REMOVING BARRIERS TO EDUCATION: WHAT’S NEW AND NOTABLE Global Preparatory Meeting for the Economic and Social Council’s 2011 Annual Ministerial Review (AMR) New York, April 28, 2011 Maria do Pilar Lacerda Almeida e Silva National Basic Education Secretary Ministry of Education
MDG2 – Achieving Universal Basic Education • Basic Education in Brazil: • PreSchool (nursey and preschool) • Elementary • High School 1996 Act nº 9.394 (LDB) Mandatory Primary Education; Lasting 8 years 2005 Act nº 11.274 Mandatory Primary Education; Lasting 9 years by 2010 2009 Constitutional Amendment nº 59 Mandatory Basic Education from 4 to 17 years of age by 2016
National Education Organization • FEDERAL SYSTEM – responsible mainly for Higher Education • STATE SYSTEM – responsible mainly for secondary school (15 to 17 years), but also involved in higher education and elementary education • MUNICIPAL SYSTEM – responsible mainly for preschool (0 to 5 years) and for elementary school (6 to 14 years) Ten-Year National Education Plan 2011-2020: set goals and strategies; under discussion in National Congress
Data of Brazilian Basic Education System Enrollment * Preschool and nursey Elementary school High School ** Federal 2.454 25.005 89.875 State 76.971 10.572.496 7.163.020 Municipal 4.909.091 17.326.638 110.780 Private 1.774.115 3.778.389 973.007 Total 6.762.631 31.705.528 8.336.682 • *Educacensus – 2009 • ** High School include: High School, High School Integrated, High School Normal / Teaching • *** Youth and Adult Education: 4,6 mi registrations / Education and Vocational and Technological Education: 860.000 / Special Education: 253.000 / Higher Education: 5,8 milion
Education Development Plan - PDE The PDE is a set of 40 strategic actions of the Ministry of Education, aiming to improve the quality of education, reduce inequalities and recognition of capabilities.
PDE – Target Plan Education for All Commitment Establishes 28 guidelines for improving basic education; Sets indicators (IDEB) and performance targets for each public system of schools and for each public school; Formal pact among Union, states and municipalities around the guidelines and targets – 26 states, a Federal District and 5564 municipalities; Engaging civil society and multilateral agencies on educational policies (UNICEF Seal is an example of this mobilization!).
PDE – Articulated Action Plan (PAR) • A new way of relationship between the Union and states and municipalities. • After joining the Target Plan, municipalities and states must: • a) Conduct comprehensive diagnosis of the local school situation, using PAR methodology; • b) Prepare its Articulated Action Plan (PAR), considering programs and actions of local initiative and of the Union. • The Ministry of Education implements the programs according to the demand of states and municipalities planning, with priority to municipalities with low levels of performance (IDEB).
PDE – Main Actions (universal programs) • Fund for the Development of Basic Education (FUNDEB) • Teacher appreciation: National minimum wage and initial and continuing professional training • Educational Census: schools, classrooms, teachers and students • Student Support Programs (PNLD, PNLEM, PNBE, PNAE, PNATE, PDDE,...) • Institutional Evaluation: IDEB, Saeb, Brazil Evaluation, and Brazil Evaluation for children under the age of eight.
PDE - Main Actions – (Priority given according to PAR and IDEB Index) • School Development Plan (PDE-School) • School of Management: directors and educational coordinators • Full-time school – “More Education” • PROINFO / Broadband in School/ One Computer per Student • Multifunction rooms resources (inclusion of people with disabilities) • Training for Municipal councillors and school councillors • Programme for the early childhood
PDE - Basic Education Development Index (IDEB) The IDEB is composed of indicators of student flow (success and school failure) and the average performance in national assessments (Basic Education Evaluation System and Brazil Test) Brazil, first years of primary education Brazil, last years of primary education Brazil, High School *Ideb calculated considering all school nets
IDEB – First Years of Primary Education (Public Sector) highlighting UNICEF Seal municipalities 2005 e 2007 IDEB – BRASIL* (http://sistemasideb.inep.gov.br/resultado/) Anos Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental - Rede Pública Brasil 2005 Brasil 2007 Brasil 2009 *Ideb calculado considerando todas as redes de ensino.
Basic Education - Challenges School Attendance - 2009 Age 0 – 3 years 4 – 5 years 6 -14 years 15 -17 years Rate (%) 18,4 74,8 97,6 85,2 Age-grade Distortion - 2009 Level Primary Education High School Rate (%) 23,3 34,4 • Ensure secure conditions for enrollment from ages 4 to 17 years until 2016. • Strengthen public schools by participative and democratic management; inclusion of students with disabilities; capacity building; and taking into account student’s social, economic and cultural diversity. • Consolidate the identity and the curriculum organization of each educational stage also ensure learning and human development in individual and social perspective.
IDEB: Basic Education Development Index PDDE: Funding for Schools PNAE: Food in School Program PNATE: National School Transport Program PNBE: Library in School National Program PNLA: National Textbook Program for the Youth and Adult Literacy PNLD: National Textbook Program PNLEM: National Textbook Program for High School SAEB: Basic Education Evaluation System GLOSSARY