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American History Timeline: 1860-1940

American History Timeline: 1860-1940

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American History Timeline: 1860-1940

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  1. American History Timeline:1860-1940 Timeline Project Nicole Koleczek

  2. 1860’s

  3. 1861 • Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865) serves as President • The Civil War (1861-1865) 1862 • The Homestead Act is passed to offer free land to anyone who agrees to live on and improve it for five years

  4. 1865 • The Civil War (1861-1865) ends; The Union is restored • The Thirteenth Amendment ends slavery 1867 • Christopher Latham Sholes invents the first practical typewriter

  5. 1868 • The Fourteenth Amendment makes African Americans equal citizens 1869 • The Transcontinental Railroad is completed

  6. 1870’s

  7. 1870 • The Fifteenth Amendment guarantees African Americans the right to vote 1876 • The Battle of the Little Bighorn kills an entire force of U.S. troops causing the government to step up military action against Native Americans • Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone

  8. 1880’s

  9. 1882 • The Chinese Exclusion Act is passed to ban Chinese immigration 1884 • Alaska is annexed

  10. 1887 • The Dawes Act is passed to distribute land to individual Native American owners 1889 • Fenced fields replace the open frontier as a result of the Oklahoma Land Rush • The Hull House is established by Jane Addams to help the poor as well as immigrants

  11. 1890 • The Wounded Knee Massacre becomes the last armed conflict with Native Americans in the West 1897 • William McKinley (1897-1901) serves as President

  12. 1898 • Hawaii is annexed

  13. 1900’s

  14. 1901 • Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909) serves as President 1903 • Wisconsin becomes the first state to have a direct primary

  15. 1904 • The Roosevelt Corollary is established to allow U.S. interference in Latin American domestic affairs 1906 • The Pure Food and Drug Act is passed to ban the sale of impure foods and medicines • The Meat Inspection Act is passed to create a government meat inspection program

  16. 1909 • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded to protect the rights of African Americans • William H. Taft (1909-1913) serves as President 1910 • The Immigration Center on Angel Island opens • The Great Migration increases opportunity for African Americans in the North

  17. 1913 • The Federal Reserve Act is passed to create the modern banking system • The Seventeenth Amendment establishes direct election of United States senators by popular vote • The Sixteenth Amendment establishes federal income tax • Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921) serves as President 1914 • The Panama Canal opens • World War I (1914-1918)

  18. 1917 • America enters World War I • The War Industries Board is established to manage the buying and distributing of war materials, set goals for production, order construction of new factories, and set prices 1918 • Alvin York becomes an American hero for his action during the war • The Second Battle of the Marne becomes the turning point of the war • World War I (1914-1918) ends; Social conflict begins • The Fourteen Points are established by President Woodrow Wilson as goals for peace after World War I

  19. 1919 • The Eighteenth Amendment establishes prohibition of the manufacture, sale, or transport of alcohol • The Treaty of Versailles is signed to end World War I

  20. 1920’s

  21. 1920 • The Nineteenth Amendment establishes woman suffrage 1921 • Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) serves as President

  22. 1923 • Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) serves as President 1925 • Laissez-faire economics are established by President Calvin Coolidge to benefit the nation • The Jazz Age and Harlem Renaissance change American culture

  23. 1929 • Herbert C. Hoover (1929-1933) serves as President • The Stock Market Crash of 1929 marks the beginning of the Great Depression

  24. 1930’s

  25. 1933 • Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945) serves as President • The First New Deal (1933-1935) 1935 • The Second New Deal (1935-1937) • The Social Security Act is passed to assist retired workers and the unemployed

  26. 1936 • The Boulder Dam is completed

  27. Thank You for Watching!