • centre of gravity General Subdivision of a Ship into Spatially Bounded Regions

  23. AP 216:2003Ship Moulded Forms Surface, wireframe and offset point representations Design, Production and Operations lifecycles General characteristics Main dimensions Hullform geometry Major internal surfaces Hydrostatics Intact Stability tables

  24. Hull Cross Section • Geometric Representations • Wireframe • Complex Wireframe • Surfaces • Solids AP 218:2004 Ship Structures • Configuration Management • Class Approval • Approval Relationship • Change Administration • Promotion Status Production Design Data Product Engineering Data • Product Structure • Generic Product Structure • System • Space • Connectivity • Assembly Technical Description Weight Description • Structural Parts • Feature • Plate • Edge Content • Opening • Profile • Profile Endcut

  25. AP 227:Ed 2 Piping/HVAC/Cableway/Mechanical Distributed Systems • Connectivity • assembly • penetrations • ports Stress Analysis Configuration Management of Product Structure Versioning and Change Tracking Bill of Materials • 2-D and 3_-D Shape Representation • Diagrammatic Presentation • Solid Model Presentation • Interference Analysis Pipe/Duct Flow Analysis and Sizing

  26. AP 212:2001 Electrical Design and Installation • Data Supporting • Terminals and Interfaces • Functional Decomposition of Product • 3D Cabling and Harnesses • Cable Tracks and Mounting Instructions • Electrotechnical Systems • Buildings • Plants • Transportation Systems • Electrotechnical Plant • Plant, e.g., Automobile • Unit, e.g., Engine Control System • Subunit, e.g., Ignition System • Equipment Coverage • Power-transmission • Power-distribution • Power-generation • Electric Machinery • Electric Light and Heat • Control Systems

  27. AP209:2001Composite & Metallic Analysis & Related Design

  28. The Navy and Shipbuilders Are Using Product Model Data Technology Product Model Data = 3-D CAD + definitions + other documentation Continued investment is key indication of value

  29. Implementation of the STEP Standards

  30. ISE Background • First NSRP major systems technology project • Phase 1: Requirements definition and architecture for shipbuilding systems interoperability • March 1999 to December 1999 • Phase 2: Deployment for Structure & Piping • March 2000 to December 2003 • Phase 3: Deployment for HVAC & CPC Interfaces • October 2003 to October 2004 • Phase 4: Arrangements, Electrical, Analysis, Steel Processing • January 2005 to January 2006

  31. ISE Team Participants

  32. Collaborative Design-Build VirtualProduct &Process Digital MOCKUP 3D Design Electronic DRAWING • Enhanced Product Model • Lean Design • Rule Based Design • Internet Technologies • Remote Collaboration • Intensive Simulations • High-end Integrated Analysis • Desktop Visualization • Business Process Modeling • Integrated Design/Build Process • Sophisticated Eng.Analysis • Simulation Based Design • Data Config. Mgmt. • 3D Visualization (Polygonal) • Interactive Walkthrough • Anthropomorphic Modeling • 3D Wireframe/Solids • Rudimentary Data Mgmt • Computer-Aided Drafting Digital Ship Design Process Evolution ISE Builds tools to Support 2nd Generation IPDE First Generation Integrated Product Development Environment (IPDE) 2nd Generation IPDE

  33. ISE Project Approach • Develop and demonstrate tools that are low cost • can be selectively used by shipyards to support interoperability • capitalize on XML and related Internet technologies • Flexibility is critical • allow shipyards to transform their data to/from common information model • Drive development of shipbuilding product data standards (e.g. STEP, PLIB) • Construct a single Shipbuilding Information Model • Demonstrate and educate U.S. shipbuilding community

  34. ISE architecture represents an innovative, practical solution to the information interoperability challenge • Accessible to large and small shipyards • Only system dependency is Web infrastructure • Utilizes open standards • Innovative integration of STEP and XML technologies • Supports sharing of geometric & geometric product models • Permissive (mediation) architecture • Lets each enterprise choose its own tool set • Incorporated into CAD platforms used by U.S. shipbuilders

