360 likes | 597 Vues
Kirkwood Soccer Club. Coaches Handbook Ages u10-13. United States Soccer Federation USSF National and Olympic Teams. US Soccer Hierarchy. American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) Soccer Association for Youth (SAY). United States Youth Soccer Association (USYSA)
E N D
Kirkwood Soccer Club Coaches Handbook Ages u10-13
United States Soccer Federation USSF National and Olympic Teams US Soccer Hierarchy American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) Soccer Association for Youth (SAY) United States Youth Soccer Association (USYSA) 55 State Associations, 4 Regions 5 Million Registered Players US Club Soccer -Super Y Kirkwood Soccer Club KSC - Registration - Coaches Association - Insurance (player, league, tournament) - Coaches Education - Top Soccer - Olympic Development - State run Tournaments - Risk Management
Why Coach? 1- Former Player 2- Parent getting Involved 3- Passion for Soccer 4- Default WHICH ONE ARE YOU?
Player Development Philosophy Resource for Coaching Education Motivate YOU to continue your coaching education Empower YOU with resources for future self-education Purpose of Handbook
Respect the Sport Respect the Club Respect the Player, the individual Encourage individual responsibility Create an challenging environment Promote Fair Play Follow a code of player/coach conduct Ensure safety at all times Provide constant communication with both player and parent in terms of education and development Always seek to learn from and within the game of SOCCER KSC Coaching Principles
Positive Role Model Treat all players with respect Treat each player as a unique individual Encourage players to ask questions and express feelings Have patience and understanding Demonstrate responsibility to the game, opponents, officials etc Empathy & Understanding Players participate for different reasons Age/Maturity differences Serve as a Facilitator Control conditions and environment for learning Enthusiastic, demanding, motivating, and positive! Sandwich technique = PRAISE / CRITICISM / PRAISE Appropriate activities – challenging and exciting/fun Objective – passes, spacing, goals, movement etc Role of the Coach
The 4 Pillars of the Game Technical Ability to consistently manipulate the ball successfully. What the player is able to do with the ball. Physical a) Speed. b) Endurance. c) Strength. d) Flexibility. e) Agility. f) Aerobic – with oxygen. g) Anaerobic – with oxygen. Tactical Game Insight or Game Instinct. Decision-making. a) Individual (1 v 1). b) Group (2 v 2 ) or (7 v 7). c) Team (8 v 8) or (11 v 11). Psychological a) Age specific. b) Sex. c) Training rhythm. d) Motivation, enthusiasm, determination, ability to deal with set-back, etc. e) Individual vs. team.
How Do Players Learn? They receive information and process it in order of importance. (LISTEN) They block out unnecessary cues – attend to the most important. (FOCUS) They concentrate on the execution of decisions they have made. (DECIDE) They initiate the execution of mechanics from that decision. (DO IT) Coaches should talk to players in a language that players will understand.
INSTRUCTING The communication of knowledge is the sole purpose of education. Our method of translating knowledge needs to be effective and attuned to the PLAYER and the TEAM.
INSTRUCTING • Provide clearly defined goals (objectives, targets, rules, etc.). • Overriding – Generalized or total application, i.e., the transition to a positive mentality towards shooting. • Specific – Play of pressuring defender. When you win the ball can you play it forward immediately? • Provide information in a logical progression. • Correct sequence – simple to complex – general to specific. • Feedback about performance. • Should be specific and address what is happening in game and in practice. • Corrections – addressing the group as well as the individual.
Training Progression 1. Warm-up - Lack of pressure from opponent. Pressure from ball and imposed demands. 2. Small Sided Activity - Introduce pressure / some elements may not be realistic. Does not have to be directional. 3. Expanded Small Sided Activity – close to the “big picture.” Directional. 4. Match Conditions – Game, with all rules (5v5 includes GK’s).
