Law that made it illegal to settle West of the Appalachian Mountains. • The British wanted to avoid costly wars with the Native Americans.
This act raised revenue by increasing duties on sugar imported from the West Indies. • Many colonists began smuggling in sugar from the West Indies
This act made it illegal to print paper money. • It also required that all colonial debts to England be paid in Gold or Silver.
This act made it compulsory for citizens to house and feed British soldiers at their own expense. • This act caused a large military presence in Boston and New York.
This required tax stamps on many items and documents including playing cards, newspapers, and marriage licenses.
The colonists and British soldiers openly clashed in Boston. This event was used as an example of British cruelty despite questions about how it actually occurred. • At the end, 5 colonists were killed in this bloody clash.
Punishment from the Boston Tea Party • Port of Boston is closed • Allow only 1 town meeting per year • British officials charged with a crime return to England for trial • New harsher Quartering Act
In response to the Intolerable Acts, 12 of the 13 colonies met in Philadelphia from September-October, 1774. One of the main results of this was the creation of The Association calling for a boycott of British goods.
The “shot heard round the world” • Paul Revere & William Dawes warned colonists that “The British are coming” • Minutemen faced British soldiers • Ended the hope of an agreement with Britain
All 13 colonies were represented at this meeting in Philadelphia beginning May. The colonists still hoped that their grievances would be met by King George III. George Washingtonwas named head of the Continental Army. • In that same year, rebels launched an attack on Quebec. They thought that if Quebec could be conquered, then all of the North American colonies could be pitted against Britain. • The campaign failed; however, the attack made Britain even angrier at the colonies.
This major victory for the Colonists resulted in George III proclaiming the colonies in rebellion. • This battle also proved that the colonies could win a war against Great Britain.
Written by Thomas Jefferson • In this statement, the colonies stated that they were free and independent of British control. • The colonists were no longer fighting for their rights as English citizens – they would be fighting for their freedom as citizens of a separate country.
Directions – Matching Game • Match each event, act or law to its corresponding description. • If you want to take a picture with your phone of each one go ahead. • If you are brave you can try to put them in chronological order.