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Using Therapeutic Modalities To Affect The Healing Process

Using Therapeutic Modalities To Affect The Healing Process . Inflammatory- Response Phase Fibroblastic-Repair Phase Maturation-Remodeling Phase. Phases of the Healing Process. Inflammatory-Response Phase. Healing Process Is A Continuum.

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Using Therapeutic Modalities To Affect The Healing Process

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  1. Using Therapeutic Modalities To Affect The Healing Process

  2. Inflammatory- Response Phase Fibroblastic-Repair Phase Maturation-Remodeling Phase Phases of the Healing Process

  3. Inflammatory-Response Phase Healing Process Is A Continuum Injury Day 4 Week 6 2-3 Years

  4. Inflammatory-Response Phase Fibroblastic-Repair Phase Healing Process Is A Continuum Injury Day 4 Week 6 2-3 Years

  5. Inflammatory-Response Phase Fibroblastic-Repair Phase Maturation-Remodeling Phase Healing Process Is A Continuum Injury Day 4 Week 6 2-3 Years

  6. Symptoms Include Swelling, Pain, Warmth, and Crepitus Direct Destruction Of Soft Tissue Cells Vascular Reaction Cellular Reaction Inflammatory-Response Phase

  7. Injury Immediate Vasoconstriction Of Vascular Walls Vasodilation With Hyperemia Stagnation and Stasis (Initial Effusion of Blood and Plasma Lasts 24-36 Hours) Vascular Reaction

  8. Injury Vessels Endothelium Disrupted Platelets Adhere To Exposed Collagen Sticky Matrix For Platelets and Leukocytes Formation of A Plug Obstructs Local Lymphatic Drainage Localizes Injury Response Immediate Vascular Reaction

  9. Histamine Vasodilation & Cell Permeability Leucotaxin Margination (Leukocytes Line Cell Wall) & Cell Permeability Forming Exudate Necrosin Turns On Phagocytes Cellular ReactionChemical Mediators Released From Cell

  10. Clot FormationDamaged Cell Thromboplastin Prothrombin Thrombin Fibrinogen Fibrin ClotCompleted Within 48 Hours

  11. Injured Area Is Walled-Off Leukocytes Phagocytize Foreign Debris Sets Stage For Fibroblastic-Repair Phase Lasts 2-4 Days After Initial Injury Inflammatory-Response Phase

  12. Occurs When Acute Response Does Not Eliminate Injuring Agent Leukocytes Replaced By Macrophages, Lymphocytes, and Plasma Cells Specific Mechanism Which Causes Conversion Is Unknown Overuse or Overload With Cumulative Repetitive Microtrauma Chronic Inflammation

  13. Fibroblastic-Repair Phase

  14. Proliferative, Regenerative Activity Which Leads To A Period Of Scar Formation (Fibroplasia) And Repair Of Injured Tissue Fibroblastic-Repair Phase

  15. Begins Within The First Few Hours Following Injury Signs Of Inflammation Subside Pain and Tenderness To Touch May Last 4-6 Weeks Fibroplasia

  16. Vascular Reaction Growth of Endothelial Capillary Buds Into the Area (Stimulated By Lack of Oxygen) Increased Blood Flow Increased delivery of Essential Nutrients for Tissue Regeneration

  17. Cellular Reaction Breakdown of Fibrin Clot Formation of Granulation Tissue (Fibroblasts,Collagen,Capillaries) Fibroblasts Accumulate Along Capillary Beds Synthesizes Extracellular Matrix (Collagen,Elastin,Ground Substance)

  18. Fibroblasts Begin Producing Collagen Which Is Deposited Randomly Throughout the Scar Tensile Strength Increases Proportionally To Collagen Synthesis By Day 6 or 7

  19. Formation of Minimal Scar Increase in Tensile Strength and a Decrease in the Number of Fibroblasts Signals the Beginning of the Maturation-Remodeling Phase Normal Sequence

  20. Persistent Inflammatory Response Causes Extended Fibroplasia and Fibrogenesis Abnormal Response

  21. Realignment of Collagen Fibers Along Lines of Tensile Force Ongoing Breakdown/Synthesis of Collagen Increase in Tensile Strength of Scar Matrix At 3-weeks a Contracted, Non-vascular Scar Exists May Require Several Years To Complete Maturation-Remodeling Phase

