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VICTIMIZATION IN THE PRISONS

VICTIMIZATION IN THE PRISONS

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VICTIMIZATION IN THE PRISONS

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  1. VICTIMIZATION IN THE PRISONS Uno Traat Estonian Academy of Security Sciences

  2. Mõiste viktimisatsioon kui viktimoloogia keskne kategooria Untilrecentyears official prisonrecordswerethe onlysource of dataavailabletoinvestigatequestions about victimization Althoughusefulsourcestheserecords are characterizesbyseveralgreatlimitations They are inperfectsourcesforunderstandingthe truenature and exy0tent of victimization in the prisons.

  3. Most victimizations in the prisons are never reported

  4. On Study 2009.a. Victimization study have been carried out in the four Estonian prisons (Tallinna, Tartu, Murru ja Harku prison) The main aim was to explain the extent and nature of victimization

  5. Sample • N= 206 inmates

  6. Method The main method was survey Inmates were asked to complete questionnaire (A small number of inmates failed to complete the questionnaire)

  7. The results of survey Victimization extent and nature

  8. Rates of victimization 29.6% - been victimized at least once 19,9% - been victimized at least once in year 6,3% - been victimized every day

  9. Howmanyinmatesinformprisonofficersabout victimization? 65,6% respondents did not inform prison officers Most offences in the prisons are latent

  10. Physicalinjuries 41% - slight injuries 24,6% - serious injuries

  11. Viktimization in childhood • 33,5 % respondents are beenvictimizedeven in childhood

  12. Cycle of Violence Many inmates have get into cycle of violence

  13. PRISON VIOLENCE CYCLE (A theoretical model) (Edgar, O`Donnell, Martin 2003 : 200)

  14. Vanglavägivalla „surnud ring“

  15. TÄNAN TÄHELEPANU EEST! Thank you very much for attention!