Policy and Economic Contextin IHP Countries (Australia) Matthew Woodward CEO, Unity Housing Company, Adelaide, Australia Director PowerHousing Australia Annual Leadership Exchange Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC – October 2012
population • Now 22,596,500 million • 28 million by 2030 • 42.5 million people by 2056 • 62.2 million people by 2101 • 90% of population live within 100 kilometres of the coast • 65% living in a capital city
High standard of living • High cost of living • Inequality • Wealthiest 20% of households own 62% of total household wealth • Least wealthy 20% of households own less than 1% of total household wealth • 2.2m people in Australia are estimated to be living in poverty • Indigenous Australians experience disproportionate levels of educational, employment and social disadvantage.
Economy • 13th largest in the World • Service sector, 68% of GDP. • The total mining sector 19% of GDP. • Economic growth largely dependent on the mining sector and agricultural sector • Major restructure and reforms of 80s • GFC • Impact minimised as a result of: • Economic restructuring • Federal Government fiscal stimulus package • High demand/prices for commodities • But • Economy out of balance • Confidence is dismal • Recent fall in commodity prices
Housing • Tenure • Home Ownership 70% • Private Rental 25% • Social Housing 5% (400,000 dwellings) • NFP 12% *(45,6000 dwellings) • Housing Type • Separate House 76% • Semi detached 10% • Apartments 14% • Current undersupply of dwellings of 200,000 is anticipated to grow to a shortfall of 640,000 by 2030
Housing costs • 1.1m Australian families are living in housing stress • 60% of low income households in private rental are in housing stress • 48% low income households with a mortgage are in housing stress • Over 240,000 people are on the waiting lists for social housing across Australia
Social housing policy context • Historically social housing provided by the State and territory housing agencies with limited provision by not for profit providers. • Make-up of Australian social housing is changing. The number of community housing dwellings has increased by 27% over past 5 years whilst public housing numbers have decreased by an equivalent number. • In the face of increasing demand (there is a growing gap in the supply of affordable housing with a current gap estimated at 100,000 dwellings and growing.
Growth business model • State and Federal Governments are increasingly turning to community housing/NFPs as a vehicle to help address the shortage of social and affordable housing • Key Policy Settings • Commonwealth Rent Assistance • The National Rental Affordability Scheme (NRAS) • NB&JP – Nation Building and Jobs Package – the economic stimulus package • Infrastructure Funding • First Home Owners Grant • Planning and development approval regimes
Major areas of challenge for nfp sector in building business systems • The lack of a National Regulatory Framework • The lack of any consistent funding program that has a longer than electoral cycle commitment • The lack of scale of existing associations and providers • The need for reform of the Public / State Housing Authorities
A need to raise profile of the need in the wider community • Australians for Affordable Housing • A four point plan – • Increase the supply of affordable rental housing • Improve housing affordability through tax reform • Improve rent assistance • Set benchmarks for all levels of government to deliver affordable housing