Major Areas of Study • History of Psychology • States of Consciousness • Biological Basis of Behavior • Personality and Assessment • Learning • Motivation and Emotion • Psychological Disorders
Framework • How do we teach this so it’s relevant to our students? • How do we teach this so it’s respectful?
History of Psychology • The questions: why do we do what we do? Who are we, and why? What goes on inside our heads? • The classics: Freud, Jung, etc. • Before technology, they were doing their best • What do we believe today that the future will mock?
States of Consciousness • Theories about sleep cycles • Sleep Deprivation • Dream theories • Hypnosis
Biological Basis of Behavior • Structure of the Brain • Structure and function of neurons, nervous system • Neurons and synapses and dendrites—oh my! • Suddenly, you feel like a science teacher
The Brain • Genes to cognition
Neurotransmitters • Inhibit or transmit nerve impulses • Serotonin, epinephrine, dopamine, glutamate, etc. • Critical in understanding mood disorders, depression, hyperactivity, schizophrenia, and other psychological disorders
Lots can go wrong here • Not enough neurotransmitter made • Too much dissolved at synapse • Too much released • Too much absorbed by reuptake • Not enough released
Drug addiction • Cocaine inhibits dopamine reuptake • Methamphetamine suppresses production of dopamine and mimics natural production • Heroine and morphine mimic endorphins
The nerve system • Nerves hook up parts of the brain so they communicate • Major nerves responsible for several functions related to survival/fight or flight • Somatic and autonomic: what you can control and what you can’t • Sympathetic (run!) and parasympathetic (relax—that sound won’t kill you)
Endocrine System • Role of hormones in sex differentiation and development • How hormones affect behavior
Personality and Assessment • What do you mean, personality? • Personality “types” • How personality is assessed • How personality is formed
Learning • Classical and Operant Conditioning • Pavlov and Skinner • Learned helplessness • Short and long term learning • How we learn and remember • What interferes with learning and memory • The hippocampus and PTSD
Motivation and Emotion • What motivates us to do what we do? • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs—is it accurate? • What are the major emotions and why do we have them? How does the Limbic System of the brain regulate expression of emotion? • What is the role of the amygdala in developing and expressing emotions?
Psychological Disorders • Characteristics and examples of abnormal behavior • Methods for diagnosing abnormal behavior • DSM IV • Major categories: anxiety disorders, mood disorders, substance abuse, schizophrenia
How should we teach this? • Who says what is abnormal? • How should we treat people with disorders? • How do we stigmatize people? • What is the best way to help? • Social issues related to citizenship? • How are you going to teach this respectfully?