Passing(7-2 & 7-3) Tony Dutton 10/9/2012
Forward & Backward Pass2-19-2 • Forward: determined by point where ballfirst strikesthe ground, a player, an official or anythingbeyondthe spot of the pass. WIQ pass in or behind the neutral zone is forward. • Any intentional movement of passer’s hand or arm starts the forward pass. WIQ ball is passed and not fumbled. • Backward:all other passes. A snap becomes a backward pass when the snapper releases it.
Backward Pass (7-2-1) • Ball carrier may hand or pass ball backwardat any time, exceptto throw the ballintentionally out of boundstoconserve time. • PENALTY: 5 yards, spot of foul, loss of down if by Team A.
Backward Pass & Fumble(7-2-2) • Caught or recoveredby any inbounds player:continues in play. Exceptions: • Team A fumble on a try caught or recoveredbyplayer other than fumbler: No team A score. • Team A fumble on 4th down, before a change of possession caught or recovered by Team Aplayer other than fumbler: Ball is dead.
During the Try A7 fumbles at the 3. A79 recovers in the end zone. RULING: Ball dead. No score for A. G
83 During the Try or 4th Down 41 41 muffs backward pass from QB. End 83 recovers the ball and advances into the end zone QB Touchdown. Any player may advance a backward pass. G
83 During the Try or 4th Down 41 41 receives backward pass from QB, runs, then fumbles. End 83 recovers the ball and advances into the end zone. QB Ball dead at spot of fumble. G
On the Try After the holder muffs the snap, the kicker recovers the ball and advances into the end zone. K H Touchdown. 2 points for Team A The snap is a backward pass. G
4th & 8 A79 recovers beyond the line to gain. A8 A8 fumbles short of the line to gain. RULING: Ball dead at the spot of the fumble.
On 3rd down A7 fumbles at the 3. A79 recovers in the end zone. RULING: Touchdown. G
Forward Pass (2-19-2) • First strikes anything beyond the spot of the pass. • WIQ: Pass thrown in or behind the neutral zone is forward rather than backward when. • Intentional forward movement of passer’s hand or arm starts the forward pass. • WIQ: Ball is passed not fumbled.
Legal Forward Pass (7-3-1) • Pass by Team A; • One forward pass during down; • Before team possession changes; • Pass is thrown from in or behind neutral zone. [Remember: player has not crossed untilentire bodyhas been beyond the neutral zone.]
Illegal Forward Pass (7-3-2) • Thrown by Team A beyond the neutral zone. • Thrown by Team B. • Thrown by Team A after change of team possession. • Second forward pass by A during down. • Thrownafter runner in possession goes or has been beyond the neutral zone. • Thrown toconserve time, with conditions. • Throw tosave loss of yardage, with conditions.
Illegal Forward Pass to Conserve Time • If not thrown immediately to the ground after gaining control, or • If thrown after ball has touched the ground. • If thrown where no eligible Team A player has reasonable opportunity to catch(WIQ-player has opportunity). • PENALTY: Five yards from spot of foul and loss of down. Clock? • Starts on the ready.
A.R. 7-3-2 III • On third down near the end of the half, field goal holder muffs the snap. Either he or the kicker recovers the ball and immediately throws it forward to the ground. • RULING:Illegal forward pass. 5 yards from spot of pass, loss of down, and clock starts on the ready.
A.R. 7-3-2 IV • Ball is snapped over the QB’s head. He recovers the ball and immediately throws it forward to the ground. • RULING:Illegal forward pass. 5 yards from spot of pass, loss of down, and clock starts on the ready.
A.R. 7-3-2 V • On 3rd down near the end of the half, A1 muffs the snap. A1 or A4 catches the muffed ball and immediately throws it forward into the ground. • RULING: Legal play.
A.R. 7-3-2 VII • Seconds remaining in the half and the ball is ready for play. Team A quickly lines up and the ball is legally snapped to quarterback A12 who throws it forward directly to the ground. Team A’s formation was not legal at the snap. • RULING: Illegal formation. 5 yards from the previous spot. Clock? • Starts on the snap.
Illegal Forward Pass to Save Loss of Yardage • If thrown where no eligible Team A player has reasonable opportunity to catch(WIQ-player has opportunity). PENALTY: Five yards from spot of foul and loss of down. • Exception: Not illegal if thrown to: • Avoid loss of yardage,and; • Passer is or has been outside the tackle box, and; • Ball lands beyond the neutral zone. • Clock starts on the snap.
Change of possession. Illegal forward pass by B.
Pass thrown to save loss of yardage. Ball lands behind NZ. Neutral Zone Illegal forward pass.
