GEF India Monitoring Strategy Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of India
Introduction • The Global Environment Facility (GEF), established in 1991, an independent financial mechanism provides grants to developing countries and economies in transition for projects that benefit the global environment and promote sustainable livelihoods • India is a founder member of GEF. It is both a donor and recipient of GEF funds
Focal Points • Union Ministry of Environment & Forests is the designated GEF operational Focal point for coordination and operational matters • The Department of Economic Affairs, is the designated GEF political Focal point for policy and government related issues.
Monitoring &Evaluation-The Concept • Success of any programme depends on the correct M&E strategy But what is Monitoring? • Means: To check progress, watch, track, find relative position….. • Answers questions like: What progress have we made, where are the problems, How far have we gone, How much more to go….. • When done: ongoing, regular intervals • Who does it: Project Director, Project staff, external stakeholder........usually internal to project
Evaluation • Means: To find what project has achieved against promise • Answers questions like: Have we delivered what we set out, How well have we done, where we could have done better • When done: Usually end of project, sometimes mid-term. Always during specific mile stone periods • Who Does it: Mainly external
Present scenario • In all GEF projects monitoring and evaluation is a mandatory requirement • There are 2 project evaluations: Mid-term and Terminal evaluations • The progress of the project is monitored by the concerned GEF agencies, concerned Government agencies, National Steering Committee and PMU – comprising of National Project Director and National Project Coordinator, at a regular level. • Ministry of Environment and Forests being the GEF Operational Focal Point has been monitoring the progress of these projects on case to case basis.
Approach-M&E Strategy VISION -- WHAT MISSION -- HOW AND WHEN STRUCTURE -- WHEN AND WHERE EXECUTION } Asking the questions MONITORING } -- mentioned above will lead to EVALUATION } giving correct answers for making mid-course corrections in project implementation.
Concerns • Under RAF, India has received an allocation of USD 29.6 million for biodiversity and USD 74.9 million for climate change. • Some of our projects are moving slow. • Future GEF RAF allocations depends on country’s project portfolio performance.
The Focus • On Monitoring rather than on Evaluation following the principle of Result Based Management Framework • The Government of India favours evaluation of programmes or sub programmes on a need basis • The Strategy will adhere to the GEF M&E Policy, GEF Ethical norms, Tracking Tools, indicators on Capacity Building etc in consonance with the policies of Government of India .
The Objective • Principle: Management, Monitoring and Learning. • While building upon the ongoing monitoring efforts of the GEF agencies and Project Management Unit, the GEF Cell at MoEF will focus upon: • Keeping a watch on project performance from GEF and national perspective, at different stages. • Developing a knowledge management strategy • Linking the performance of individual GEF projects with the overall performance of the GEF India project portfolio on the principle of Result Based Management Framework. • To make GEF investments in India sustainable and strategic in meeting the overall goal of national development.
Changing roles • With the finalization and adoption of the Monitoring strategy for GEF India, MoEF will move from ‘approval’ to ‘result oriented’ culture’ – working closely with the projects and the concerned stakeholders.
Tracking the Portfolio • Develop a baseline on the status and performance of the projects by visiting the projects and meeting the concerned stakeholders. • Developing a national tracking system, wherein the projects could be monitored on a quarterly basis through means like attending PSC, reports of PMU, visiting project sites etc. • Online repository for distilling lessons learned • Integrating monitoring culture into training programs, communications and outreach programs.
Role of Focal Points in M&E • It is extremely important for the Focal Points to participate in and be informed of M&E for successful implementation of programmes. How should they do it: • Listening • Experimenting • Documenting – good practices & failures • Periodic Reviewing & Analysing • Reflecting • Identifying grey areas • Addressing constraints and problems
Challenges • Constraints in understanding of the linkages between the global and local benefits • Limited ownership • Lack of capacity to implement and monitor GEF projects • Limited awareness of GEF program, opportunities and procedures for submission of proposals-