  22. Role of Controlled Mobility Wolff’s Law - Bone and Soft Tissue Will Respond to the Physical Demands Placed on Them Causing Them to Remodel Along Lines of Tensile Force

  23. You Must Expose Injured Structures To Increasing Loads During The Maturation -Remodeling Phase

  24. Decreases Scar Formation Increases Revascularization Facilitates Muscle Regeneration Reorientation of Muscle and Ligament Fibers Controlled Mobilization Superior To Immobilization

  25. Immobilization During the Inflammatory-Response Phase Will Facilitate Healing By Controlling Inflammation

  26. Use Aggressive Active ROM Exercises Use Pain and Increased Swelling as Guides Progression Criteria

  27. Extent of Injury Edema Hemorrhage Poor Vascular Supply Separation of Tissue Muscle Spasm Atrophy Corticosteroids Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars Infection Humidity, Climate Age, Health, Nutrition Factors That Impede Healing

  28. Using Specific Modalities During Different Phases of Healing

  29. Immediate First Aid Management of Injury

  30. Controlling Edema Modulating Pain Facilitating Healing Minimize the Early Effects of Excessive Inflammation By:

  31. Initially Everything You Do Should Be Directed Toward Limiting The Amount Of Swelling

  32. If You Limit The Amount Of Swelling Initially You Will Significantly Decrease The Time Required For Rehabilitation

  33. Protection Restricted Activity Ice Compression Elevation Immediate First Aid

  34. Protect From Additional Injury By Applying Appropriate Splints, Pads, Braces, or Other Immobilization Devices Protection

  35. Allow the Inflammatory-Response Phase to Do What It Is Supposed To Without Interfering Rest Does Not Mean Do Nothing! Restricted Activity(Rest)

  36. Decreases metabolism To Control Secondary Hypoxic Injury Analgesia Possibly Cause Vasoconstriction Use for 20 Minutes - 1 Hour Use Ice Bags, Ice Packs, Cryocuff Ice

  37. Mechanically Reduces Space For Swelling To Accumulate Use An Elastic Wrap and Compression Dressing For At Least 72 Hours Use Intermittent Compression, Cryocuff, Elastic Wraps Compression

  38. Reduces Pooling of Blood in the Extremities Facilitates Venous and Lymphatic Drainage Elevation

  39. Cold Can Be Used For Analgesia Electrical Stimulating Currents May Also Be Used Low-Power LASER Has Been Recommended For Pain Modulation Modulating Pain

  40. Low Intensity Ultrasound Can Be Effective In Facilitating The Healing Proces and Can Be Used Safely Immediately Following Injury Facilitating Healing

  41. As with First Aid Management, modalities should be used to control pain and reduce swelling Cryotherapy should still be used to reduce likelihood of swelling Ice bags, cold packs, or ice massages provide analgesic effects Heating an injury too soon is a bigger mistake than using ice on an injury for too long Inflammatory-Response Phase

  42. Intermittent compression can decrease swelling by facilitating resorption of the by-products of inflammatory process by lymphatic system Electrical stimulating currents and low-power laser can be used to help reduce pain Incorporate active and passive ROM exercise Inflammatory-Response Phase

  43. Treatments may change from cold to heat Thermotherapy techniques may include hydrocollator packs, paraffin, warm whirlpool to increase circulation to the injured area to promote healing Heat modalities can also produce some degree of analgesia. Fibroblastic-Repair Phase

  44. Intermittent compression can facilitate removal of injury by-products Electrical stimulating currents assist process by eliciting a muscle contraction inducing a muscle pumping action Electrical currents can be used for modulation of pain, as can stimulation of trigger points with low-powered laser Fibroblastic-Repair Phase

  45. Continue to stress importance of ROM and strengthening exercises and progress them appropriately during this phase Fibroblastic-Repair Phase

  46. Heating modalities are beneficial to healing Deep-heating modalities, ultrasound, shortwave and microwave diathermy used to increase circulation to deeper tissues Superficial heating modalities are less effective Maturation-Remodeling Phase

  47. Electrical stimulating currents used both in pain modulation and to stimulate muscle contractions for increasing both ROM and strength Low-power laser used to modulate pain Role of controlled mobility Maturation-Remodeling Phase

  48. Assist the Natural Healing Processes of the Body While Doing No Harm Goal For Using Therapeutic Modalities

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