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GMO in Thai Sugar Cane PowerPoint Presentation
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GMO in Thai Sugar Cane

GMO in Thai Sugar Cane

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GMO in Thai Sugar Cane

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Thai – Queensland Dialogue #6 Renaissance Resort & Spa, Koh Samui 25 March 2010 Nutthapol Asadathorn, Ph.D. Thai Sugar Miller Co.,Ltd. GMO in Thai Sugar Cane

  2. GMO in Thailand • Cabinet Resolution in 2001 • Not allow GMOs testing in field level • Not allow imports, cultivate, commercial, possession • Except : Soy bean & Maize – Raw materials for human food, animal feed, industrial use

  3. Regulations • Plant control act 1964 & 1999 • GMO plants restriction - 40 types • Increase to 49 types in 2003 • Restriction: Import, cultivate, commercial, possession • Exception: Research & trials

  4. Bio-Safety • Agricultural Biosafety Board, Department of agriculture • Institutional Biosafety Committee • Since 1993 • Biosafety guidelines on researches & commercial • 33 units in universities, colleges, companies • Regulations : National Environment Board, Ministry of National Resources and Environment

  5. Bio-safety • At least 1 crop cycle trial in lab or green house • At least 1 crop cycle trial in testing field • At least 2 crop cycles or locations in field • Special watch : rice, maize, soy bean, papaya

  6. Certification • Non-GMO certification by Department of Agriculture • Cane: Issue the certificate without testing (1 in 155 products)

  7. White Leaf Disease • Cause: Phัytoplasma, 16 SrXI-B • Stay in Phloem • No variety that can tollerate • Insect: Leafhopper • M. hiroglyphicus • Y. flavovitatus • Sandy soil – Northeastern

  8. White Leaf Disease • Symtoms: • Budding cane shows white-yellow narrow leaf • Chlorophyll is destroyed • Strong cane will not show symtom • Treatments: • Hot water (50ºC) 2 hours for cane seed • Eliminate the infected cane

  9. White Leaf Disease • Research stage • Study “Shiva-1 lytic peptide” • Control the Phytoplasma growing in phloem • National Center for Genetic Engineering • Funded : National Science and Technology Development Agency

  10. Conclusion • Food industry prefer GMO free • Export to Europe • Restriction from government policy • Food safety • Bio-fuel production • Production cost

  11. Thank you