Schools Shut as Virus Rages in Vietnam Article Found by the Associate Press of the Wall Street Journal Melissa Panzer
Vietnam is currently experiencing an outbreak of Hand, Foot, and Mouth disease • More than 57,000 children have been infected. • More than 2,000 new cases are being reported each week. • The death toll is currently at 111.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease • Common in infants and children. • Viral infection caused by viruses that belong to the enterovirus genus (most commonly coxsackievirus) • Infection is spread via direct contact. Coxsackievirus
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Initial Symptoms: fever, no appetite, sore throat, and runny nose. 5-7 days after exposure: blister-like rash on the hands, feet, and in the mouth.
Complications of HFMD Typically caused by coxsackievirus: • Very mild disease • Clears within 10 days, usually without the need of medical assistance. So why have 111 children died in Vietnam as a result of HFMD?
Enterovirus 71 • 1/3 of cases in Vietnam caused by a more severe strain: enterovirus 71. • While rare, complications include: paralysis, brain swelling, and death.
Dealing with the Outbreak • Dozens of kindergartens have been shut down for cleaning and child-examinations. • Dr.’s are encouraging parents to keep a clean environment. • Cases and fatalities expected to rise through October.