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Time to Take It Easy

Time to Take It Easy

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Time to Take It Easy

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  1. Time to Take It Easy Lesson One Unit 12

  2. Pre-reading questions Getting to know the new words Background information A global picture Overview

  3. What is time? What is leisure? What is the Chinese’s attitude towards work and leisure? What’s the Chinese’s attitude towards time? How is the Chinese’s attitude different from that of the westerners? Pre-reading Questions

  4. Linear Pattern past present future Cyclical Pattern Patterns of Time heaven hell earth

  5. Time is money. No man in a hurry is quite civilized. Time is human; nature knows only change. Consider the past and you will know the present. Quotes on Time —Occidental saying —Oriental saying —Occidental saying —Oriental saying

  6. Reading aloud (pa.168) Meaning and use Word derivation Word association Word differentiation Getting to know the new words

  7. Siesta: <n.> an afternoon rest or nap, esp one taken during the hottest hours of the day in a hot climate (usu considered longer than a ‘nap’) After lunch they would take a ~. I went upstairs for my afternoon ~. Synonyms: catnap; snooze; forty winks;a bit of shut-eye; <infml.> zizz; <fml.> slumber Meaning & Use

  8. Easy-going: <adj.> relaxed and tolerant in attitude or manner Brown was friendly and ~. I don’t like his laziness and his ~ ways. 我不喜欢他那种懒惰的松松垮垮的样子。 The book was written in a simple and ~ form. 这本书写得质朴而流畅。 Cf: out-going Meaning & Use

  9. Govern: <v.> control, influence or regulate Income must ~ expenditure. Chance sometimes ~s the outcome of the game. In Britain the sovereign reigns but does not ~. 在英国,君主称王,但不治理国事。 Government: the system or the group of people with the authority to govern Governance: [U] the action or manner of governing a state, or organization Meaning & Use

  10. The Continent: <n.> western Europe not including Britain and Ireland 欧洲大陆 Continental: <n./adj.> 欧洲大陆的/人 This expression is based on the old idea that Britain is separated from, and very different from, the rest of Europe. It is typically used when talking about European countries as a place for holidays, but it is now becoming less common. Meaning & Use

  11. Unstructured: <adj.> without formal organization or structure The discussion was ~. 讨论不是预先组织好的。 We danced in completely ~ groupings. 我们完全随意地结对跳舞。 Antonym:structured As the trip wore on, I worried less and less about ~ time. 随着旅程的进展,我对严格安排的时间越来越不在乎了。 Meaning & Use

  12. Downtime <n.> = down time : time when one is not working or active Downtime in Hollywood can cost a lot of money. Everyone needs down time to unwind. 每个人都需要闲暇时间来放松自己。 Antonym: uptime <U> time during which a machine, esp a computer, is in operation Meaning & Use

  13. Consume: <v.> use up This process ~s enormous amounts of energy. These factories ~d 600,000 tons of coal a day. Contemplation: <n.> deep reflective thought 沉思;深思熟虑;盘算 The road is too busy for leisurely ~ of the scenery. He would retire to his room for study or ~. Meaning & Use

  14. Account: <n.> The ~s show that they have spent more than they received. 账面显示 He has ~s with several banks. She opened a savings ~ at the building society. Spiritual: <adj.> of the spirit rather than the body (with religious connotation) Spiritualism: the belief that the dead may send messages to living people usually through a medium Meaning & Use

  15. 物质文明 精神文明 Material civilization; High living standards; Sound economic development Cultural and ideological progress; Advanced culture and ethics Word Association

  16. ill afford; ill-treated; ill-equipped; ill served; ill at ease He seemed __________ and not his usual self during the party. He seems to me ____________ to cope with the responsibility. They live in an area __________ by public transport. These animals had been grossly ___________. We can ___________ to lose another member of staff. Word Association ill at ease ill-equipped ill served ill-treated ill afford

  17. Word Derivation edition/editor contemplate account rebel contemplative accountable rebellious editorial government/governor relaxation consumption structure relax structure governing consuming

  18. Word Derivation European French Spanish America Italian British Sweden Norwegian Swiss

  19. Poll vs. Toll The latestopinion ______ puts the Democrats in the lead. Half the people ______said they would pay more for environmentally-friendly food. There is usually heavy death _____ on the roads at Christmas. Word Differentiation poll polled toll

  20. Consume vs. Use Arguing about details _________ many hours of the committee’s valuable time. The fire soon _________the wooden buildings. The company ______ a computer to do its accounts. The crowd refused to move, so the police had to ______ tear gas. Word Differentiation consumed consumed uses use

  21. Idealistic vs. Spiritual He was full of youthful _________. He’s too much of an ________ for this government. She’s English, but India is her _______ home. We are concerned about your ________ welfare. Word Differentiation idealism idealist spiritual spiritual

  22. Staff vs. Stuff The manager turned a blind eye when his ______ were late. It is a hospital ______ with 20 doctresses. What’s this sticky ______on the floor? Have you brought your swimming _____? Such experiences are the (very) _____ of life. Word Differentiation staff staffed stuff stuff stuff

  23. Contemplation vs. Meditation He reached his decision after a good deal of ______________. She bought three dresses in __________ of her trip. She found peace through yoga and ____________. He was deep in ___________ and didn’t see me come in. Word Differentiation contemplation contemplation meditation meditation

  24. European/Continental work ethic: Traditionally the Continental Europeans consider easy life very important and they take vacation or holidays as their holy right which should never be taken away. Once they feel the right being intruded, they will regain it through/on strikes. The European Union Directive authorizes the continentals to enjoy at least 4 weeks paid-leave annually. And in many European countries, the actual paid holidays are longer than this. Background Information

