VICTIMIZATION IN THE PRISONS Uno Traat Estonian Academy of Security Sciences
Mõiste viktimisatsioon kui viktimoloogia keskne kategooria Untilrecentyears official prisonrecordswerethe onlysource of dataavailabletoinvestigatequestions about victimization Althoughusefulsourcestheserecords are characterizesbyseveralgreatlimitations They are inperfectsourcesforunderstandingthe truenature and exy0tent of victimization in the prisons.
On Study 2009.a. Victimization study have been carried out in the four Estonian prisons (Tallinna, Tartu, Murru ja Harku prison) The main aim was to explain the extent and nature of victimization
Sample • N= 206 inmates
Method The main method was survey Inmates were asked to complete questionnaire (A small number of inmates failed to complete the questionnaire)
The results of survey Victimization extent and nature
Rates of victimization 29.6% - been victimized at least once 19,9% - been victimized at least once in year 6,3% - been victimized every day
Howmanyinmatesinformprisonofficersabout victimization? 65,6% respondents did not inform prison officers Most offences in the prisons are latent
Physicalinjuries 41% - slight injuries 24,6% - serious injuries
Viktimization in childhood • 33,5 % respondents are beenvictimizedeven in childhood
Cycle of Violence Many inmates have get into cycle of violence
PRISON VIOLENCE CYCLE (A theoretical model) (Edgar, O`Donnell, Martin 2003 : 200)
TÄNAN TÄHELEPANU EEST! Thank you very much for attention!