Economical Training and SAID Principle Economical Training: combining as many of the pillars of soccer in one activity as possible. Specificity of Training S – Specific A – Adaptations I – Imposed D – Demands • All training should be specific to the technical, tactical, physical and psychological demands of the game and the principles of the game. • Soccer training must replicate the game – what is done in training must be what happens in the game. • To be fit to play soccer, training must be specific to the needs and demands of actual competition.
Preview What are you going to coach? Why? Purpose? Time When? Frequency? Weekly/Seasonal? Explanation Explain why Explain rules/organization Paint a Picture = “Show it – Talk it – Do it” Elements of Practice Organization – size, space, numbers, equipment, realistic to game? Create a “Transition Zone” – blocks distractions, fun, creates a positive tone for practice Methods
The Freeze Method • A technical freeze • allows the coach to correct incorrect technique and is coach directed. • demonstrate proper technique and have the player rehearse the technique. • A tactical freeze • is often coach directed, but can benefit from guided questions as well. e.g., “we are giving the ball away coming out of the back, how can we prevent that from happening?” • The tactical freeze should be reserved for “big picture” situations involving several players. Optimally, the play should be “frozen” just as the situation presents itself. e.g., as the defenders should be “stepping” to the ball. • Technique should still be addressed when appropriate.
Phase Coaching • First Phase • Identify coaching moment • Address technical breakdown or positive execution • Demonstrate proper technique and have the player rehearse the technique • Rehearse technique with player • Re-Start • Second Phase Coaching • The second phase is reserved for “big picture” situations involving several players • Address First Phase Element • Address Decision of individual player • Demonstrate options, eg switch fields, overlaps et al. • Rehearse “big picture” • Re-Start
Are today’s coaches empowering our players, or are they encouraging a coaching dependency? Over-coaching is when your players look at you for every move. Under-coaching is when your players can’t find you. Dr. Ron Quinn
Training Format In an effort to improve our Technical Speed, it is imperative WE begin to teach our players how to handle the ball under pressure. Begin with teaching technique in a dynamic fashion. • Dynamic Technical Training is defined by learning the aspects/ intricacies of passing/receiving/dribbling while in motion. NO static standing!!!
Fundamentals of Coaching Preparation • Organization- Pre-planned. What is the topic/ theme of the session? How players are active? How many balls, cones, vests, & field space? What is the player setup? What are the dimensions of the field? Where is the best coaching position? What are the rules of the exercise? What are the coaching points of the session?
Fundamentals of Coaching Preparation • When coaching we must: Plan Prepare Organize Coach Evaluate This process needs to occur with long-term development as our goal. Two questions we need to ask ourselves, where are they now? Where do we want to take them?
Individual/ Group Technical Warm-up This is the first stage of the training session: It should carry some common thread to the overall theme of training. The idea behind this stage is to get the body warm and the mind prepared to perform the desired techniques necessary for the session. It is imperative to include functional technical exercises into the warm-up. Look to develop the technical speed of your players. What is Technical Speed can be defined in two ways: Speed of mental acquisition – choosing the surface of reception/ pass before the ball arrives based upon the surroundings Speed of technical execution – the application of mental acquisition. The speed by which a player can execute his/her thoughts. Training Format
In an effort to improve our Technical Speed, it is imperative WE begin to teach our players how to handle the ball under pressure. Begin with teaching technique in a dynamic fashion. Dynamic Technical Training is defined by learning the aspects/ intricacies of passing/receiving/dribbling while in motion. NO static standing!!! Small/ Large Group Functional Exercise(s) This is the middle of the session, the “meat”, the “substance”. The theme of the session is expressed and instructed. The format can be two forms: Small to Large Group functional exercises- defined as groups of 4-6 players then to 8 or more. Large Group functional exercises- defined as 8 or more players. Training Format
