Gender - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Gender
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Gender

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  1. Gender

  2. Gender • Gender is another category of classifying humans reflecting not just biological, but also social differences between men and women • Social concepts of what is “masculine” and what is “feminine” vary across space and time • Gender has received a great deal of attention from cultural geographers in the past three decades • Gender implies a socially created difference in power between groups • Gives an advantage to males over females • Plays out differently in different parts of the world • South Asia

  3. South Asia • In South Asia, gender is greatly complicated by class such that among the poor, women bear the greatest social and economic burden and the most suffering • South Asia is intensely patriarchal • India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh • Common denominators • Constant responsibilities • Motherhood, household • Work in informal sector jobs • Lack of property rights • Public behavior restricted • Education limited • Participation in waged labor force is limited • Education opportunity for young girls is improving

  4. India

  5. 2012 Global Gender Gap Index

  6. Gender Gap • The Gender Gap refers to the differences in social, economic, and political power and opportunity between men and women

  7. Gender Gap • Patterns related to the Gender Gap • High maternal mortality rates • Death rates among women giving birth • Indicate that women in poorer regions are 100 to 600 times more likely to die giving birth than are women in wealthier countries • High female infanticide rates • Murder of female infants • Dowry deaths • Occurs when a bride is murdered by her husband’s family because her father failed to pay her dowry • Lack of enfranchisement • Gender imbalances • Occur where men outnumber women • China, India

  8. Gender Imbalance • Gender empowerment index • Measures the degree of balance between male and female equity in society • These measurements are often used in assessing a country’s level of development • The more parity between men and women = the high the level of the country’s development

  9. Keys to improvement of Gender Gap • Education • When girls receive an education there is an improvement in all faucets of life • Suffrage • Lack of discrimination • Job opportunities • Gender empowerment • Population changes