Pennsylvania Bureau of Deep Mine Safety Provide Mine safety inspections, Miner certifications Safety Training and Mine Rescue services for miners within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Commonwealth Locations • Uniontown – Main Office/Bituminous Rescue Station • Ebensburg – Bituminous Mine Rescue Station • Tremont – Anthracite Mine Rescue Station • Pottsville – Anthracite Main Office
Underground Mine Safety • Bituminous Coal • Anthracite Coal • Industrial Minerals
Accidents in Mining • All Mining in the U. S. 67 Miners died in 2002 • In Pennsylvania 3 Miners died mining coal in 2002 • In 2003 To this date in Pennsylvania. 0 miners have died
Pennsylvania Mining History • Anthracite • Bituminous • Stone/Clay
How Mining Touches Our Lives • Mineral Mining – Roads, concrete, decorative stones, soda ash, salt, sulfur • Coal Mining – Electricity, steel, Home heat, nylon • Mine Subsidence, Acid Mine Water • Mine site Reclamation
Mining MethodsUnderground - Surface • Underground Coal – Room and Pillar and Long wall • Surface Coal – Remove the overburden, Extract coal by draglines, dozers, shovels, large haul trucks
Pennsylvania Mine Rescue Quecreek Mine Rescue July 2002
What Happened? • Miners cut into an adjacent abandon coal mine. • 60 Million gallons of water inundated their mine. • 18 miners were working in the mine when the water rushed in. • 9 miners made it to the surface • 9 other miners were trapped
By 9:45PM, Water Reported at this Location - 1 Left Miners Cannot get Out and Reportedly Travel Back to Section
The Rescue • For 78 hours the trapped miners waited for rescuers to free them. • Drillers drilled a 6 inch borehole in to the area that the miners were in 11 hours after they were trapped. • The miners tapped on the drill steel to let the rescuers know they were alive. • A 30 inch bore hole was started about 20 feet from the 6 inch hole to be used as an escape shaft.
Water must be pumped out • Drill holes are drilled to place pumps into the mine to pump the water out. • 30,000 gallons per min. was being pumped. • When water started flowing out of the mine opening things looked bad. • Many people all across the country responded with help.
The Rescue Bore Hole • At 10:16 PM on Saturday evening the hole breaks through to the miners. • All 9 are alive! • Escape capsule is lowered into the mine. • One by one each miner is brought to safety.
Thank You John Cool Larry Stowinsky