The Most Significant Canadian of the Post War Era The Most Significant Canadian of the Post War Era Who Are You Going To Choose?
The Task at Hand • You will be putting together either a presentation or a display board arguing why the figure you have chosen has had the greatest impact on the last 70 years of Canadian history. • You will be expected to write a brief biography on your figure, list their accomplishments, state interesting facts and explain how this makes them important to Canadian History. • This project is designed to test your historical inquiry and application skills but it also opens the door for creativity and fun. • A level four project will take this information and apply in either a presentation or visual display that actively engages the class and teacher. • Get ready to learn about the contribution of a great Canadian or Canadians and to have fun with it.
Your Instructions • Today in class we will be reviewing our options for the final summative. • Your job today is to pay attention to the presentation and pick your top five choices that you would like to do for the summative and rank them on a piece of paper that you will be handing in to me. • Remember that only one person can do each figure from Canadian history and that only three figures can be chosen from each category.
Words To The Wise • Remember that your job is to make an argument either through a presentation or through a display board arguing that this figure has had the greatest impact on Canada. • Choose wisely, don’t necessarily pick your favourite person – pick someone that will give you enough information and background to ace this project.
CANADIAN PERFORMERS CANADIAN PERFORMERS
ANNE MURRAY BORN: June 20, 1945 HOMETOWN: Springhill, Nova Scotia PROFESSION: Country and Pop Singer WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She is the first female singer to cross over and have a number one hit in the United States. She has won multiple music industry awards.
BUFFY STE MARIE BORN: February 20, 1941 HOMETOWN: Qu’Appelle Valley, Saskatchewan PROFESSION: Singer, Songwriter, Social Activist, Educator and Painter WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: Besides being an award winning musician, she has spoken out on Aboriginal Persons issues and has been an outspoken pacifist.
RUSH FOUNDED: August 1968 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Band known for playing hard rock, progressive rock and heavy metal. WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: They have has a strong influence on bands that came after them. They have crossed over into the United States. They are recently inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
CHRISTOPHER PLUMMER BORN: December 13, 1921 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Actor WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is an Oscar winning actor who performs regularly in Canada, The United States and Great Britain. His most famous role is Captain von Trapp in The Sound of Music
OSCAR PETERSON BORN: August 15, 1921 DIED: December 23, 2007 HOMETOWN: Montreal, Quebec PROFESSION: Jazz Pianist, Composer and Singer WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is widely thought to be the greatest piano player of all time
CANADIAN AUTHORS AND ARTISTS CANADIAN AUTHORS AND ARTISTS
MARGARET ATWOOD BORN: November 18, 1939 HOMETOWN: Ottawa, Ontario PROFESSION: Author and Poet WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She is an award winning author who has had best selling books in Canada and the United States. She is also known for her humanitarian work and environmental causes.
PIERRE BERTON BORN: July 12, 1920 DIED: November 30, 2004 HOMETOWN: Whitehorse, Yukon PROFESSION: Author and Journalist WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was a noted Canadian author of non-fiction, especially Canadiana and Canadian history, and was a well-known television personality and journalist.
ROBERT MUNSCH BORN: June 11, 1945 HOMETOWN: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Guelph, Ontario) PROFESSION: Children’s Book Writer WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is one of the best selling children’s authors of all time and his work is known throughout the world
ROBERT BATEMAN BORN: May 24, 1930 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Painter WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is an artist and educator who has produced a lot of work portraying Canadian wildlife.
LEONARD COHEN BORN: September 21, 1934 HOMETOWN: Montreal, Quebec PROFESSION: Musician, Poet and Novelist WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He has been successful as both a musician and an author receiving several honours for his work.
CANADIAN PRIME MINISTERS CANADIAN PRIME MINISTERS
JOHN DIEFENBAKER BORN: September 18, 1895 DIED: August 16, 1979 HOMETOWN: Neustadt, Ontario WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was responsible for the Canadian Bill of Rights that was the predecessor to The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
LESTER B. PEASON BORN: April 23, 1897 DIED: December 27, 1972 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was instrumental in establishing the Canadian Peace Keeper Force and won a Nobel Prize for his efforts. He also established major social programs, including universal health care, the Canada Pension Plan and Canada Student Loans, and established a new national flag.
PIERRE ELLIOTT TRUDEAU BORN: October 18, 1919 DIED: September 28, 2000 HOMETOWN: Montreal, Quebec WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was the Prime Minister during the FLQ Crisis and the second ever to use the Wartime Measures Act. He brought the constitution to Canada and established the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
BRIAN MULRONEY BORN: March 20, 1939 HOMETOWN: Baie-Comeau, Quebec WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He established the Free Trade Agreement with United States and Mexico. Through The Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords he tried to get Quebec to sign on to the Constitution. He established the GST.
KIM CAMPBELL BORN: March 10, 1947 HOMETOWN: Port Albemi, British Columbia WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She was the first female prime minister of Canada although she only served for a few months. As Justice Minister she passed legislation that advanced women’s rights specifically related to abuse and rape.
CANADIAN POLITICIANS CANADIAN POLITICIANS
RENE LEVESQUE BORN: August 24, 1922 DIED: November 1, 1987 HOMETOWN: Cambellton, New Brunswick PROFESSION: Journalist and Premier of Quebec WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was one of the founders of the Parti Quebecois and the Quebec Separatist Movement.
TOMMY DOUGLAS BORN: October 20, 1904 DIED: February 24, 1986 HOMETOWN: Falkirk, Scotland (Ottawa, Ontario) PROFESSION: Baptist Minister and Politician WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He helped found the New Democratic Party. He also pushed the government to establish social programs like Medicare.
