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Ascariasis? PowerPoint Presentation
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Ascariasis?

Ascariasis?

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Ascariasis?

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  1. Ascariasis? By: Harsh Patel

  2. Ascarislumbricoides • Life Cycle • Symptoms/Diagnosis • Epidemiology • Treatment/Prevention

  3. Life Cycle

  4. External Environment • Harmless • Unfertilized Egg • Non-Infective • Harmful • Fertilized Egg • Infective

  5. External Environment • Harmless • Unfertilized Egg • Non-Infective • Harmful • Fertilized Egg • Infective

  6. Enters the Host: Orally

  7. Journey through the Body • Stomach • Intestine • Blood Stream (Hepatic Portal Vein) • Liver, heart, Lungs • Pharynx • Intestine • Exits Body via Feces

  8. Symptoms • Asymptomatic • Coughing • Wheezing • Shortness of Breath • Vomiting • Stomach Pain • Malnutrition • Pneumonia

  9. Diagnosis • Bloody sputum • Vomiting worms • Worms in the Stool • Worms exiting through the nose or mouth • X-rays of abdomen or lungs • Malnutrition

  10. Prevalence of Ascariasis

  11. Water Quality Around the World

  12. Sanitation Around the World

  13. Poor Sewage Systems

  14. Drug Treatment • Albendazole • Decreases ATP production • Death • Dosage = 1 Tablet

  15. PPC (Partners for Parasite Control) • Reduced Drug Cost: • $0.20 to $0.02 per tablet • Reduce Intensity • Decrease worm count • Piggy-Backing • Using existing programs

  16. Prevention • Clean/Cooked Food • Good Hygiene • Adequate Sewage System • Boiled/Clean Water • Education

  17. Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albendazole • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascariasis • http://www.stanford.edu/group/esw/wiki/Ascaris • http://www.grida.no/publications/vg/water2/page/3233.aspx • http://site.ebrary.com.libproxy.lib.unc.edu/lib/uncch/docDetail.action?docID=10053295 • http://www.parasitology.com/worms/index.html • http://www.stanford.edu/group/parasites/ParaSites2002/ascariasis/index.html • http://postconflict.unep.ch/sudanreport/sudan_website/index_photos_2.php?key=water%20pollution • http://syafiqhusni.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/ascari.jpg • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/15/Mebendazole.png • http://www.transpharma.com/images/prod_structures/albendazole.jpg • http://www.marinebuzz.com/2008/03/22/world-water-day-focuses-on-sanitation/ • http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/stomach/ascariasis.html • http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/ascaris/factsht_ascaris.htm • http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/ascariasis/en/ • http://www.cytochemistry.net/cell-biology/tub1a.jpg • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hepatic_portal_vein • http://www.healthscout.com/ency/1/000628sym.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albendazole • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mebendazole • http://www.yteach.com/page.php/resources/view_all?id=cyst_disease_eosinophil_fluke_Giardia_lamblia_histamina_human_health_immune_system_infection_infectious_disease_life_cycle_of_malaria_mast_cell_parasite_parasitic_infections_Plasmodium_protozoan_Schistosoma_sexual_reproduction_Trematoda_worm_t_page_18&from=search • http://www.who.int/wormcontrol/statistics/control_strategy/en/index.html • http://www.watermissions.org/no-hygiene