Religion – Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. Where are they? Which continent is mostly Catholic? Buddhism- W. & SW Asia Christianity – Europe, Russia, N. America, & S. America Hinduism – India – South Asia Islam – N. Africa & SW Asia Judaism – Israel S. America is mostly Catholic
How do latitude and longitude work?What do they measure? • Latitude lines are parallel, they run east – west around the earth and are from 0 to 90 degrees North and South. • Latitude measures the distance North or South of the Equator. • Longitude Lines are also called Meridian, they run North – South and intersect at the poles. They are 0 to 180 degrees East and West. • Longitude measures the distance East or West of the Prime Meridian
How do Literacy Rate, Infant Mortality, and Per Capita GDP pertain to a country’s level of development? • Countries with a High Literacy Rate, Low Infant Mortality and High Per Capita GDP are considered More Developed countries. • Low Literacy Rate, High Infant Mortality and Low Per Capita GDP are considered Less Developed • Countries in between are considered Newly Industrializes
Know the following map components/terms • Legend/key – tells what symbols/colors mean • Distortion – every paper map has this • Compass Rose – shows true North • Cartogram – shows data and skews the map • Projection • Scale – gives the distance • Topography – shows relief – the closer the lines are on the map, the steeper the slope of the land.
What are the differences between formal, functional, and perceptual regions. Give examples of each. • Formal – has clear boundaries – Countries, states, counties, cities, landforms • Functional – has a hub or center – DFW metroplex, pizza delivery • Perceptual – no clear boundaries – everyones opinion of it may be different – Tornado Alley, The Bible Belt
What are the seven continents, and which hemispheres are they in? • North America ( North and West) • South America (South and West) • Europe (North and East) • Asia (North and East) • Africa (North & South and East) • Australia ( South and East) • Antarctica ( South and East & West)
What does HDI (Human Development Index) tell us? What affects a country’s HDI?
What is geography? • Geography is the study of physical and human features of the earth.
What is GIS and what is it used for? • GIS is Geographic Information Service • It is used to show different criteria/data or to add layers to a map
What is GPS and what is it used for? • GPS – Global Positioning Satellite • It is used to give absolute location – it can tell exactly where your are.
What is human-environment interaction? What are some examples? • Human-environment interaction is the way humans impact the environment and the way the environment impacts humans. • Human’s build dams to make a lake, build levee’s to keep the water out of an area that is below sea level – example – New Orleans, and we pollute our earth. • The environment can impact humans by climate – In Texas we don’t wear heavy coats and warm hats year round – we wear shorts and t-shirts in the summer • In Siberia people dress much warmer because it is so much colder up near the arctic circle.
What is the Prime Meridian? Equator? • The Prime Meridian is 0 longitude (runs North and South) and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. • The Equator is 0 latitude (runs East and West) and divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
What kinds of things are studied as physical geography? Human geography?
Where is the Sahara Desert? • North Africa
Which continent is Russia on? • Europe and Asia!
Which latitudes (low/mid/high) are associated with which climates? Which latitudes are desirable to the most people? Low Latitude – Tropical Moist Climates – rainforest Wet-Dry Tropical Climates – savanna Dry tropical Climate – desert Mid Latitude – Dry – Steppe Mediterranean Climate – Chaparral Dry Mid-latitude Climate – grasslands Moist Continental Climate – deciduous forest High Latitude – Boreal forest Climate – taiga Tundra Climate – tundra Highland Climate – alpine Polar Ice Cap – cold desert Most People prefer Mid Latitude!
Why was the Panama Canal so important? • http://www.history.com/videos/panama-canal-locks#panama-canal-locks