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Rome Becomes an Empire

Rome Becomes an Empire

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Rome Becomes an Empire

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  1. Rome Becomes an Empire Coach Crews World History

  2. Rome Become an Empire • Caesar’s Death • Civil war between his killers and Octavian, his grandnephew • Second Triumvirate formed in 43 B.C. (Octavian, Antony, Lepidus)

  3. Rome Become an Empire 2. The Second Triumvirate • Quarreling began among the men • Lepidus retires, Octavian and Antony divide the land • Antony falls in love with Cleopatra • Octavian tells everyone Antony wants to become the sole ruler with Cleopatra’s help

  4. Rome Become an Empire • Octavian declares war on Antony • Battle of Actium in 31 B.C., the couple flees • Octavian tracks them down and they kill themselves • At age 32, Octavian stood alone at the top of the Roman world

  5. Rome Become an Empire 3. Who was Augustus? • Octavian knew the people preferred a republic • Octavian restored the republic, following the teaching of Cicero • He gave the Senate little power • He took the title of Augustus, “the majestic one”