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THE WHY OF OUR BEING HERE TODAY. * THE ENABLED FILIPINO * THE LEGAL BASIS 1987 Constitution - Article XIV, Section 1 - Article XIV, Section 2.1 * THE K+12 BASIC EDUCATION REFORM * THE SYNTHESIS.
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THEWHY OF OUR BEING HERE TODAY ....
* THE ENABLED FILIPINO* THE LEGAL BASIS1987 Constitution - Article XIV, Section 1 - Article XIV, Section 2.1* THE K+12 BASIC EDUCATION REFORM* THE SYNTHESIS
The enabled/empowered, value-driven, visionary Filipino is the greatest treasure of this nation, a vision shared by every segment of our society, a vision achieved through quality education.
Article XIV, Section 1. – The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
Article XIV, Section 2 (1). – The State shall establish, maintain and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and the society.
WHERE ARE WE NOW? Students have insufficient mastery of basic competencies due to congested curriculum.
REASON of INSUFFICIENT MASTERY:* 12-year curriculum is being delivered in 10 years only The inadequacy of instructional time (or time on task) is reflected in the student’s insufficient mastery of basic competencies.
PROOF OF STUDENTS’ INSUFFICIENT MASTERY: • The National Achievement Test(NAT)for grade 6 in SY 2009-2010 passing rate is only 69.21%. Although this is already a 24% improvement over the SY 2005-2006 passing rate, further reforms are needed to achieve substantial improvement. • The NAT for high school is 46.38% in SY 2009-2010, a slight decrease from 47.40% in SY 2008-2009.
International test results like TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) rank the Philippines 34th out of38 countries in HS II Math and 43rdout of 46 countries in HS II Science; for grade 4, the Philippines ranked 23rd out of 25 participating countries in both Math and Science. In 2008, even with only the science high schools participating in the Advanced Mathematics category, the Philippines was ranked lowest.
WHERE ARE WE NOW? High school graduates, who are usually below 18 years old, lack basic competencies and maturity.
LACK COMPETENCY and MATURITY: • Too young to enter the work force; cannot legally enter into contracts. • Psychologists say children under 18 are not emotionally mature enough for entrepreneurship or employment. • Educators say children under 18 are not intellectually mature enough to handle higher education disciplines.
WHERE ARE WE NOW?Locally, only 6 of every 1,000 Grade 6 elementary students are prepared to enter high school.
WHERE ARE WE NOW?Only 2 of every 100 4th year high school graduates are fit for college.
Millions of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW) especially the professionals and those who intend to study abroad are at a disadvantage. WHERE ARE WE NOW?
- Our graduates are not automatically recognized as professionals abroad. The Washington Accord and the Bologna Accord prescribe 12 yrs of basic education for university admission.
The Philippines is the only remaining country in Asia with a 10-year pre-university program. Source: Adapted from SEAMEO-INNOTECH
Why Add Two Years? • Decongest and enhance the basic education curriculum • Better quality education for all
“We need to add two years to our basic education. Those who can afford, pay up to fourteen years of schooling before university. Thus, their children are getting into the best universities and the best jobs after graduation. I want at least 12 years for our public school children to give them an even chance at succeeding.” - President Benigno S. Aquino III
K+12 is not new.The proposal to expand the basic education dates back to 1925.
Monroe Survey (1925): Secondary education did not prepare for life and recommended training in agriculture, commerce, and industry.
UNESCO Mission Survey (1949): Recommended the restoration of Grade 7.Education Act of 1953: Primary course shall be from Grades I to IV and intermediate course is from Grade V to VII.
Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education (PCSPE) (1970): Implementation of an 11-year cycle; 6 years elementary and 5 years secondary.
Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) Report (1991): Recommended one of two alternatives: Seven years of elementary or Five years of secondary education.
Presidential Commission on Educational Reforms (2000): Proposed one-year pre-baccalaureate system that would bring the Philippines at par with other countries.
Philippine Education for All (EFA) 2015 National Action Plan: Adopt a longer cycle (i.e., 12-year) for formal basic education.
Presidential Task Force on Education (2008): On a 12-year pre-university program, it is important “to specify the content of the 11th and 12th years and benchmark these with programs abroad.
WHAT IS K+12? • K+12 means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and secondary education. • Kindergarten, 6 yrs Elem, 4 yrs Junior HS, 2 yrs Senior HS (K-6-4-2) • Kindergarten refers to the 5-year old children that takes a standardized kinder curriculum.
K+12 Education Vision • Graduates of Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program will: • acquire mastery of basic competencies. • be more emotionally mature. • be socially aware, pro-active, involved in public and civic affairs.
Graduates of Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program will: • be adequately prepared for the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. • be legally employable with potential for better earnings. • be globally competitive.
Studies in the Philippines have shown that an additional year of schooling increases individual earnings by 7.5%.
What Will the Society Gain from K+12? • K+12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth.
What Will the Society Gain from K+12? What Will the Society Gain from K+12? K+12 will facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.
What Will the Society Gain from K+12? • A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.
What Will the LGUs Benefit from K+12? EVERY GRADUATE A PRIDE OF THE LOCALITY • Increase employment locally and globally • Increase business enterprises • More entrepreneurs and investors • Improved family income • Improved LGU income
Senior High School Grades 11 to 12 (16-17 years old) How Do We Add the Two Years? Proposed Model: K-6-4-2 Model Junior High School Grades 7 to 10 (12-15 years old) Elementary School Grades 1 to 6 (6-11 years old) Kindergarten (5 years old)
What is Senior High School? • 2 years to consolidate academic skills and competencies and allow in-depth specialization for students depending on the occupation/career track they wish to pursue • Skills and competencies relevant to the job market
K+12: The Sagada Experience By Caroline J. Howard, ANC Posted at 10/09/2010 1:17 AM | Updated as of 10/13/2010 2:23 AM
Amid diverse and divergent views over efforts to implement a 12-year education program in the country, a school in a fifth class municipality in the Mountain Province may just be proof of how the plan can work.
In 2006, the St. Mary's School of Sagada implemented a 6-year high school program. This year, it topped the National Achievement Test for the second year in a row, besting 58 private and public schools in the Mountain Province.
The school authorities credit the school's 6-year high school program for earning the distinction.
"We topped the National Achievement Test twice in a row, including this year. The methodology is sound, my philosophy is sound, our teachers are doing a good job and it can be emulated across the country.
I don't buy the excuse that [it's because] we are private school. I think it's just the ability to reach out to the kids and understand them and see how they respond to positive teaching," says St. Mary's School of Sagada Principal Dennis Faustino.
"Six years ago, we were graduating 15- and 16-year-old students and they're bright, but they drop out of college, they shift, they don't know what to do yet so I added a fifth year," Faustino says.
"At the age of 16, if they don't have the capacity or ambition, or on a legal point, if they aren't employable until they're 18, why force them to go college?"
"We're not those elite schools. We're struggling for every little improvement we can make. We need to invest in this basic education program," adds Dean Jorge Bocobo, the school's math and science curriculum director.
"Majority of privatized schools are struggling now, and Education Secretary Armin Luistro appreciates there is a fruitful partnership that can occur between the private and public schools. And that's a key part of this strategy of the DepEd [Department of Education] which we are supporting," Bocobo says, adding he and Faustino work very closely with public elementary schools.
"There ought to be a track where people take 2 more years after the present system so they can gain gainful employment both here and abroad and have the competitive edge," adds Bocobo.
Faustino and Bocobo support the government's move to add two years to the education cycle, adding that it is long overdue.