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Kidney Transplant in India

Human Kidney is a vital organ in purifying blood. What happens when your kidneys fails or stop functioning? This could lead to a serious damage and eventually to death. So when kidney fails you will have only two options one is Kidney Transplant and other is Kidney Dialysis. The article on Kidney Transplant in India has intended to provide information about Kidney transplant Process, Donation, Operation or surgery, cost, Hospitals, Life expectancy.

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Kidney Transplant in India

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  1. Kidney Transplant inIndia Human Kidney is a vital organ in purifying blood. What happens when your kidneys fails or stop functioning? This could lead to a serious damage and eventually to death. So when kidney fails youwill have only two options one is Kidney Transplant and other is Kidney Dialysis. The article onKidney Transplant In Indiahas intended to provide information about Kidney transplant Process, Donation, Operation or surgery, cost, Hospitals, Lifeexpectancy. WHAT IS A KIDNEYTRANSPLANT? Whenyoureceive akidneytransplant,ahealthykidneyisplaced inyourbodytodotheworkthatyour own kidneys cannot doanymore. On the positive side, there are fewer limits on what you can drink and eat, but you should follow a healthydiet.Yourhealthshouldimprove.Infact,asuccessfulkidneytransplantcanallowyoutolivethe kind of life you lived before having kidney disease. Studies show that people who have had a kidney transplantlivelongerthanthosewhoremainondialysis. Onthenegativeside,thereistheriskofsurgery.Youwill alsoneedtotakeanti-rejectionmedicationsas long as your new kidney works, which can have side effects. You will have a higher risk of infections and certain types ofcancer. Althoughmosttransplantsaresuccessfulandlastformany years,theirdurationmay vary from person toperson.Manypeoplewill needmorethanonekidneytransplantintheirlifetime. • KIDNEYDISEASE • Whenthekidneysstopfunctioning,kidneyfailureoccurs. Ifthisrenalfailurepersists (chronically),this results in end-stage renal failure, accompanied by an accumulation of toxic waste in the body. In this case, transplantation or dialysis isnecessary. • REASON FOR END-STAGE RENALDISEASE • Serious anatomic problems of the urinarysystem • Polycystic kidneydisease • Glomerulonephritis • Hypertension • Diabetic

  2. TREATMENTS FOR END-STAGE RENALDISEASE: The treatments for end-stage renal failure are hemodialysis, a mechanical method of cleaning blood from waste; peritoneal dialysis, inwhich waste is removed by passing chemical solutions through the abdominal cavity; and kidneytransplantation. However, while none of these treatments cure end-stage kidney disease, a transplant offers the closest thing to a normal life because the transplanted kidney can replace the failing kidneys. However, it also involves a lifetime addiction to drugs to keep the new kidney healthy. Some of these medications can have serious sideeffects. Some kidney patients are considering a transplant after dialysis begins; others consider it before starting dialysis. In certain circumstances, dialysis patients who also have serious medical problems such as canceroractiveinfectionsmaynotbe suitablecandidatesforakidneytransplant. KIDNEYDONATION: Kidneysfortransplantcomefromtwodifferent sources:alivingdonororadeceaseddonor. THE LIVINGDONOR Sometimes family members, including parents, a spouse, close friend, aunts, uncles, children (18 years and older), cousins, sisters, brothers may wish to donate a kidney. This person is called a “livingdonor”. The donor must be in excellent health, knowledgeable about the transplant and be able to give informed consent. Anyone in good health can give a kidneysafely. DONORDECEASED: A deceased donor kidney comes from someone who has suffered brain death. The law allows everyone to consent toorgandonationfortransplantationatthetimeofdeathandallowsfamiliestoalsoprovide such permission. After donation authorization is granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until a recipient has beenselected. A more detailed version will be explained inSection 10. ASSESSMENT PROCESS OFTRANSPLANTATION: Regardlessofthetypeofkidneytransplant–deceaseddonororlivingdonor–special bloodtestsare needed to determine what type of blood and tissue is present. These test results help match a donor kidney to therecipient. BLOOD TYPETEST The first test establishes the type of blood. There are four types of blood: O, AB, B, and A. Everyone fits intooneof theseinheritedgroups. Therecipientandthedonormusthaveeitherthecompatiblegroup or same blood groups unless they are participating in a special program to donate one blood group to another. The list below shows the compatibletypes:

