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The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies

The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies

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The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies

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  1. The Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies http://images-eu.amazon.com/images/P/0393317552.03.LZZZZZZZ.jpg

  2. Food Production:The Biggest Mistake??? • Food production = Hard Work! • It often led to: • poorer health • shorter lifespan • harder labor for the majority of people

  3. Paleolithic Era • 2 million BCE – about 10,000 BCE • “Old Stone Age” – first use of stone tools until agriculture

  4. Life of Paleolithic Humans

  5. The NeolithicRevolution What is this? Where did it happen? When did it happen? WHY did it happen?

  6. What? Neolithic Era • “Agricultural Revolution” = domestication of plants & animals • Village Life • Still stone tools

  7. Where?Fertile Crescent Tigris and Euphrates Rivers • End of Last Ice Age • Warming Climate • Wild grasses abundant • Wild Grasses closest to domesticated varieties

  8. How did Agriculture Develop? • Availability of calories determines how people get food • End of ice age  Plants thriving • Humans began “helping” plants along and selecting for traits, to increase calories gathered • Certain plants were abundant and provided many calories=Humans actively chose these • Wheat

  9. Where & When?

  10. What else is needed for a Neolithic Revolution? • Animal Domestication – what is it? • An animal will breed where and when we want it to and often. It will come to us for food. It is not aggressive. • Examples?

  11. Important Domesticated Animals • Horse • Cow • Pig • Sheep • Goat • Chicken • Ox • Indian Elephant • All from Eurasia

  12. What was in the Americas?Only the guinea pig, turkey, and…llamasong.flv

  13. So What? What does the Neolithic Revolution allow?: • A sedentary lifestyle • The need for cooperation and group effort • Job specialization • Social Hierarchies (Social classes) • Patriarchy (Rule by males) • Population Growth

  14. Results for Agricultural Society • Now that you have possessions, what do you have to do? • Kings- to direct • Militaries – to protect • Priests – to protect and record (BUREAUCRATS) • Scribes and writing – to protect and keep accounts • Artisans- make storage vessels (pottery)

  15. Animals + agricultural package = • Military & organizational superiority

  16. Did Everyone Switch? • No. Why not?

  17. River Valley Civilizations:Called that for a reason!

  18. Eurasian Steppe (grasslands)

  19. African Savannah

  20. Inuit Lands