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Insulin Therapy

Insulin Therapy

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Insulin Therapy

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Insulin Therapy

  2. Age Rapid onset Weight loss Tablets fail Pregnancy Illness Ketoacidosis Pancreat-ectomy. Insulin Treatment(when?)Any Glucose Level

  3. Diabetes Insulin Acceptance Believe Eating Testing Emergency Supervision IDDM Therapy Education

  4. Objectives of InsulinTherapy • Survival • Prevention of Hypoglycemia &ketoacidosis. • Living full active life. • Prevention of long-term complications (if possible).

  5. Which When Dose Sites Technique Checking Hypoglycemia Storage Recording Assessment Insulin Therapy Education

  6. Complications of Insulin Injections Low Blood Glucose: -Insulin reaction -Hypoglycemia Local Reaction Insulin Allergy & Resistance

  7. Types of Insulin

  8. Pathogenesis of diabetes: metabolic features Genetic predisposition Insulin resistance Defective insulin secretion Hyperglycemia

  9. Human Insulin

  10. Types of Insulin • Onset of Action • Peak of Activity • Duration of Action

  11. Types of Insulin • Short Acting Insulin • Intermediate Acting Insulin • Long Acting Insulin

  12. Insulin Regimens • Once Daily Injections • Twice Daily Injections • Multiple Daily Injections • Pump Introduction

  13. Insulin Treatment

  14. Choice of Insulin Regimen • Blood Glucose Level • Desired Degree of Control • Pancreases Status • Lifestyle • Patient’s Ability to Adjust

  15. Thank You