Keys to Functional Exercises The exercises should include some form of opposition (players, time, touches) The exercises should be specific to functions/roles of players as well as areas of the field, ie attacking wide areas (wide defenders/ wide midfielders). There is an element of technical functional training, ie attacking wide areas (crossing/serving balls). An element of scenario training is necessary. Scenario Training is a concept by which the Coach creates a problem for the players to re-solve, ie attacking wide areas (must score off a cross; switch fields with a diagonal). Training Format
Keep in mind, “words”. Some terms to remember and use: Shape: The positioning of fellow players in relation to each other, the goal, and the ball. Good shape relates to good soccer. Look for angles that involve triangles. Technical Speed: The speed by which an individual player can perform the technique under pressure. Speed of execution/ Decisions: The speed and quality of decisions to maintain possession or score. Speed of Play: The overall speed of the team to perform the technical and tactical requirements necessary to maintain possession or score. Compress: When defending, make the field smaller by moving players in positions to deny penetration. Principles of Coaching
Transition: Gain control immediately and apply the attacking principles necessary. If control is not gained, quickly apply the defending principles. The key to transition is field sense. Field Sense is knowing where you are on the field, where is your help, where is your opposition, how much time is left and of courses where is the ball in relation to your goal versus the opposing goal. Principles of Coaching
Principles of Play The game of soccer can be broken down into two (2) basic concepts: • SPACE • TIME When in possession of the ball, WE want to create more space and time on the ball. When not in possession, WE want to deny space and time on the ball for the opposition.
When in Possession: Create more space and time! Look to score. Utilize combination plays to maintain possession. Player movement is crucial. Be creative. Attacking principles for an attack-oriented style: Attack with Pace. Immediately after winning the ball, look forward first. Utilize possession to probe with quick accurate passing. Create 2 versus 1 situations, numbers up. Transition from defense to attack needs to be quick. Define player roles and objectives when in possession. Principles of Play
When NOT in Possession: Deny space and time for the opposition. Pressure the ball. Apply cover and balance according to the goal, opposition, and the ball. Defensive Principles in an attack-oriented style: Transition from attacking to defending needs to be quick. Pressurize opponent immediately. Defend up field. Deny space by keeping the field compact. Define the player roles and objectives when defending. Principles of Play
Roles of Attackers: 1st Attacker: Player with the ball. Look to score first, then penetrate with a pass or dribble. Look to maintain possession. 2nd Attacker: Player(s) in immediate support of the 1st Attacker. Look to combine with the 1st Attacker to help maintain possession. 3rd Attacker: Player(s) whom provide length and width. Their runs create space and opportunities for penetration. Roles of Defenders: 1st Defender: Player whom applies immediate pressure on the ball, closest to the ball. 2nd Defender: Player(s) whom provide cover and depth for the 1st defender. Position self at an appropriate angle to deny penetration on the dribble and by a forward pass. 3rd Defender: Player(s) who are providing balance across the field to deny penetration from long balls. Look to track players away from the ball. Principles of Play
SAFETY v RISK- Thirds of the field Safety – decisions to insure safety is maintained (no chances) Risk – decisions allow for a degree of risk to gain an advantage Attacking 1/3 (More Risk – Less Safety) Move Receive Finish Middle 1/3 (Even Risk & Safety) Build Connect Support Defensive 1/3 (More Safety – Little Risk) Deny Destroy Develop Principles of Play
Simple Is the exercise game related? Is the exercise soccer specific?
Instruction Brief Simple Soccer specific
Demands/ Goals/ Objectives It is imperative that the Coach sets the tone for the season, session, and game. Coaches are expected to create a learning environment that is challenging. This requires certain expectations: Shirts tucked in, socks pulled up NO foul language NO talking when the coach is talking Coaches must look PROFESSIONAL Demand Quality and you will get QUALITY Mistakes will happen, STOP, REPLAY, RESTART DO NOT let the STANDARD DROP!!! Use tone and inflection to maintain the standard. Demands
Game Management • What is Game Management? • risk management, first aid • coach presence: appearance, voice, tone • analysis • Pre-Game • warm-up • review goals/ objectives • motivate