Audiology • Audire (to hear) + logos (the study of) • Term coined in the 1930s. • Profession became prominent after World War II. • Raymond Carhart: Founder of Audiology
Audiologist • “An audiologist is a trained professional who measures hearing loss and can fit hearing aids” (http://www.nchearingloss.org/audiolo.htm ) • “An individual who, by virtue of academic degree, clinical training, and license to practice and/or professional credential, is uniquely qualified to provide a comprehensive array of professional services related to the assessment and habilitation/rehabilitation of persons with auditory and vestibular impairments, and to the prevention of these impairments” (American Acedemy of Audiology, 1997)
Qualifications • Initally, Bachelor’s degree • Then, Master’s. • Currently, AuD. (Doctor of Audiology)
Professional organizations • ASHA: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (Established in 1927) • AAA: American Academy of Audiology (founded in 1988)
Prevalence of hearing loss • Around 31 million Americans affected (AAA website www.audiology.org). • Nearly 13 million over the age of 65 will be affected by year 2015. • 90% of American children under 6 years have had at least one ear infection (NIDCD, 1992). • Six out of 1000 children born with hearing impairment.
Specialties of Audiology • Medical • Educational • Pediatric • Rehabilitative • Industrial