Do NowTitle: Shades of Meaning and Multiple Meaning Words • Please take out a sheet of paper and label it like the following: • Title: Quiz: R1.2 Figurative Language • Name, Date, English, Period
Today’s Agenda!! • Shades of Meaning • Multiple Meaning Words • Practice!!
Words with multiple meanings are words that have several meanings depending upon how they are used in a sentence. We use CONTEXT CLUES to help us figure out which meaning is correct.
Some Examples For Your Notes • pet • I have a golden retriever for a pet • Sarah and Jenny like to pet dogs • cut • Bill has a cut on his finger • Tom will cut out the pictures • color • Green is my favorite color • Tony will color in his coloring book
Some Examples For Your Notes One word can have many meanings, so you must read carefully and use CONTEXT CLUES to figure out what the word means. Let’s try some practice. You are going to read the sentence, and identify the meaning of the underlined word. Then, choose the sentence that uses that word in the SAME way.
1. Mary likes to come to my house and play with me.A. He starred in our class play.B. I like to play checkers.C. My favorite play is "My Fair Lady." The correct answer is B.
2. The peas were in a can.A. I can do it by myself.B. Can you help me do the dishes?C. Mom gave me a can of peanuts for the party. The correct answer is C.
3. The sign said do not enter.A. Please sign your name on the paper.B. Can you sign the word cat?C. I read the sign on the wall. The correct answer is C.
4. I have a new watch.A. Did you watch me jump rope?B. My watch is lost.C. I don't watch many television shows! The correct answer is B.
5. I always receive good marks in school.A. The marks on my report card were great!B. My fingers left marks on the glass.C. I have marks on my clothes where the milk spilled on them. The correct answer is A.
Moving on to: Shades of Meaning • Can someone remind me from your notes what words with “shades of meaning” mean? • Exactly: Shades of meaning describe words that have slightly different meanings. • Let’s take a closer look…
THE BIG IDEA • Shades of Meaning is a phrase used to describe the small, subtle differences in meaning between similar words or phrases. • For example, ‘mad’ and ‘angry’. Both refer to a feeling or showing of anger, but one seems to be more so than the other.
Which one would you say is…? The kid MAD The youth ANGRY
THE BIG IDEA cont’d.-copy in your notes • Connotation is the attitudes and feelings associated with a word. These associations can be negative or positive, and have an important influence on style and meaning. • Denotation is the literal or dictionary definition of a word. Denotation contrasts with connotation.
Write the following sentences in your notebook! Take a minute and write two sentences using the following words: -old and ancient -try and struggle OR -chat and discuss When you are finished, share your sentences with a partner. Identify what the words denote and what they connote.
THE BIG IDEA cont’d. • You are learning to understand the similarity and difference between words that have similar meanings • You are also learning to explain those similarities and differences. • The differences may be in • the negative or positive meanings of the words or • the intensity, or degree, of the meanings • The similarities will be in the basic definition of the word
HERE’S HOW TO DO IT-for questions on the Benchmark: • Read the sentence. • Use context clues to determine the denotation, basic meaning, of the word being used in the sentence. • Determine the answer to the question by: • Circling the words in the sentence that help explain the meaning of the word
"I think the start of your assignment is right here on Catalpa Street.“ Which of these means nearly the same as assignment? • task • voyage • contest • operation
2. “His playing was effortless, and the sounds were as smooth as Mark said they would be, as smooth as silk.”Which image or connotation does the use of smooth in these lines give the reader? • something flat and dull • something soft and shiny • something light and loose • something clear and refined
3. "Sometimes the sticks got lost during a race, and people have found them many years later." Which of the following has the same relationship as the underlined words? • destroy and ruin • defeat and unravel • vanish and recover • confuse and bewilder
What To Remember: • Words with multiple meanings and words with shades of meaning both require that you carefully read the sentences and look for context clues • Try to understand what the sentence is trying to say • If you use this strategy you will be able to answer the questions correctly!
Homework!! • Study for Unit 8 Test • Final Draft due Monday