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WTO TRADE FACILITATION

WTO TRADE FACILITATION

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WTO TRADE FACILITATION

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  1. WTO TRADE FACILITATION Sheri Rosenow WTO Trade and Finance and Trade Facilitation Division

  2. Singapore Ministerial 1996 • CTG mandated to: undertake exploratory and analytical work . . . on the simplification of trade procedures to assess the scope for WTO rules in this area.

  3. Negotiations!!! • Clarify and improve V, VIII, X • SDT - Longer transition periods • No obligation for infrastructure • Identify needs and priorities • Technical Assistance & support WT/L/579-Annex D

  4. ARTICLE X TRANSPARENCY • Publication • Administration of laws • Appeals

  5. ARTICLE VIII FEE$ and FORMALITIES • Fees reflect cost for services rendered • Reduce # and kind of fees • Simplify formalities and documents • Minor penalty for minor errors

  6. ARTICLE V TRANSIT • most convenient routes • no discrimination • no unnecessary delays or restrictions • no duties

  7. Article V Article X Proposals Article VIII

  8. Proposals A-F A. Publication and availability of information B. Time periods between publication & implementation C. Consultation & comments- new & amended rules D. Advance rulings E. Appeal procedures F. Other measures to enhance impartiality and non-discrimination Secretariat Compilation of proposals TN/TF/W/43/Rev.? (highest number is most recent revision)

  9. Customs Valuation Agreementwithdrawal of goods in event of appeal If necessary to delay determination of customs value, the importer shall be able to withdraw goods from customs importer provides guarantee for payment of duties if required by legislation

  10. Trade regulations: Trade legislation Administrative guidelines Border processes - time Fees/charges Appeal procedures Agreements Advance rulings PSI activities Penalty provisions Internet Notification of trade regulations Enquiry points Other measures A - Publication Proposals

  11. The Memory Card Place card on forehead and think! Trademark SR Productions

  12. D – Advance Ruling • Written statement • Issued by specialists at Customs • Applies the law to specific facts • Binding

  13. F - Other Measures 1. Uniform administration of trade regulations 2. Integrity and ethical conduct • Code of conduct • Automation- reduce discretion • Penalties • Assistance for prevention of offenses • Staff for education and training • Coordination and control mechanisms

  14. G-L Fees &Formalities Customs G. FEES & CHARGES ON IMPORT/EXPORT H. FORMALITIES ON IMPORT/EXPORT I. CONSULARIZATION J. BORDER AGENCY COOPERATION K. RELEASE AND CLEARANCE OF GOODS L. TARIFF CLASSIFICATION

  15. G - FEE$ and CHARGE$ 1. General disciplines • Parameters for and review of fees • Publication/Notification of Fees • No collection of unpublished fees • Periodic review • Automated payment 2. Reduce/Minimize number/kind

  16. H – Import/Export Formalities • Non-discrimination • Periodic review • Reduction/Limitation • Use international standards • Uniform Customs Code • Use Commercial information/copies • Automation • Single window • No PSI • No mandatory customs brokers

  17. I - CON ULARIZATION Consulate

  18. K - RELEASE AND CLEARANCE OF GOODS • Expedited/Simplified Release and Clearance of Goods (a) Pre-arrival Clearance(b) Expedited Procedures for Express Shipments(c) Risk Management, Authorized Traders(d) Post-Clearance Audit(e) Separating Release from Clearance(f) Other Measures to Simplify Customs Release and Clearance 2. Establishment and Publication of Average Release and Clearance Times

  19. K (a) Pre-Arrival Clearance Documents filed Immediate release Customs processes

  20. K(b) EXPRESS CONSIGNMENTS UPS DHL • Separate expedited procedures • Data submitted prior to arrival of goods • Absence of weight or value restrictions • Rapid release • De minimis procedures FEDEX ARAMEX

  21. Scoring Points • 75 • 50 • 50 • 50 • 25 • 15 • 5

  22. K(d) Post-clearance audit Entry Declaration: 400 TVs Inventory records: 450 TV’s

  23. L - Objective Criteria for Tariff Classification Fiji Tariff Code Tariff No. Product description Duty Rate 0803.00.00Bananas, including plantains, 10% fresh or dried 0804.10.00‑Dates10% 0804.20.00‑Figs10% 0804.30.00‑Pineapples10% 0804:40.00‑Avocados10%

  24. M - Matters related to Transit • Strengthened Non-discrimination • Disciplines on Fees and Charges • Disciplines on Formalities and Document Requirements • Improved Coordination and Cooperation • Operationalization and Clarification of Terms

  25. M.2 - Disciplines on Fees and Charges • Publication of Fees/Charges & Prohibition of Unpublished • Periodic Review of Fees and Charges • More effective Disciplines on Charges for Transit • Periodic Exchange Between Neighbouring Authorities

  26. M.3. Disciplines on Transit Formalities and Documentation Requirements (a) Periodic Review(b) Reduction/Simplification(c) Use of international standards(d) Promotion of Regional Transit Arrangements(e) Simplified & Preferential Clearance for Certain Goods (f) Limitation of Inspections and Controls(g) Sealing(h) Cooperation/Coordination on Document Requirements(i) Monitoring(j) Bonded Transport Regime/Guarantees

  27. Other Proposals on Transit M. 4. Improved Coordination and Cooperation (a) Amongst Authorities (b) Between Authorities and the Private Sector M. 5. Operationalization and Clarification of Terms

  28. Progress of Proposals Generation 1- general ideas (Publication- W/6, W/7,W/8,W/17, W/26, W/30, W/32, W/45) Generation 2 - compilation of main ideas in generation 1 proposals (Publication- W/96) Generation 3 – draft text based on earlier proposals (Publication- W/114)

  29. OTHER ISSUES • Multilateral mechanism for exchange/handling of information • Needs assessment WTO Technical Assistance Program • Special and Differential Treatment

  30. Special and Differential Treatment Developed countries can treat developing countries more favorably than other WTO Members GATT Article XXXVI Enabling Clause

  31. Special & Differential Treatment Legally binding provisions: • precise, effective and operational • flexibile • implementation conditioned on TA and CB • effective, adequate, long-term, and sustainable • self identified projects Currently two 3rd Generation proposals (TN/TF/W/137 and TN/TF/W/142)

  32. Main Elements of Generation III

  33. What now? • Negotiations resume Members continue to submit and discuss proposals • Self assessment of needs – WTO Program using Annex D tool

  34. Up-to-date information WTO web-site: www.wto.org • Trade Facilitation • Trade Facilitation Technical Assistance and Capacity Building Trade facilitation documents: TN/TF/…

  35. WTO Trade Facilitation THANK YOU !