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AUSTRALIA’S POPULATION INCREASE (LAST 12 MONTHS): \nAustralia’s annual growth rate is 1.8% which equates to 405,400 people over the last year. In 2008 net overseas migration was 459,904 (therefore population growth numbers in the last year were 54,504 less than they were 5 years ago). \nAnnual growth is comprised of two factors: natural increase (births minus deaths) and net overseas migration (permanent arrivals minus permanent departures). A permanent arrival is defined by someone living in Australia for 12 months or more (or 12 months over a 16 month period). The same time frames apply to permanent departures. \n59% of Australia’s population increase is through migration which was 241,000 people last year. In 2008 net overseas migration was 315,700 which equates to 74,700 fewer last year than 5 years ago. 41% of Australia’s population growth was through natural increase which was 164,400 people. \nNatural increase: 164,400 (41% of population growth) \nBirths: 310,600 \nDeaths: 146,200 \nNet overseas migration: 241,000 (59% of population growth) \nArrivals: 511,600 \nDepartures: 270,600 \nThe net overseas migration rate for the last decade has been hovering around 1% per annum (that is, it is the equivalent of about 1% of our population while the natural increase is equivalent to about 0.8% to our population). \n42% of those migrating are given permanent visas which was 101,230 in the last year. Therefore those given permanent visas account for 25% of Australia’s population growth. \nOf the net overseas migration, 58% are granted temporary visas (students, working holiday makers, visitors staying 12 months or more, 457 work visas), and 42% are granted permanent visas (skilled, family and humanitarian). \n20% of these are part of Australia’s humanitarian program- a total of 19,930 (with the remainder being skilled visas, 43%, and family visas, 37%), and so Australia’s humanitarian program accounts for 5% of Australia’s growth. \nOf the humanitarian visas, 63% are granted offshore (as part of the UNHCR program in operation, particularly in the Middle East, Africa and Asia), 12% are granted to existing visa holders who are already in Australia, and 25% are granted to people who have arrived into Australian territorial waters by boat and are processed in detention centres (a total of 4,949 in the last year). \nTherefore asylum seekers account for 1.2% of Australia’s population growth. \nImmigration Detention and Community Statistics Summary \n\nAs at 31 May 2014, there were 4016 people in immigration detention facilities, including 2779 in immigration detention on the mainland and 1237 in immigration detention on Christmas Island. \n\nOf these people in detention, 89% had arrived by boat (3566 people). The number in detention facilities currently is less than half the number that were in detention facilities a year ago (In May 2013 there were 8521).

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IMMIGRATION IN AUSTRALIA

POPULATION GROWTH, BOAT ARRIVALS & AUSTRALIA’S HUMANITARIAN PROGRAM

1.8%

POPULATION GROWTH RATE

405,400

PEOPLE OVER THE LAST YEAR

TOTAL GROWTH

405,400

Australia’s annual growth rate is 1.8%

which was an increase of 405,400 people

over the last year.

41% Natural increase

59% Overseas migration

OVERSEAS MIGRATION

241,000

OVERSEAS MIGRATION

59%

OF POP. GROWTH

59% of Australia’s population increase is

through migration which was 241,000

people last year. In 2008 net overseas

migration was 315,700 which means that

last year migration numbers were 74,700

fewer than 5 years ago. 41% of Australia’s

growth was through natural increase

which was 164,400 people.

59%OFTOTAL POPULATIONGROWTH

41% Natural increase

59% Overseas migration

34% Temporary visas

25% Permanent visas

PERMANENT VISAS

101,230

PERMANENT VISAS

25%

OF POP. GROWTH

Of the net overseas migration, 58% are

granted temporary visas (students,

working holiday makers, visitors staying

12 months or more, 457 work visas), and

42% are granted permanent visas (skilled,

family and humanitarian).

42%OFOVERSEASMIGRATION

41% Natural increase

59% Overseas migration

34% Temporary visas

25% Permanent visas

10.8% Skilled visas

9.2% Family visas

5.0% Humanitarian visas

HUMANITARIAN VISAS

19,930

HUMANITARIAN VISAS

5.0%

OF POP. GROWTH

20% of the permanent visas comprise

Australia’s humanitarian program, a total

of 19,930 (the rest are skilled visas, 43%

and family visas, 37%), and so Australia’s

humanitarian program accounts for 5% of

Australia’s population growth.

20% OFALLPERMANENTVISAS

ASYLUM SEEKERS

4,949

41% Natural increase

59% Overseas migration

34% Temporary visas

25% Permanent visas

10.8% Skilled visas

9.2% Family visas

5.0% Humanitarian visas

3.2% Ofshore visas

0.6% Existing visa holders

1.2% Asylum seekers by boat

Of the humanitarian visas, 63% are

granted ofshore, 12% are granted to

existing visa holders who are already in

Australia, and 25% (4,949) are granted to

people who have arrived into Australian

territorial waters by boat and are

processed in detention centres.

ASYLUM SEEKERS

1.2%

OF POP. GROWTH

Therefore asylum seekers

granted visas account for 1.2%

of Australia’s population growth.

25%OFALLHUMANITARIANVISAS

POPULATION GROWTH AND ASYLUM SEEKERS 2005 - 2014

TOTAL ARRIVALS BY BOAT

1.5% - 52,017

TOTAL POP. GROWTH

98.5% - 3,514,300

Even if every asylum seeker who arrived

by boat since 2005 (52,017) was granted

entry to Australia (and many have

returned voluntarily, others have been

deported, and still others are yet to have

their cases determined), the total number

when compared to Australia’s population

growth over this 9.5 year period

(3,514,300) would account for less than

1.5% of Australia’s population growth.

ASYLUM SEEKERS

1.5%

OF POP. GROWTH

c bMcCrindle 2014

researchvisualisation.com

Sources

Department of Immigration (immi.gov.au)

Australian Bureau of Statistics (abs.gov.au)

Parliamentary Library, Parliament of Australia

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

52,017 arrivals by boat between 2005 and mid 2014

9 weeks

of births

So total arrivals by boat over almost 10 years is the

equivalent of less than 9 weeks of Australian births.

308,100 births for 2013

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