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Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara PowerPoint Presentation
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Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara

Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara

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Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara

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  1. The Western Sahara in the light of the International law : Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara Carlos Ruiz Miguel, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, EspañaMoisés Ponce de León Iglesias, Université Rennes 2 – Haute Bretagne, France CRM-MPL

  2. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara CRM-MPL

  3. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara « Any legal analysis of the question of Western Sahara should take into account several basic, objective, statements that are the key of any approach to the conflict according to the International Law » CRM-MPL

  4. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara « Any approach differing from these statements could be clearly qualified as illegal according to the Law of the United Nations » CRM-MPL

  5. http://www.un.org/depts/Cartographic/map/profile/afrique.pdf October 2011 CRM-MPL

  6. http://www.un.org/depts/Cartographic/map/dpko/minurso.pdf CRM-MPL

  7. Small historical reminder 1884.Spain signs a Treaty of protectorate with certain Sahrawi tribes and begins its occupation of the territory 1965. The General Assembly of the UNO asks Spain to withdraw from Spanish Sahara, in the international context of the decolonization, and asserts the right to self-determination for the Sahrawi people 1973. Creation of the Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro (Front Polisario) CRM-MPL

  8. Small historical reminder 1974. Spain announces its intention to withdraw and begin to organize a referendum of self-determination. Hassan II persuades the General Assembly to ask an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice about how to proceed with the decolonisation of the Territory 1975. Advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice reaffirming the application of resolution 1514 of the UN-GA in the decolonization of Western Sahara and the application of the principle of self-determination for the populations of the territory. (October 16th) CRM-MPL

  9. Small historical reminder 1975. Green March launches the occupation of the Western Sahara by Morocco (November 6th) (February 26th) Withdrawal from Spain. Morocco and Mauritanian try to conquer the Territory 1976 Spain, Morocco and Mauritania sign the so-called “Madrid Agreements” where quality of Spain as “administering power” of the Western Sahara is illegally tansfered to an interim (as much until Feb 28th 1976) to a tripartite administration (Spain-Morocco-Mauritania) 1976. (February 27th). Creation of Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic ( RASD) by the Front Polisario 1978-1979. Cease fire and peace treaty with Mauritania. Annexation by Morocco of the territory occupied by Mauritania CRM-MPL

  10. Small historical reminder 1981 - 1987. Construction by the Moroccan army of  walls of 2700 km long which divide the Sahrawi territory 1984. OUA ( Organization of African Unity ) admits the SADR within as its 51st member 1991.Under the auspices of the OAU and the UNO, signature by the two parties (Morocco and Polisario Front) of the “Settlement Plan”, wich establishes a cease-fire and the holding of a referendum of self-determination in 1992. The Settlement Plan is approved by the Security Council (resolutions 658 & 690). Creation of the Misssion of the United Nations for the Referendum in the Western Sahara (MINURSO in the Spanish acronym) 1992. Boycott of the referendum by Morocco CRM-MPL

  11. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 1 The Western Sahara is a « non-self governing territory » and a « colonial country » A/RES/2072_1965 A/RES/2625_1970 … A/RES/66/86_2012 CRM-MPL

  12. 1 CRM-MPL A/RES/2072_1965

  13. 1 CRM-MPL A/RES/2072_1965

  14. 1 CRM-MPL RES/2072_1965

  15. 1 CRM-MPL A/RES/2625_1970

  16. 1 CRM-MPL A/RES/2625_1970

  17. 1 CRM-MPL A/RES/66/86_2012

  18. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara The conflict of Sahara Occidental is a « question of decolonization » 2 A/RES/2072_1965 A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/3458-A_1975 A/RES/33-31_1978 A/RES/34-37_1979 A/RES/35-19_1980 A/RES/39-40_1984 A/RES/45-21_1990 A/RES/64/101_2010 A/RES/65/112_2011 A/RES/66/86_2012 CRM-MPL

  19. 2 A/RES/2072_1965 CRM-MPL

  20. 2 CRM-MPL A/RES/2229_1966

  21. 2 A/RES/35-19_1980 CRM-MPL

  22. 2 A/RES/35/19_1980 CRM-MPL

  23. 2 A/RES/35/19_1980 CRM-MPL

  24. 2 A/RES/45-21_1990 CRM-MPL

  25. 2 A/RES/65-112_2011 CRM-MPL

  26. 2 CRM-MPL A/RES/66/86_2012

  27. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 3 The United Nations recognizes internationally the existence of the « people of Western Sahara » A/RES/2072_1965 A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/3458-A_1975 A/RES/3458-B_1975 A/RES/33/31_1978 A/RES/34/37_1979 A/RES/35/19_1980 A/RES/64/101_2010 A/RES/65/112_2011 S/RES/1920_2010 CRM-MPL

  28. 3 A/RES/2229_1966 CRM-MPL

  29. 3 A/RES/3458_1975 CRM-MPL

  30. 3 A/RES/66/86_2012 CRM-MPL

  31. 3 S/RES/2044_2012 CRM-MPL

  32. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 4 The ‘people of Western Sahara’ is composed by the « indigenous people of the Territory » A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/3458-A_1975 A/RES/3458-B_1975 S/2000/131, para. 6 CRM-MPL

  33. 4 CRM-MPL

  34. 4 A/RES/3458_A/1975 CRM-MPL

  35. 4 S/2000/131 CRM-MPL

  36. 4 S/2000/131 CRM-MPL

  37. 4 S/2000/131 CRM-MPL

  38. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 5 The ‘people of the Western Sahara’ has a « right to self-determination » A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/3458-A_1975 A/RES/3458-B_1975 A/RES/33-31_1978 A/RES/34-37_1979 A/RES/35-19_1980 A/RES/64/101_2010 A/RES/65/112_2011 S/RES/1871_2009 S/RES/1920_2010 CRM-MPL

  39. 5 A/RES/2229_1966 CRM-MPL

  40. 5 CRM-MPL A/RES/65/112_2011

  41. 5 CRM-MPL A/RES/3458-A_1975

  42. 5 CRM-MPL S/RES/1871/2009

  43. 5 CRM-MPL S/RES/1920/2010

  44. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 6 The ‘right of self-determination’ of the ‘people of Western Sahara ’ is « inalienable » A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/64/101_2010 A/RES/65/112_2011 A/RES/66/86_2012 CRM-MPL

  45. 6 CRM-MPL A/RES/2229_1966

  46. 2 CRM-MPL A/RES/66/86_2012

  47. Fifteen basic statements on the conflict of Western Sahara 7 A/RES/2229_1966 A/RES/3458-A_1975 A/RES/3458-B_1975 A/RES/33-31_1978 A/RES/34-37_1979 A/RES/35-19_1980 A/RES/38-40_1983 A/RES/65/112_2011 S/RES/621_1988 S/RES/658_1990 S/RES/1871_2009 S/RES/1920_2010 S/RES/2044/2012 The ‘inalienable right of self-determination’ of the ‘people of Western Sahara’ should be exercised by a « referendum » CRM-MPL

  48. 7 CRM-MPL A/RES/2229_1966

  49. 7 CRM-MPL A/RES/3458-A_1975

  50. 7 CRM-MPL A/RES/38-40_1983