“The role of UNODC/TPB in CBN security” Irka Kuleshnyk “Towards a CBN Security Culture: developing a holistic approach” Vienna, 24 April 2012
Resolution 1373 Security Council Resolution 1540 & subsequent ones Security Council 16 INTERNATIONAL LEGAL INSTRUMENTS AGAINST TERRORISM C, B, R and/or N: Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and 2005 Amendment Maritime Protocols Terrorist Bombings Convention Nuclear Terrorism Convention • Resolutions 1267, • & 1989 • Security Council
Common points to the Conventions • Establish offences • Require States to criminalize offences • Establish the principle aut dedere aut judicare = “either extradite or prosecute” • Provide for international cooperation mechanisms
Is the incrimination of terrorism necessary? The Conventions • Do not require the incrimination of the offence of “terrorism” • Require the incrimination of certain offences independently of terrorist motivation The terrorist motivation may be considered as an aggravating circumstance
UNODC is a member of the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force (CTITF) Working Group on Weapons on Mass Destruction (WMD). • UNODC is an official observer to the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism • TPB is working closely with other programmes of UNODC and with relevant international organizations and other partners in assisting States in their fight against CBRN terrorism
UNODC/TPB programme against CBRN terrorism UNODC/TPB has designed a four-year project framework that will: • Promote awareness on the international legal framework and adherence to it as a means to achieving universalization; • Provide legal assistance for the development of an appropriate domestic legal framework; • Build capacity to ensure implementation of the international legal instruments; • Develop innovative tools to assist Member States in implementing the international legal framework against CBRN terrorism; • Support inter-agency coordination in the delivery of specialized technical assistance to counter CBRN terrorism.
Examples of past activities • Republic of Moldova: Legislative Drafting Workshop on illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive material (with US Department of State) (Chisinau, January 2012) • Indonesia: National workshop on the ratification of the Nuclear Terrorism Convention (Jakarta, December 2011) • Regional Workshop on CBRN and maritime terrorism for 16 Caribbean countries, Barbados, November 2010 • Workshop for Central Asian Countries on Non-Proliferation and International Legal Cooperation against CBRN Terrorism, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, December 2009
United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Terrorism Prevention Branch Irka Kuleshnyk P.O. Box 500 A - 1400 Vienna Austria Web: http://www.unodc.org