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Student Loans 201: Repayment Options

Student Loans 201: Repayment Options

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Student Loans 201: Repayment Options

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  1. Student Loans 201: Repayment Options Revised 9/2013

  2. Agenda

  3. Student Loans: FFELP vs. Direct

  4. Student Loans

  5. Student Loans: NSLDS Retrieve your student loan data from the National Student Loan Data System. nslds.ed.gov

  6. Student Loans: Servicers LOAN SERVICER What does a loan servicer do? Keep your contact info up to date with your loan servicer and make sure to monitor communication so you don’t miss important updates about your loans.

  7. Student Loans: Loan Servicer vs. Financial Aid Office Who do I contact for what?

  8. Student Loans: Servicers Remember that repayment can also be triggered if you stop going to school or drop below ½-time credits The Dept of Ed may or may not assign you a loan servicer. It could also happen multiple times.

  9. Agenda

  10. Rights • Copies of your promissory notes • Loan disbursement notification • Loan disclosure statement • Repayment schedule • Grace period • Deferment or forbearance • Prepay without penalty • Notification if loan is sold or transferred (FFELP) • Consolidate loans • Notification when loan is paid in full

  11. Responsibilities • Pay back your loan in full • Stay informed about: • Loan balances • Payment amounts • Notify your loan servicer: • Name or contact info changes • Graduation, leaving school, transferring to another school or dropping below half-time enrollment • Trouble with loan payments

  12. Agenda

  13. Responsibilities: Repayment Terms

  14. Repayment: Overview

  15. Repayment: Overview DIRECT LOAN repayment options

  16. Repayment: Overview FFEL repayment options

  17. Repayment: $40,000 Loan

  18. Repayment: Standard • Fixed monthly payments • Minimum repayment amount of $50/month • Maximum 10-year repayment period • Borrower pays least interest ** Assumes 3.86% interest rate

  19. Repayment: Graduated • Payments increase over time • Minimum repayment amount of $25/month • Repayment period: 10-30 years • Loan term depends on amount borrowed ** Assumes 3.86% interest rate

  20. Repayment: Income-Contingent • Payments based on income, family size, loan debt • Reapply annually • Minimum repayment amount of $5/month • Loan balance discharged after 25 years • Parent PLUS and FFELP ineligible

  21. Repayment: Extended • Borrowers with over $30K in student loans • 25-year maximum repayment term • Either fixed or graduated payments ** Assumes 3.86% interest rate

  22. Repayment: Income-Based • Payments based on income, family size, loan debt • Parent PLUS and Perkins ineligible • Borrower applies annually • Must repay all eligible loans under this plan • Loan balance discharged after 25 years

  23. Repayment: Pay As You Earn • Available for those considered “new borrowers” as of 10/1/07 and received a loan disbursement on or after 10/1/11 • Payments capped at 10% of discretionarymonthly income • Borrower must have a partial financial hardship to qualify • Parent PLUS and Perkins ineligible • Borrower applies annually • Loan balance discharged after 20 years

  24. Repayment: Income-Sensitive • FFELP borrowers only • Payments between 4-25% of gross monthly income • Minimum payment must cover interest • Repayment period may be over 10 years • Borrower must reapply annually

  25. Repayment: $40,000 Loan

  26. Repayment: Pick a Plan • Contact your servicer to get information on available repayment plans. • Use repayment calculators to see what you might have to pay with each plan. • Compare the planes to determine which plan fits you best. You can switch plans if you need to! Which plan do I pick?

  27. Repayment: Consolidation • Direct (current) • Consolidates all federal student loans into one big loan • Interest rate the “weighted average” of all loans • Same repayment options as Federal Direct • May reduce monthly payments • Consolidating PLUS loans negates eligibility for income-based repayment plans Consolidation may lower monthly loan payments.

  28. Repayment: Student Loan Interest Deduction • Up to $2500 of student loan interest • Considered an “adjustment” on federal taxes • Can claim only if you • Are not a dependent • Filing status is not married filing separately

  29. Agenda

  30. Contingency: Delinquency & Default • Delinquency • Being late making payments or missing payments • Begins the first day after the payment is missed • May negatively affect borrower’s credit rating • Allows the lender to charge interest on unpaid interest • Lender may charge late fees • Default • Being delinquent for 9 months • Entire loan balance may be demanded • Wages and tax refunds can be garnished • Will have to pay late fees and collection costs • Negatively affects credit rating for 7 years • Denied future financial aid

  31. Contingency: Options

  32. Contingency: Deferment Programs ** Unlimited duration while continuing to serve on active duty. Extended periods of deferment are available to borrowers after demobilization.

  33. Contingency: Unlimited Deferment Options

  34. Contingency: Limited Deferment Options

  35. Contingency: Forbearance • Temporary reduction or suspension of payments • Unpaid interest capitalized • Mandatory • National Service • Applying for loan forgiveness • Teaching in areas that qualify you for loan forgiveness • Payments at or over 20% of monthly income • Up to three years TO DO: Contact your loan servicer about your deferment or forbearance eligibility. Follow your servicer’s instructions to apply for deferment or forbearance. Make scheduled payments until your deferment/forbearance status is confirmed.

  36. Contingency: Forgiveness

  37. Contingency: Forgiveness • Borrowers must repay their loans using a qualified repayment plan • Standard • Income-contingent • Income-based • Pay As You Earn • The Standard Consolidation Plan is NOT an eligible repayment plan for ANY type of loan forgiveness • Borrowers who consolidate their loans must request an income-driven repayment plan for those loans

  38. Contingency: Discharge

  39. Contingency: In Delinquency • SO NOW WHAT? • Contact the servicer • Work out a payment schedule with the servicer • Ask servicer for a statement showing when payments were made • Direct Loans: contact the Student Loan Ombudsman • FFELP: contact your guarantor

  40. Contingency: In Default • Consolidation • Borrower eligible for new loans, grants, deferments • No longer listed as in default on credit records, but default will remain on credit history for seven years • Can choose income-based or income-contingent repayment • Rehabilitation • Have to make nine on-time payments in ten months • Loan moved from default status after 9 months • Default moved off credit record • Eligible for new loans and grants

  41. Summary • You have many different tools and repayment options • Pick a repayment plan that works for your budget • Ask for help if you need it • Know your borrower rights and responsibilities • Stay in contact with your loan servicer

  42. Resources • Studentaid.gov – Federal Student Aid Website • Student Loan Ombudsman • FAFSA • Types of Aid • Loans • Repayment Plans • Finaid.org • Studentloanborrowerassistance.org • IRS.gov • Your loan servicer