  3. Ifthebloodgroupoftherecipient istypeA,thebloodtypemustbeAorO • Ifthebloodgroupoftherecipient isB,thebloodtypeofthedonormustbeBorO • Ifthebloodgroupoftherecipient isO,thebloodgroupshouldbeO • IfthebloodgroupoftherecipientisAB,thebloodgroupcanbeA,B,ABorO • ThebloodtypeAB istheeasiesttomatchbecausethisindividualaccepts allothertypesofblood. • Blood type O is the hardest to match. Although O blood group persons can give to all types, they can only receive kidneys from type O blood donors. For example, ifa patient with blood group O receives a kidney from a donor blood group. type A, the body will recognize the donor’s kidney as foreign and destroyit. • TISSUETYPING • The second test, which is a blood test for human leukocyte antigens (HLA), which is also called as tissue typing.Antigens aremarkersfoundon manycellsofthebodythatdistinguisheachindividualasunique. These markers are inherited from parents. Both potential donors and recipients have tissue typing performed during the assessmentprocess. • Receivingakidneywherethedonormarkersandtherecipientmarkers are allthesameisa“perfect” kidney. Perfect transplants have the best chance of working for many years. The most perfect kidney transplants come from brothers andsisters. • Althoughtissuetypingis performeddespiteapartialorabsent HLAmatchwithsomedegreeof • “discordance” between the recipient and thedonor. • BEST KIDNEY HOSPITAL ININDIA: • FORTISHOSPITAL • Fortis Healthcare Limited is a leading provider of integrated health care services in India. The vertical health sectors of the business primarily include specialized day care facilities, hospitals and diagnostic facilities. • Address: • Fortis Hospital (RegionalOffice) Mulund Goregaon Link Road, Mulund-West, Mumbai400078 • GASTRO AND KIDNEY CAREHOSPITAL

  4. IGKC is a super specialty hospital which commenced operations in the year 2014 and is located inthe heart of Bhubaneswar, the temple town and capital of Odisha. The hospital’s clinical staffs include strong team of highly qualified well established locally and in zone and extremely well experienced Consultants. Address: N-1, plot no1460/61 IRC Village,Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar-15 ASIAN INSTITUTE OF NEPHROLOGY ANDUROLOGY Asian Institute of Nephrology and Urology (AINU) is a world – class, single-specialty, renal sciences hospital in Hyderabad. It was established in the year 2013. AINU is among the few urology and nephrology-focused tertiary care hospitals in South India, offering a full suite of medical and surgical services,daycareservices and supportingservices.Itisoneofthe youngest hospitalsinthecountryto achieve NABH accreditation, within two years fromits inception. Address: Asian Institute of Nephrology andUrology Shop No. 6-3-562/A, Behind MOREMegastore, Erram Manzil Colony, Somajiguda, Hyderabad, India-500082. PACEHOSPITALS PACE Hospitals is a super specialty hospital focused on tertiary care services in the field of Medical and Surgical Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Nephrology, Urology, GI Oncology and Andrology in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Address: PaceHospitals Hitech City : Beside AvasaHotel,

  5. Pillar No.18, Hyderabad –500081 PREETI UROLOGY AND KIDNEYHOSPITAL Preeti Hospital is one of Hyderabad’s best kidney hospitals, located at KPHB Kukatpally, which has advanced technologies to treat patients. The pre-urology and kidney hospital always provide the right balance between staff training, patient care and research to meet the needs of its patients. The Pre- Emergency and Kidney Hospital in Hyderabad also has equipment and permission needed for kidney transplantation. Address: MIG 1, 307, Road No.4, KPHB,Hyderabad-72. KIDNEY TRANSPLANT COST ININDIA Kidney transplant cost in New-Delhi : Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=9,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in Mumbai : Minimum =4,00,000 INR to Maximum=10,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in Bangalore : Minimum =4,30,000 INR to Maximum=9,00,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in Hyderabad : Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=8,90,000 INR Kidney transplant cost in Chennai – Minimum =3,50,000 INR to Maximum=8,50,000INR

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