电大英语（一） 语法与练习 主讲人：侯晓岚 Maanshan TV University
English Grammar 人称代词 物主代词 反身代词 不定代词 代词综合练习 名词 冠词 数词 介词 动词 do动词 havetherebe结构 情态动词 时间表达法 形容词（副词）的比较级和最高级 选择疑问句 祈使句 感叹句 状语从句 时态：一般现在时 练习 现在进行时 练习 一般将来时 练习 一般过去时 练习 电大英语（I）
Grammar 人称代词：代替人或事物的代词叫人称代词.人称代词有主 格和宾格之分. 主格一般在句子中作主语，宾格在句子中作 动词或介词的宾语. 人称 主格 宾格 第一人称 I (单数) me we (复数) us 第二人称 you (单\复数) you 第三人称 he (单数) him she (单数) her it (单数) it they(复数) them 注意：it 能被用来代替一个东西、一个动物或一个未知的人. they能被用来代替两个或两个以上的东西、动物或人. 例：动词的主语 动词的宾语 介词的宾语 I like Wendy. Wendy likes me. Wendy is fond of me. He likes Wendy Wendy likes him. Wendy is fond of him.
练习 模仿示例, 用括号里代词的正确形式完成下列句子. 例如：Mary is talking to me (I/me) on the phone. 1. ( We / Us ) went swimming at the beach yesterday. 2. ( He / Him ) is Michael’s good friend. 3 I haven’t seen ( they / them ) for a long time. 4. I like my boss because ( he / him ) is very friendly. 5. Kitty is older than (I / me) but (I / me) am older than Susan. 6. I told ( he / him ) to wait but ( he / him ) didn’t. 7. A:Who took my radio? B: ( I / Me ) have no idea who took ( it / him ). 8. A:Where are the football player? B:There ( they / them ) are. 9. A:Is that Kenneth over there? B:Yes, that’s ( he / him ). 10. A:Is Raymond hard-working? B:Yes, ( he / him ) is. Everyone in the office respects ( he / him ).
Grammar 物主代词：也称代词的所有格.表明谁的某物或某物归属 于谁. 分为形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词. 形容词性 物主代词只能作定语，后面必须跟有名词.名词性物主代词 相当于形容词性物主代词+名词. 人称 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 第一人称 my (单) / our(复) mine (单) ours (复) 第二人称 your (单/复) yours (单/复) 第三人称 his her its (单) / their (复) his hers its (单) / theirs (复) 注意：区分 its 与 it’s. its 是 it 的形容词性和名词性物主代词， it’s 是 it is 或 it has 的缩写 例：形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 That’s my pen. That pen is mine. This is our money. This money is ours. These are your shoes. These shoes are yours. Those are his goldfish. Those goldfish are his. That’s her file. That file is hers. That is its food. That food is its. These are their toys. These toys are theirs.
练习 模仿示例, 用括号里的词开头, 改写下列句子. 例如：Their books are on the table. (The books) The books on the table are theirs. 1. Their red shirts are on the chair. (The red shirts ) 2. Your room is the first one on the fourth floor. (The first room) 3. My school bag is under the table. (The school bag ) 4. Her piano is in the sitting room. (The piano ) 5. My poster is the biggest one on the notice-board. (The biggest poster ) 6. Their office is next to John’s. (The office ) 7. His car is at the end of the street. (The car) 8. Our classroom is the biggest one in the school. (The biggest classroom ) 9. Her glasses are on the TV. (The glasses ) 10. His letters are on my desk. (The letters)
Key: 1. The red shirts on the chair are theirs. 2. The first room on the fourth floor is yours. 3. The school bag under the table is mine. 4. The piano in the sitting room is hers. 5. The biggest poster on the notice-board is mine. 6. The office next to John’s is theirs. 7. The car at the end of the street is his. 8. The biggest classroom in the school is ours. 9. The glasses on the TV are hers. 10. The letters on my desk are his.