JEANNE SAUVE BORN: April 26, 1922 DIED: January 26, 1939 HOMETOWN: Prud’homme, Saskatchewan PROFESSION: Governor General of Canada WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She was the first female Governor General of Canada. She also served as an MP and a Member of the Cabinet.
CHARLES VINCENT MASSEY BORN: February 20, 1887 DIED: December 30, 1967 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Governor General of Canada WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was the first Canadian born Governor General of Canada.
LINCOLN ALEXANDER BORN: January 21, 1922 DIED: October 19, 2012 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Lawyer and Politician WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He served as an MP, Cabinet Minister, and Lieutenant Governor of Ontario. He was Canada’s first Black Member of Parliament.
CANADIAN ENTREPENEURS CANADIAN ENTREPENEURS
TOM PATTERSON BORN: June 11. 1920 DIED: February 23, 2005 HOMETOWN: Stratford, Ontario PROFESSION: Journalist and Theatre Producer WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He founded the Stratford Festival Theatre which is one of the biggest and well-known theatre companies in North America.
DIANE DUPUY BORN: 1948 HOMETOWN: Vancouver, British Columbia PROFESSION: Theatre Producer and Motivational Speaker WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She started a black light theatre company called Famous People Players where she works with people with intellectual disabilities teaching them to perform and work and live independently.
JOSEPH-ARMAND BOMBARDIER BORN: April 16, 1907 DIED: February 18, 1964 HOMETOWN: Valcourt, Quebec PROFESSION: Inventor and Entrepeneur WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He invented the snowmobile and the technology that led to the snow plow.
JACQUES PLANTE BORN: January 17, 1929 DIED: February 27, 1986 HOMETOWN: Notre Dame-du-Mont-Carmel, Quebec PROFESSION: NHL Goaltender and Inventor WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He created the goalie mask that led to face protection for hockey players.
JAMES C. FLOYD BORN: October 20, 1914 HOMETOWN: Manchester, England (Toronto, Ontario) PROFESSION: Aerospace Engineer WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was the chief architect on the Avro Arrow which at the time was the most advanced aircraft.
CANADIAN HOCKEY STARS CANADIAN HOCKEY STARS
WAYNE GRETZKY BORN: January 26, 1961 HOMETOWN: Brantford Ontario PROFESSION: Former Player and Hockey Executive WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is generally regarded as the best player to ever play the game. As the manager of The Canadian Olympic team, he helped both the men`s and women`s programs achieve gold.
HAILEY WICKENHEISER BORN: August 13, 1978 HOMETOWN: Shaunavon, Saskatchewan PROFESSION: Hockey Player WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She is thought to be the best female hockey player ever. She has led the Canadian team to three consecutive gold medals at the Olympic Games.
MAURICE RICHARD BORN: August 4, 1921 DIED: May 27, 2000 HOMETOWN: Montreal, Quebec PROFESSION: Hockey Player WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was the first hockey player to achieve the feat of 50 goals in 50 games. He became a symbol of the Quebec separatist movement after being unfairly suspended from the NHL.
GORDIE HOWE BORN: March 21, 1928 HOMETOWN: Floral, Saskatchewan PROFESSION: Hockey Player WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is known as ``Mr. Hockey`` and is generally thought to be one of the greatest hockey players of all time.
FATHER DAVID BAUER BORN: November 2, 1924 DIED: November 9, 1988 HOMETOWN: Waterloo, Ontario PROFESSION: Hockey Player and Builder and Catholic Priest WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He was involved in building the Canadian Hockey Program at both the Olympics and World Championships.
CANADIAN ATHLETES CANADIAN ATHLETES
CATRIONA LE MAY DOAN BORN: December 23, 1970 HOMETOWN: Saskatoon, Saskatchewan PROFESSION: Olympic Speed Skater WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: As a speed skater she set several world records. She was also the first to successfully defend her gold medal.
ALEXANDRE BILODEAU BORN: September 8, 1987 HOMETOWN: Montreal, Quebec PROFESSION: Freestyle Skier WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is the first Canadian to win a Gold Medal in the Olympic Games on Canadian soil.
SILKEN LAUMANN BORN: November 14, 1964 HOMETOWN: Toronto, Ontario PROFESSION: Former Rower and Motivational Speaker WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She overcame a devastating injury to compete in her last Olympic Games. She was a championship rower.
CLARA HUGHES BORN: September 27, 1972 HOMETOWN: Winnipeg, Manitoba PROFESSION: Speed Skater and Road and Track Cycling WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: She is the first Canadian athlete to win medals in both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games including a gold medal.
STEVE NASH BORN: February 7, 1974 HOMETOWN: Johannesburg, South Africa PROFESSION: NBA Basketball Player WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He is an award winning professional basketball player. He is also involved in charity work.
CANADIAN HUMANITARIANS CANADIAN HUMANITARIANS
RICK HANSEN BORN: August 26, 1957 HOMETOWN: Port Alberni, British Columbia PROFESSION: Paralympic Athlete and Activist WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He created the `Man in Motion` marathon and was a champion Paralympic Athlete.
CRAIG KIELBURGER BORN: December 17, 1982 HOMETOWN: Thornhill, Ontario PROFESSION: Social Activist WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He founded Free The Children to help children in third world countries overcome child labour. He also helped found We Day.
DAVID SUZUKI BORN: March 24, 1936 HOMETOWN: Vancouver, British Columbia PROFESSION: Broadcaster and Environmental Activist WHY THEY ARE IMPORTANT: He ran a show for decades on the CBC called The Nature of Things.He is very vocal about bringing environmental issues to the forefront in government policy.