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Deer Tolerant Plants for Georgia

Deer Tolerant Plants for Georgia

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Deer Tolerant Plants for Georgia

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  1. Deer Tolerant Plants for Georgia Tripp Williams Columbia County Agricultural Agent

  2. Site Analysis • Before pen goes to paper • Before the first plant goes in the ground • Before you begin managing the site A Critical Step in Landscape Development

  3. 80% of plant problems result from the inability of the plant to tolerate or adapt to the local environment

  4. Change the Site to Fit the Intended Plants • Introduce shade for shade-loving plants • Thin out existing vegetation to accommodate sun-loving plants • Add topsoil or compost to improve soil structure • Change the grade to influence drainage • Install drainage pipe to carry water off the site

  5. Analyze the Structure and Texture of the Soil

  6. Lagerstroemia indica (Crape myrtle) Crape myrtle is an upright deciduous tree or large shrub. Dark green leaves emerge bronze. White, pink, red, or purple flowers appear from summer to autumn. Peeling gray-and-brown bark is attractive. Noteworthy characteristics: Hybrids of L. indica vary greatly in size, habit, hardiness, and resistance to powdery mildew. Care: Thrives in moderately fertile, well-drained soil. Grow against a warm, sunny wall where marginally hardy or overwinter in a greenhouse. Can be hard pruned if renovation is required. Problems: Dieback, powdery mildew, aphids, scale insects, mealybugs, and whiteflies.

  7. Carolina Silverbell/Halesiatetraptera Characteristics: Carolina Silverbell is a deciduous tree with medium-coarse texture and a medium growth rate. It has an upright-oval to broad-rounded form. Subtly, but not explosively showy, its best ornamental features are the clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers borne from April to early May. Bark is shallowly ridged with white streaks. Fruit are four-winged capsules approximately 1½ inches long. Fall color is yellow to yellow-green. Landscape Uses: Use Carolina Silverbell as a flowering or specimen tree. It prefers rich, moist, well-drained, acidic soil and sun to partial shade. Although it naturally occurs as an understory tree, it has shown good drought tolerance in full sun. It seems to transplant well. Size: 30 to 40 feet tall with a spread of 20 to 35 feet Habitat: Wooded hillsides and along stream banks. It is occasionally found along waterways in the upper Coastal Plain.

  8. Loblolly Bay /Gordonialasianthus Characteristics: Loblolly Bay is an evergreen tree with medium texture and a medium growth rate, having a narrow, pyramidal to oval shape. Leaves are smooth, dark green and have blunt appressed teeth. Summer flowers are white, 2½ inches in diameter and fragrant. Fruit are woody capsules. Landscape Uses: Use Loblolly Bay as a screening or specimen flowering tree. It prefers moist, fertile, well-drained soil, and sun to light shade. Size: 30 to 40 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide Habitat: Bays, low hammocks, acidic, peaty soils in and around pocosins. Also found on sand hills in association with various hardwoods and conifers.

  9. Magnolia × soulangeana (Saucer magnolia) Care: Grow in moist, well-drained, preferably acidic to neutral soil in sun or partial shade; magnolias do not tolerate wet feet. Magnolia flowerbuds are susceptible to late-season frosts; shelter large-leaved species from windy locations. Prune shrubs in late winter or late summer to prevent bleeding of sap; prune minimally to maintain a healthy framework. Propagation: Sow seeds in autumn or stratify to hasten germination. Root softwood cuttings in early summer. Magnolias can be layered in early spring, grafted in winter, and propagated by bud in summer.Problems: Bacterial leaf spot, spot anthracnose, canker, dieback, butt rot, powdery mildew, anthracnose, fungal spots, weevils, snails, scale insects, thrips, planthoppers.

  10. Feijoasellowiana (Pineapple Guava) Habit: Compact and Erect or Spreading Has Evergreen foliage. Shape: Rounded Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade WaterNeeds: Moist to Dry Soil. Drought tolerant. SoilType: Clay, Loam or Sand SoilpH: Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Height: 20 feet GrowthRate: 24 Inches per Season Leaves: Oval Glossy Medium Green. Evergreen. Flowers: Showy, Fragrant, Purple, Red or White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). Fruit: Gray or Mostly Green Berry, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter. Edible.

  11. Micheliafigo (BANANA SHRUB) Habit: Erect or Spreading.Has Evergreen foliage. Shape: Oval Exposure: Partial Shade WaterNeeds: Moist Soil SoilType: Clay, Loam or Sand SoilpH: Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Height: 20 feet GrowthRate: 12 Inches per Season Longevity: 50 to 150 years Leaves: Ovate Glossy Medium Green. Evergreen. Flowers: Showy, Fragrant, Cream, Maroon or Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). Fruit: Brown Capsule, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.

  12. Osmanthusfragrans (SWEET OLIVE) Habit: Compact and Erect or Spreading Has Evergreen foliage. Shape: Oval Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade Water Needs: Moist to Dry Soil. Drought tolerant. SoilType: Clay, Loam or Sand SoilpH: Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Height: 20 feet GrowthRate: 24 Inches per Season Longevity: 50 to 150 years Leaves: Elliptic to Oblong Glossy Medium Green. Evergreen. Flowers: Showy, Fragrant, . Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). Fruit: Black or Mostly Blue Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), , fruiting in Fall.

  13. Nerium oleander (OLEANDER) Habit: Compact and Erect or Spreading Has Evergreen foliage. Shape: Oval or Rounded Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade WaterNeeds: Moist to Dry Soil. Drought tolerant. SoilType: Clay, Loam or Sand SoilpH: Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Height: 20 feet GrowthRate: 24 to 36 Inches per Season Longevity: 50 to 150 years Leaves: Lanceolate Dark Green. Evergreen. Flowers: Showy, Fragrant, Pink, Red, Rose, White or Yellow. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower). Fruit: Brown or Mostly Green Follicle, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall. Wildlife use it.

  14. http://www.caes.uga.edu/publications/ Questions?