Texas Filibusters Chapter 8.1
Americans Move West • After the U.S. gained independence from Great Britain in 1783, Anglo Americans began expanding to the West into Spanish territory.
Spain Controls Immigration • Spain tried to control the huge amount of Anglo Americans moving West by allowing them to settle in Missouri on 2 conditions: • Pledge loyalty to Spain • Become Catholic
Filibusters • Filibusters, like Philip Nolan, disagreed with Spain’s terms & aimed to free Texas from Spanish rule. • Nolan moved to Texas to steal Spanish horses & sell them to the U.S.
Gutierrez-Magee Expedition • Jose Bernardo Gutierrez (follower of Father Hidalgo) and Augustus Magee (former US soldier) organized the Republic of the North and proclaimed Texas independent of Spain.
Gutierrez-Magee Expedition • Although their army of Tejanos, Natives & Anglo Americans were defeated, others were inspired to free Texas and Mexico from Spanish rule.
Round Robin • Who has inspired you to do something you never thought you could do? • What did that person inspire you to do?
Galveston Pirates • Jean Lafitte and other pirates set up headquarters on Galveston Island to attack Spanish ships& steal their goods.
Adams-Onis Treaty • In 1817, U.S. President Andrew Jackson chased Natives into Spanish Florida, which angered Spain. • To resolve the issue, Spain ceded Florida to the U.S. in the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819.
Adams-Onis Treaty • The Sabine River was set up as the new boundary between Spanish Texas & Louisiana. • In return, the U.S. would not expand to the West of this boundary.
Colonists Get Angry • U.S. Colonists were angry because they could no longer expand to the West. • Filibusters decided to take parts of Texas away from Spain on their own.
Long Expedition • Dr. James Long led a group from Mississippi to Nacogdoches where he declared Texas independent from Spain. • He was captured & killed by the Spanish & became the last Texas filibuster.