Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum Project Leaders: Rick Koelsch, University of Nebraska and Frank Humenik, North Carolina State University Project Manager: Diane Huntrods, MWPS, ISU 1
Today’s Purpose • Introduce LPES Curriculum • Development process • Contents • Access • Discuss its applications
Our goal: we strive to deliver a national core curriculum that • Encourages environmental stewardship and regulatory compliance in animal production. • Targets livestock and poultry producers. • Is accessible nationally to information providers, industry advisors, and producers. • Can be adapted to state and local educational needs.
Why the LPES Curriculum? For the following reasons, demand for environmental education programs is growing: • Mandatory certification • Voluntary University extension education • Pro-active commodity group education • Advisor continuing education • Employee/contractor training
Why the LPES Curriculum?A need exists for educational products that • Summarize current research and science-based knowledge. • Encourage the sharing of knowledge. • Are accessible to producers and information providers throughout the U.S.
Nutrient Management Planning Odor Control Research in Confinement Barns P Management Research Dairy Assessment & Certification Programs Manure Storage Construction Training Land Applicator Certification Program Open Lot Dust & Odor Control Why LPES? Research and Educational Programs Addressing Livestock Issues … How do we share this knowledge among states? 6
Participating States Author Team Review/Pilot Team Access Team 8
LPES Project Activities Develop plan & 1st draft Stakeholder awareness Peer review 2nd draft Pilot testing Final product ? Regional workshops 1999 2000 2001 2002 9
Funding The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency through their National Agriculture Assistance Center funded this effort. Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture provided project oversight. University of Nebraska and North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension provided project leadership.
Curriculum Design Module A. Introduction Module F. Related Issues Module A. Animal Dietary Strategies Module C. Manure Storage and Treatment Module E. Outdoor Air Quality Module D. Land Application and Nutrient Management
Curriculum Design Module A. Introduction Lessons: 1. Principles of environmental stewardship 2. Whole farm nutrient planning 13
Lesson 1 Example An Environmental Steward • Knows the rules. • Balances nutrients entering and leaving. • Is a good neighbor.
Lesson 2 Example Fundamental nutrient question: Is My Livestock or Poultry Operation Concentrating Nutrients?
Curriculum Design Module B. Animal Dietary Strategies Lessons: 1O. Reducing nutrient excretion of pigs 11. Using diet to reduce nutrient excretion of poultry 12. Feeding dairy cows to reduce nutrient excretion 13. Using diet to reduce nutrient excretion of feedlot cattle 16
Curriculum Design Module C. Manure Storage and Treatment Lessons: 20. Planning and evaluation of manure storage 21. Sizing manure storages 22. Open lot runoff management options 23. Manure storage construction 24. Operation and maintenance of manure storage facilities 25. Manure treatment options 17
Lesson 20: Planning Sitting ConsiderationsEarthen Impoundments Buffer distances • Reduce impact on non-owned dwellings • Distance may depend on # of animal units or regulation. • May relate to public notice requirements
Lesson 23: Design Soils ConsiderationsEarthen Impoundments Seepage described by Darcy’s law v = k (H+d)/d v = seepage rate through liner k = permeability coefficient of liner H = liquid depth d = liner thickness k clay liner 19
Curriculum Design Module D. Land Application and Nutrient Management Lessons: 30. Soil utilization of manure 31. Manure utilization plans 32. Selecting land application sites 33. Phosphorus management for ag. and the environment 34. Land application records and sampling 35. Land application equipment 21
LPES Flexibility for Future Issues Module E. Outdoor Air Quality Lessons: 40. Emissions from animal systems 41. Emissions control for animal housing 42. Controlling dust and odor from open lots 43. Emission control for manure storage 44. Emission control for land application 22
Lesson 41Emission Control Strategies from Building Sources By Larry Jacobson,University of Minnesota; Jeff Lorimor,Iowa State University; Jose R. Bicudo, University of Kentucky; and D. R. Schmidt, University of Minnesota
Lesson 42 Why is dust blowing? Wind Why is no dust blowing?
Lesson 42 Manure not yet harvested, > 2 inches deep Wind Manure harvested within previous 3 days, < 1 inch deep 25
Curriculum Design Module F. Related Issues Lessons: 51. Emergency action plans 52. Mortality management 53. Risk and regulatory assessment workbook 26
Curriculum Design Module F. Related Issues Lessons: 51. Emergency action plans 52. Mortality management 53. Risk and regulatory assessment workbook 27
Lesson 50 Case Study #2 . . . Improper Modificationof Storage Structure • 7.3-acre swine lagoon, SE North Carolina • No irrigation equipment on site • About a week before the spill, farm workers improperly installed pipe in lagoon embankment. • Rainwater from a tropical storm ponded above and then scoured out the embankment near where pipe was installed. • The lagoon breached, releasing lagoon effluent and sludge. 28
Flexibility for Future Issues Module E. Outdoor Air Quality Lessons: 40. Emissions from animal systems 41. Emissions control for animal housing 42. Controlling dust and odor from open lots 43. Emission control for manure storage 44. Emission control for land application 45. Controlling Ammonia Emissions (?) 29
Stewardship Assessment Tools Home Farm Home Farm Home Farm North Pivot North Pivot North Pivot 31
Regulatory Compliance Assessment Tools No limitations on plan writers x x For farms > 300 AU with LWCF Permit x x x x x Annually for each manure storage facility Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality, 402-471- 3711 32
Manure P vs. Cropland P Use PowerPoint presentation for each lesson
Manure P vs. Cropland P Use (cont.) PowerPoint presentation for each lesson
Manure P vs. Cropland P Use (cont.) PowerPoint presentation for each lesson
Who Is MWPS? • Consortium of 12 North Central land-grant university Cooperative Extension programs • Role is to facilitate regional and national peer- reviewed publications • Target audience is agriculture • Provides access to publication development, publishing, marketing, and maintenance services
Regional Workshops for Introducing LPES Curriculum Workshop locations Hawaii Alaska e U of Guam Aqua colored states have requested travel grants to send team. 43
Audience • Producers - Wide range of knowledge • Advisors - Planners (public and private) - Nutritionists - Bankers - Engineers - Contractors
Audience (continued) • Public officials - Planning Boards - County Governments - State Agencies • Inspectors • Policy makers • EPA - Inspectors - Policy makers
Audience (continued) • General public • Environmental groups • Students
New York Applications/Plans • CNMP Planner required training • CNMP Planner continuing education • Farm Bureau Farmer Forums • NRCS and SWCD new employee training • Cornell Cooperative Extension Educators’ county programs • EQIP education for producers • Planning Boards • Public education
Georgia Applications/Plans • CNMP Planner required training and continuing education • Animal Feeding Operator certification program and continuing education • Certification of manure brokers • Farm Bureau and commodity group annual meetings • NRCS and SWCD new employee training • Cooperative Extension Service In-service training and county programs • 4-H and youth programs • Use of components for education of municipal wastewater operators in land application programs 49
California Applications/Plans Educational components for CNMP • Manure storage • Land application • Manure treatment • Emergency action plans • Whole farm nutrient balance • Dairy diet • Mortality management