  25. American work ethic: Continental American work ethic largely derives from puritanical belief based on strict moral and religious principles, including hard work, self-reliance and using time for practical purposes. This puritanical influence seems still to persist in Anglo-Americans. They are brought up hearing people saying, “Time is money” and “Don’t waste so much time.” That might help explain why fast food restaurants, one-stop gas stations, and microwave ovens originated in the United States. Background Information

  26. In Britain: Britain is the only country which has increased its weekly working hours in the past decade. Every worker in the UK work 1673 hours yearly, which means about 100 hours more than that of the European Union. A research done in 2003 shows that 16% of the British workers complained them overworking for 48 hours a week. Background Information

  27. What type of writing is the text? What is the author’s purpose of writing? What do you think of the nationality of the author? Who are the intended readers? How many parts does the text fall into? What is the main idea of each part? A Global Picture

  28. Part I (para.1-2): Introduction — a sharp contrast Part II (para.3-4): Work ethic — a major difference Part III (para.5-8): Analysis of the American attitude to work Part IV (para.9-12): Oliver James’s view about time Part V (pa.13-14): Conclusion Structure of the Text

  29. The following poem was said to be written by a 7-year-old girl named Amy Bruce dying of lung cancer and a brain tumor, though some people claimed that it was actually written by a doctor in New York Hospital. Poem Appreciation

  30. Have you ever watched kids on a merry-go-round Or listened to the rain slapping on the ground? Ever followed a butterfly’s erratic flight? Or gazed at the sun into the fading night? You’d better slow down Don’t dance so fast Time is short The music won’t last Slow Dance Poem

  31. Do you run through each day on the fly? When you ask “How are you?” do you hear the reply? When the day is done, do you lie in your bed With the next hundred chores running through your head? You’d better slow down Don’t dance so fast Time is short The music won’t last Slow Dance Poem

  32. Ever told your child, We’ll do it tomorrow And in your haste, not see his sorrow? Ever lost touch, Let a good friendship die ‘Cause you never had time to call and say “Hi”? You’d better slow down Don’t dance so fast Time is short The music won’t last Slow Dance Poem

  33. When you run so fast to get somewhere You miss half the fun of getting there When you worry and hurry through your days, It is like an unopened gift… Thrown away… Life is not a race. Do take it slower Hear the music Before the song is over. Slow Dance

  34. If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer. Thank you!

  35. Word review Comprehension check Notes on the text Language points Sentence highlights Lesson 2: Overview

  36. In a Newsweek p___ last week, 85 percent of Americans said there should be equal rights for gays and lesbians in terms of job opportunities . The interview was noisy and u_________. She was lost in c______________ of the scene in front of her. Lots of people were taking a short s_____ in the shade. Word Review poll unstructured contemplation siesta

  37. He sees no signs of improvement in the UK and c__________ economy. Network and server d________ is costing companies hundreds of thousands of dollars in business and productivity losses. The a________ show we have spent more than we received. The e_________ teacher often allowed his student extra time for assignments. Word Review continental downtime accounts easygoing

  38. Her __________ (rebel) attitude is just a reaction against her strict upbringing. _________ (govern) George welcomed the Queen to Hawaii with a lei of orchids. He worked on the paper for fifty years, latterly as its political _______ (edit). Industrialized countries should reduce their energy ____________ (consume). Word Review rebellious Governor editor consumption

  39. Hard work is essential. But there's also a time for rest and _________ (relaxing). An __________ (account) is a person whose job is to keep financial accounts. Mr. Simpson is a ________ and thoughtful teacher. Some customers need 99% or better ____ (downtime) from their mainframe computers. Word Review relaxation accountant dedicated uptime 主机运行时间

  40. The whole company ___________ for 3 weeks' summer holiday. Now no use getting fussed. ___________. __________ I receive five emails each day. Johnny had never been to a big party before and he was ___________. It is not really ____ her _______ to be aggressive. Idiom Review shuts down Take it easy On average ill at ease in nature

  41. Don't ______ time on trifles. ______ time to pull yourself away from all the noise and just look around you. While I was waiting for her, I ______ time by looking in the show window. It is ______ time that the legal profession reformed itself. Even in group activities, there is always ____________ time left for individuals to do what they please. Idiom Review waste Take killed high unstructured

  42. What does summer mean to the continental Europeans? Do the British and the Americans have the same idea? The first two paragraphs draw a picture of sharp contrast between busy Americans (and Britons) and easy-going continental Europeans. Comprehension Check

  43. Europe

  44. Europe Britain Spain Italy Sweden Notes

  45. The US Department of Labor(劳工部)is the US government department concerned with how workers are treated by employers. It examines subjects such as fair wages, safety, and the number of hours worked each week. The Department of Labor

  46. Take it easy (title) Take it easy. If you don’t rest enough, you won’t perform. Take it easy, we’ve got plenty of time. Shut down (para.1) The factory was ~ down for lack of funds. The power station has been ~ down for essential maintenance. Language Points

  47. Sleep through (para.1) I don’t know how you could have slept through that dreadful noise The alarm clock went off, but I just slept through it. 闹钟响了,但我没醒,仍在睡觉。 Cool (para.1) He loved the ~ of the early morning. She left the midday sun for the ~ of the shade. Language Points

  48. On average (para.2) We receive 20 letters a day on ~. On ~, people who don’t smoke are healthier than people who do. Compare with (para.2) Sales were modest and cannot ~ with the glory days of 1999. A pencil is not to be ~d with a knife. Language Points

  49. Summer is coming, and much of Europe is getting ready to… France spends… Metonymy means to substitute one thing for another with which it is closely associated. A pen is mightier than a sword. The blue eye is coming. He had to earn his daily bread by doing odd jobs. Metonymy 借代