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Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong “Supreme Directives” PowerPoint Presentation
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Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong “Supreme Directives”

Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong “Supreme Directives”

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Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong “Supreme Directives”

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  1. Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong “Supreme Directives”

  2. “Chairman Mao is the red sun in our hearts”

  3. Mao Zedong Domestic Policy Establishing the New Order

  4. Threat of invasion Counter revolution Previous 100 years of conflict No governmental structure Initial Challenges

  5. Controlling the Provinces • First objective to restore strong central control • Local flexibility and initiative within a framework of central guidance • In 1949 group the provinces into large regions • In 1954 these regions were replaced by the provinces • Large regions were re-introduced in 1961, provinces re-introduced 1968

  6. Controlling the Provinces • Relationship between central authority and the regions problematic • Purges of local leaders frequent • Central leadership dependent on loyalty of local leadership

  7. Rectification campaigns • Campaign against foreigners • Campaign against counter-revolutionaries • Three Anti Campaign • Five Anti Campaign

  8. “political power grows out of the barrel of a gun” Army and the party indistinguishable Army was renamed the PLA The military maintained interaction with the party PLA flag, 1 August 1927 Controlling the Military

  9. Debate between Mao and Peng Dehuai Peng wanted the army to be apolitical Mao insisted the army should remain political An army that is cherished and respected by the people, and vice versa, is a nearly invincible force. The army and the people must unite on the grounds of basic respect. Peng’s downfall 1959 Party-Army Relations

  10. Lin Biao • LinBiao replaced Peng as Minister of Defence • Followed Mao’s line • Mao did not retain operational control over the military • The military remained a significant power