Grammar 反身代词 (Reflexive Pronouns) 表示反射或强调的代词以 -self 或 -selves 结尾。 一、反身代词的构成 二、用法： 1、在句中作宾语。表示动作回射到动作执行者本身。 e.g. He always thinks of himself. The girl can wash herself now. 2、在句中用来加强语气，表示“亲自”“本人”的意思。 e.g. You can do it yourself. I must see the headmaster himself.
Grammar 反身代词的构成 人称 单数 复数 第一人称 myself ourselves 第二人称 yourself yourselves himself 第三人称 herself themselves itself 第一、二人称由形容词性物主代词加 -self /-selves 构成.第三人称由人称代词宾格形式加 -self /-selves 构成. 所有的重音均在这个音节上.
练习 Fill in the blanks with reflexive pronounces: （用反身代词填空） 1.She teaches English. 2.They enjoy at the party every Saturday evening. 3.Today I’m going to buy a tennis racket. 4.Please make at home, children. 5.Tim often forces to sleep late. 6.Can you see in the photograph? 7.She lives by . 8.We make sandwiches for . 9.The old lady always talks to . 10.Paul is pleased with because he does well in his work. herself themselves myself yourselves himself yourself herself ourselves herself himself
Grammar 不定代词 some, any, no. some, any, no 都既可以修饰可数名词，又可以修饰不可数名词。 Some 一般用在肯定 句中。 e.g. He asked me some questions. There are some children outside. There is some milk in the fridge. Some of us agree with the statement and some disagree. Some people are early risers. Mother is doing some washing now. Some 也可用在表示‘请求’、‘建议’的疑问 句中，希望回答‘yes’ e.g. Will you get me some matches? Would you like some coffee? Why don’t you get some people to help you? Do you need some help?
Grammar Any 用在否定和疑问句中。 e.g. Are there any stamps in the drawer? I haven’t got any work to do. Do you know any good doctor? Let me know right away if you have any news. Did she give you any? Any 也可用在肯定句中，表示‘任何’。 e.g. Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. Come any day you like. Any time you want me, just send for me.
Grammar No 只能作定语。 no = not any, not a (an) e.g. There are no letters for you today. He is no friend of mine. No boy in the class has ever seen the sea. No 用于警告、命令等标识。 e.g. No smoking! No parking!
练习 • 用 some, any 和 no 填空： • I want to buy _______new clothes, but I haven’t got ______ money. • There aren’t _______ seats left on the bus. • I had ________ sweets, but my sister didn’t have _______. • She saw ________ squirrels in the park yesterday. • He heard ________ noises outside his bedroom window last night. • They don’t have ______ tickets for the concert. • Why isn’t there _______ bread in the kitchen? • Mother bought _______ just this afternoon. • Were there _______ telephone calls for me while I was away? • Boy: Have you got _______ friends near where you live? • Girl: ________, but not many. some any any some any some some any any some any any some
练习 • Have Mr Mrs Harris got _______ children? • We went to see ________ clowns at the circus. • Jane has got ________ new shoes. They’re lovely! • Don’t you have _________ lessons today? • Peter has _________ friends. I am sorry for him. • I don’t want ________ vegetables, thank you. • Have they ________ oranges in the market today? • Peter’s a bad boy. He does ________ work at all and plays all day. • I’ve got _______ potatoes, _______ onions and _______ carrots, • but I can’t find ________ tomatoes. • – Why has John got ________ classes today? • -- Because there aren’t ________ in our school, today. any some some any no any any no some some some any no any
语法练习 一、阅读下列疑问句或陈述句,然后选出最佳答案. 1.John, who’s that phone call for? A. That’s mine. B. It’s for me. C. Is that yours? D. He’s calling me. 2.Is Rosanna in her room? A. Yes, this room is hers. B. No, she didn’t tell me. C. No, it’s not her room. D. Yes, she is. 3. Is that map on the wall mine? A. Yes, it’s his. B. No, it’s not yours. C. No, my map is on the table. D. Yes, I’m sure it’s mine. 4. My mother is a nurse. A. The nurse is mine. B. The housewife is my mother. C. Mine is a doctor. D. Me too. 5. Their school uniforms are purple and white. A. Ours are blue and green. B. We are the same. C. White is his color. D. Your color is green.
