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Texas Filibusters

Texas Filibusters

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Texas Filibusters

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  1. Texas Filibusters Chapter 8.1

  2. Americans Move West • After the U.S. gained independence from Great Britain in 1783, Anglo Americans began expanding to the West into Spanish territory.

  3. Spain Controls Immigration • Spain tried to control the huge amount of Anglo Americans moving West by allowing them to settle in Missouri on 2 conditions: • Pledge loyalty to Spain • Become Catholic

  4. Filibusters • Filibusters, like Philip Nolan, disagreed with Spain’s terms & aimed to free Texas from Spanish rule. • Nolan moved to Texas to steal Spanish horses & sell them to the U.S.

  5. Gutierrez-Magee Expedition • Jose Bernardo Gutierrez (follower of Father Hidalgo) and Augustus Magee (former US soldier) organized the Republic of the North and proclaimed Texas independent of Spain.

  6. Gutierrez-Magee Expedition • Although their army of Tejanos, Natives & Anglo Americans were defeated, others were inspired to free Texas and Mexico from Spanish rule.

  7. Round Robin • Who has inspired you to do something you never thought you could do? • What did that person inspire you to do?

  8. Galveston Pirates • Jean Lafitte and other pirates set up headquarters on Galveston Island to attack Spanish ships& steal their goods.

  9. Adams-Onis Treaty • In 1817, U.S. President Andrew Jackson chased Natives into Spanish Florida, which angered Spain. • To resolve the issue, Spain ceded Florida to the U.S. in the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819.

  10. Adams-Onis Treaty • The Sabine River was set up as the new boundary between Spanish Texas & Louisiana. • In return, the U.S. would not expand to the West of this boundary.

  11. Colonists Get Angry • U.S. Colonists were angry because they could no longer expand to the West. • Filibusters decided to take parts of Texas away from Spain on their own.

  12. Long Expedition • Dr. James Long led a group from Mississippi to Nacogdoches where he declared Texas independent from Spain. • He was captured & killed by the Spanish & became the last Texas filibuster.