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Food Systems and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa PowerPoint Presentation
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Food Systems and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Systems and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Food Systems and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa

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  1. Food Systems and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa Per Pinstrup-Andersen Cornell University Presentation at the UN Headquarters in New York and Organized by the UN University Office in New York November 12, 2010

  2. Life Expectancy Source: HDR 2006

  3. Under Five Mortality Rate(per 1000) Source: HDR 2006

  4. Prevalence of Underweight in Preschool Children? Source: UNICEF 2006

  5. Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Source: UNICEF 2006

  6. Health and Nutrition Food Systems Health and Nutrition

  7. A Food System

  8. Food System HH Incomes - level - fluctuations - composition - control Relative Prices Time Allocation Care, Breastfeeding Preferences HH and Individual Behavior Health Status

  9. Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Food Systems Health Status

  10. Deaths Associated with Malnutrition

  11. The Triple Burden of Malnutrition: • Energy and protein deficiencies: Hunger • Specific nutrient deficiencies: Hidden Hunger • Excessive net energy intake: Overweight & Obesity

  12. Hunger Prevalence in Sub-Saharan Africa Source: FAO 2006

  13. Change in the Number of Hungry People in SSA Countries Source: FAO 2006

  14. Food Systems Health Status Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  15. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  16. Agricultural Diversity On-Farm Consumption Availability in Local Markets Relative Prices Diet Diversity Health and Nutrition

  17. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  18. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  19. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Zoonotic Pathogens Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  20. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Zoonotic Pathogens Drugs and Medicinal Plants Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  21. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Zoonotic Pathogens Drugs and Medicinal Plants Occupational Hazards Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  22. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Zoonotic Pathogens Drugs and Medicinal Plants Occupational Hazards HIV/AIDS Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  23. Production and Processing Systems Health Status Food Systems Water-borne Diseases Interactions Between Food Systems and Human Health Energy and Nutrient Balance Growth Retardation Reduced Disease Resistance Anemia Blindness Chronic Diseases Toxins and Allergens Zoonotic Pathogens Drugs and Medicinal Plants Occupational Hazards HIV/AIDS Food Safety Water Safety Sanitation Hygiene Indoor Air Pollution • Contamination • Microbial • Chemical • Toxic Metals

  24. Challenges to Achieve Intersectoral Collaboration • Single-sector orientation of: • Policy making institutions • Funding • Training • Research • No incentive to focus on intersectoral issues • Sector-specific paradigms

  25. Challenges to Achieve Intersectoral Collaboration(Continued) • Competition between sectors • Complexity and capacity constraints Source: von Braun, Ruel and Gillespie (Chapter 14)

  26. Suggested Action • Health-oriented food systems research and policy • Biofortification • Host-plant resistance • IPM, ecological production methods • Health implications of added chemicals post harvest • Socio-economic and political economy analyses on trade-offs and multiple-wins • Apply most appropriate research methods

  27. Suggested Action(Continued) • Institutional changes • Inter-sectoral problem solving institutions • Multidisciplinary training