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Progressive Era Labor Reforms

Progressive Era Labor Reforms

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Progressive Era Labor Reforms

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  1. Progressive EraLabor Reforms Jasmine, Sammi, Tommy http://homestake.sdsmt.edu/Photos/Historical/Open%20Cut%20miners%20late%201800's.jpg

  2. CAUSES • Bad conditions • Low wages • Kids working instead of school • Long hours http://businessesgrow.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/factory-workers.jpg

  3. GOALS • Better wages • Limit on amount of hours • Better conditions • Specific age for kids to begin work http://www.foodproductiondaily.com/var/plain_site/storage/images/publications/food-beverage-nutrition/foodproductiondaily.com/financial/flawed-eu-directive-abuses-food-production-staff-wages/8425181-1-eng-GB/Flawed-EU-Directive-abuses-food-production-staff-wages_strict_xxl.jpg

  4. Lochner vs. New York • April 17th, 1905 case • An overworked employer at a baker filed a complaint • Lochner - $50 fine or 50 nights in jail • Attempted to appeal • Gov’t used this case as an example to all future cases. https://mstartzman.pbworks.com/f/1265249449/con0035.gif http://grovesapush.wikispaces.com/file/view/con0208.gif/301850816/con0208.gif

  5. Muller vs. Oregon • September 4, 1905 • Curt Muller required Mrs. E. Gotcher to work more than 10 hours • Went against state law • Muller was indicted, convicted, and fined $10.00 • Appealed to Supreme Court • Used Lochner decision in this case • Conviction was upheld

  6. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-VaIKaH3_2CM/ULiFuGNGKeI/AAAAAAAAHg0/X5EEyzjBZbs/s400/jones-mother.jpghttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/-VaIKaH3_2CM/ULiFuGNGKeI/AAAAAAAAHg0/X5EEyzjBZbs/s400/jones-mother.jpg Mother Jones • Traveled the nation speaking for coal miners and textile industry • Speeches easily disturbed people 1913 Colorado coal mine strike – • Joined the strike in early fall, December, January • Arrested, smuggled a letter out to the public http://imgc.allpostersimages.com/images/P-473-488-90/37/3726/F8PAF00Z/posters/mother-jones-mary-harris-jones-1920s.jpg

  7. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Florence_Kelley_cph.3b20591.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Florence_Kelley_cph.3b20591.jpg Florence Kelley • Another leader in the work and labor reform • Joined Jane Adams hull house and in 1891 • The new law also limited working hours for women. • The governor put Kelly in charge of enforcing the law. • She earned a law degree so shecould take action on prosecute for people in need. • Became general secretary of the national consumers league in 1899. • Founded the national child labor committee. • Founded national child labor committee

  8. http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_7WUH16VSwd4/TKPv33BjaGI/AAAAAAAABo4/6cdrNo33nr0/s1600/child+labor.jpghttp://4.bp.blogspot.com/_7WUH16VSwd4/TKPv33BjaGI/AAAAAAAABo4/6cdrNo33nr0/s1600/child+labor.jpg Child labor laws • Children started work in factories at ages as young as 5 • Since ancient times children have worked to support there families • In 1802 the British parliament passed the first law regulating child labor • In 1836 Massachusetts passed the first child labor laws in USA • The first federal child labor law Passed in 1916 by U.S Congress the keating-owen child labor act http://andymacdonald.typepad.com/.a/6a011169017d50970c017d3bcccb6c970c-320wi

  9. Dept. of Labor • 1913 Woodrow Wilson creates separate Department of Labor • Led to Keating-Owen Act being passed • Adamson Act • Workmen’s Compensation Act • Enforcement of new laws was responsibility of Dept. of Labor • Aided workers along with businesses http://www.dol.gov/owcp/energy/regs/compliance/PolicyandProcedures/finalbulletinshtml/Bulletin_03-01.gif

  10. Present day conditions • Min. wage per hour $7.25 • Specific amount of hours you can work depending on a job. • Overtime must be paid • Starting age to work – 16-18 (depending on the job) http://mediad.publicbroadcasting.net/p/wkyu/files/201404/minimumwage.jpg

  11. Cited work • Beaubouef, Bruce A. "Creation of the U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor." Great Events from History: The Twentieth Century. Ipswich, MA: Salem, 2007. N. pag. Salem History. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. • Brody, David. "Brody, David. "child Labor." World Book Student. World Book,2014 Web. 2 October 2014." N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web. • Brody, David. "Brody, David. "child Labor." World Book Student. World Book,2014 Web. 2 October 2014." N.p.: n.p., n.d. Web. • Brody, David. "Child labor." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. • Cassanello, Robert. "Muller v. State of Oregon." St. James Encyclopedia of Labor History Worldwide. Ed. Neil Schlager. Vol. 1. Detroit: St. James, 2004. 650-54. Gale. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. • "Florence Kelly." Merriam Webster's Biographical Dictionary. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1995. Biography in Context. Web. 7 Oct. 2014. • Ivers, Gregg. "Lochner v. New York." World Book Student. World Book, 2014. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. • "Lochner v. New York 1905." Supreme Court Drama: Cases That Changed America. Ed. A Walton Litz, et al. Vol. 4: Business Law/Federal Powers and Seperation of Powers/Federalism & State Powers/Labor & Labor Practices/Military Law/Native Americans/Taxation. Detroit: UXL, 2001. 1003-1009. U.S. History In Context. Web. 2 Oct. 2014. • Maggard, Sally Ward. "Mother Jones." Great Lives from History: The Twentieth Century. Ed. F. Gorman Robert. 10 vols. Salem Press, 2008. Salem History Web. 06 Oct. 2014. • ""Mother Jones." Contemporary Heroes and Heroines. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 1992. Biography in Context. Web. 6 Oct. 2014." N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Web.