Eligible to Touch (7-3-3) • All Team B players • Team A players (two conditions): • Right number: other than 50-79, and • Right position: • On end of line of scrimmage, • Legally in the backfield, or • In position to receive hand-to hand snap.
After 25 shifts into backfield, 98 becomes eligible. 73 remains ineligible by number.
Eligibility Lost (7-3-4) • Eligible offensive player who goes out of bounds becomes ineligible. Exception: • Blocked out of bounds by opponent, and, • Attempts to return inbounds immediately. • PENALTY – Loss of down at previous spot.
85 returns immediately. ILLEGAL 87 runs behind the bench.
Eligibility Gained (7-3-5) • All players become eligible when a legal forward pass touches: • ATeam B player • An official
65eligibleafter touch by B. 65ineligibleif not touched by B.
Catch, Interception, Recovery(2-2-7) • Catch is gaining possession of a live ball in flight. • Catch of opponent’s fumble or pass is interception. • Gaining possession of a live ball after it strikes the ground is recovery. • To catch, intercept, or recover a player who leaves his feet must have possession when first returning to ground in bounds or when forward progress is stopped. • Loss of ball simultaneous to returning to ground is not a catch, interception or recovery.
Completed Pass (7-3-6) • Caught by a player of the passing team who is inbounds (must maintain control of the ball while going to the ground). • Simultaneous catch: ball becomes dead and belongs to the passing team.
A.R. 7-3-6-XI G X Airborne receiver grasps ball, falls to ground inbounds, and ball comes loose touching the ground. RULING: Incomplete pass.
A.R. 7-3-6-XII G X Airborne receiver grasps ball, falls to ground inbounds, ball comes loose, and receiver regains control before ball touches the ground. RULING: Completed pass.
A.R. 7-3-6-XIII G Airborne receiver grasps ball, first touches in bounds with toe, falls to ground out of bounds, ball comes loose, and receiver regains control before ball touches the ground. RULING: Incomplete pass. X
Incomplete Pass (7-3-7) • Pass touches the ground or is out of bounds. • Player leaves his feet, receives the pass and first lands on or outside the boundary line. • Incomplete legal forward pass belong to the passing team at the previous spot. • Incomplete illegal forward pass belongs to passing team at spot of foul. Exception: If the offended team declines the penalty for an illegal pass thrown from the end zone, the ball shall next be put in play at the previous spot.
4th & 9 Team A throws an illegal pass from its end zone. Safety or B’s ball at the previous spot. See A.R. 7-3-7 II
A.R. 7-3-7 III 3rd & 9. B intercepts and is downed at the 20. Safety or B’s ball at the 20.
Illegal Contact andPass Interference (7-3-8) • Illegal contact by either team prohibited: • When legal forward pass, • Crosses the neutral zone, • From time of snap until ball is touched by any player or an official.
Crosses Neutral Zone (2-19-3) • When a legal forward pass first strikes the ground, a player or an official or anything beyond the neutral zone. • It is beyond or behind the neutral zone where it crosses the sideline.
Offensive Pass Interference (7-3-8-b) • Legal forward pass crosses the neutral zone. • Contact beyond the neutral zone. • Contact that interferes with a Team B player.
Not Offensive Pass Interference • Immediate charge at snap and, • Contact not more than one yard beyond neutral zone, and • Contact does not continue more than 3 yds. • Both playersmaking a simultaneous and bona fide attempt to catch the pass. • Offensive player impedes an opponent in the area while the pass is in flight, and pass notcatchable.
Catchable Forward Pass(2-19-4) • Untouched legal forward pass, • Beyond the neutral zone, and • Eligible Team A player has reasonable opportunity to catch. • WIQ: Pass is catchable.
Defensive Pass Interference(7-3-8-c) • Contact beyond the neutral zone, • Intent to impede is obvious, • Catchable forward pass, and • Only after a legal forward pass is thrown.
Not Defensive Pass Interference • Immediate charge at snap and, • Contact within one yard beyond neutral zone. • Both playersmaking a simultaneous and bona fide attempt to catch the pass. • Team B player legally contacts an opponent before the pass is thrown. • When Team A potential kicker from scrimmage kick formation simulates a kick by throwing the ball high and deep.
Comments on Interferencefrom (7-3-9) • Either team may interfere: • Behind the neutral zone. • Beyond the neutral zone after the pass has been touched. • Interference rules apply only when a legal forward pass crosses the neutral zone. • Physical contact is required for interference. • Each player has territorial rights. Interference only if intent to impede is obvious.