  35. The ISE Test ShipTWR 841 This ship is used to locate and retrieve torpedoes and missile drones. It has a maximum payload capacity of 42 long tons which includes the deck cargo plus full liquids, full complement, and normal stores. This ship was selected because it is in-service, has a complete set of drawings available for distribution, and is: Approved for Public Release: Distribution Unlimited. 35

  36. ISE-2: Moulded Forms, Structure and Pipe

  37. 1 7b 7a IntelliShip 2 3 4 ST-Viewer 6 19 15 5 8 9 16 18 13 11 10 17 12 14 Demonstration Storyboard April 10, 2003 Structural Detailed Design SafeHull Structural Functional Design FlagShip Foran CAE LEAPS CAM APP Advanced Product Portal Database Deliverables Pipe Stress Piping Functional Design Tribon Tribon SIMSMART Parts Lib Supplier Piping Detailed Design CATIA CAM (IPT) CATIA AutoCAD

  38. Send request via SOAP Web / SOAP Return Hydrostatics results via SOAP View data in Browser Convert to EDO XML AP 216 STEP translator Export Using STEP AP 216 Demo Scenario - Design & Analysis FlagShip reads data, performs hydrostatic analysis User invokes tool through command

  39. FlagShip invoked. Reads data, performs hydrostatic analysis Hydrostatics analysis results returned as XML document via SOAP Send analysis request and hull via SOAP User views results in Browser Convert format to ISE EDO XML AP 216 STEP translator Export hull using STEP AP 216 Integration of IntelliShip & FastShip Internet IntelliShip User requests hydrostatic analysis

  40. Demo Scenario: SENER-FORAN v50STRUCTURAL DETAILED DESIGN and STEP EXPORT Standards Seams & FORAN Preliminary Design Butts Internal structure, TWR ship Hull,Decks FORAN Structural Detailed Design TWR ship’s structure ready to be exported by FORAN-AP218 STEP Export translator Selective STEP Export To ABS To EB Midship Section Calculations Finite Elements Calculations Transverse Bulkheads Whole Structure

  41. ISE Process - Detail Piping Design Demonstration on April 10, 2003 CATIA V5 Tribon M2 ISE

  42. ISE Process for Feeding Analysis Programs from Structural Design Atlantec TRIBON Intergraph ISDP Intergraph IntelliShip

  43. Multiple tools Separate design & analysis environments Separate design & analysis users Analysis Tool Analyst Manually import data Analysis Results Design Data Hardcopy or document format Manually import data 1. Designer generates design for analysis 2. Analyst performs analysis 3. Designer evaluates analysis results As-Is Process Design & Analysis Different design & analysis formats Design Tool Designer Multistep, sequential process of design, analysis, evaluation of analysis on design

  44. Analysis Tool Electronically invoke analysis services Analysis Results Design Data Electronic format Electronic format 1. Designer requests analysis ISE Process Design & Analysis Interoperable tools Single virtual design & analysis environment User performs design & analysis Design & analysis results both electronic format Design Tool Designer Integrated process of design, analysis, evaluation of analysis on design

  45. Simulation and Modeling of Shipboard Piping Systems

  46. Overview – Piping Functional Design 46

  47. Additional Benefits • Validated As-Built model can be used to: • Validate the design and ensure that all requirements are met • Evaluate different design alternatives • Form a basis for creating an On Board Training System (OBTS) and schoolhouse training system • Evaluate refits and upgrades throughout the lifecycle of the vessel • Validate control system algorithms • Test the control system prior to delivery • Perform manning analyses

  48. ISE-3: HVAC

  49. ISE3 HVAC Demo (October 2004) Initial HVAC Design (ISDP) Analysis (SIMSMART) CPC CPC Detailed Design Tool 2 (CATIA) Sister Shipyard Detailed Design (FORAN) Detailed Design Tool1 (TRIBON) Analysis Order Material CPC Manufacturing Legend demonstrated discussed PartsCatalog CAD Tool

  50. Washington DC •Integrated Shipbuilding Environment HVAC Demonstration• October 2004