语法练习 6. Do you know where my camera is? A. Oh, your camera is a nice one. B. No, I only know how to use mine. C. No, I know nothing about cameras. D. Yes, it’s on the sofa. 7. Whose examination results are better? A. I do. B. It’s me. C. Mine are. D. They are mine. 8. My favorite color is purple. A. He’s yellow. B. It’s red to me. C. Theirs is orange. D. Is he black? 9. Mary’s in Hospital. A. I’m sorry to hear that. B. She is bad. C. It’s very unfortunate of her D. She’ll recover soon. 10. Is this raincoat his? A. Yes, it’s mine. B. It must be him. C. No, I think it’s yours. D. Yes, his raincoat is over there.
语法练习 二、In the following exercise, put the verbs in brackets in the Present Simple, put in the missing possessive adjectives*,and put in the missing personal pronouns#. (用括号内动词的一般现在时填空，并在*处填上适当 的物主代词，在#处填上适当的人称代词.） Brian and Tom ______ (work) in London. James ____ (be) ______* friend. James __________(introduce) ______# to ______* mother and father. James also______(have) a sister. ______* name ______ (be) Jane and ________# ________(be) an engineer. John____(be) a friend of Brian and Tom too. ______#_______(come ) from a city in Australia. Andrew and John ______(be) doctors.Andrew ______ (like) John, but ___________ (not/like) Tom. Tom ____________ (work) with _______* daughter. _______# ______(be) engineers. work is their introduces them has his Her is she is is He comes are likes doesn’t like works his They are
语法练习 三、 Fill in the gaps below with the correct pronouns. （用代词的恰当形式填空.） 1) English people love dogs. buy expensive food （购买昂贵的食物）for ，talk to and sometimes sleep with onbeds. The dogs don‘t sleep on own （自己的）beds but on ！ 2) John loves brother, Tom. always walks to school with and helps with homework.does own homework, and sometimes does brother’s too！ Tom doesn‘t do it . 3) My friend and I love teacher， Miss Brown. like lessons very much. are interesting and is always happy. their They them them them their their theirs his He him him his He his his himself our We our They she
语法练习 四、 Complete this table.（填写下表） (人称代词) Personal Pronouns 主格 宾格 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 反身代词 Subject Object Possessive Adjective Possessive Pronoun Reflexive I yours himself her its ourselves yourselves They me my mine myself you you your yourself he him his his she her hers herself it it its itself us our we ours you you your yours them their theirs themselves
语法练习 五、 Fill in the blanks with proper pronounces: (用适当的代词填空） 1.We must not think only of . (us, ourselves) 2.Who will go there with ? Nobody, she’ll go there . (herself, her) 3. “Help to some fish.” Mrs Green said to Peter. (yourself, yourselves) 4.I can’t repair the model ship . (me, myself) 5.They cook supper for . (themselves, himself) 6.On this trip, you boys need to look after . (yourself, yourselves) 7.He gavea present for Christmas. (his, himself) 8.He can type the letter. (himself, him) 9.I’m old enough to dress now. (me, myself) 10.One must respect . (one, oneself) ourselves her herself yourself myself themselves yourselves himself himself myself oneself
语法练习 • 六、在需要的地方，用 a, an, some, any, many 填空： • _______ policemen in Britain have guns, but only a few of them. • Do you want _______ apple? • This is _______ really beautiful house. • There are _______ five Chinese in my class. • _______ friends of my parents live in China. They are Australian. • Have you _______ eggs today? • _______ eagle is a big bird. • John has got _______ very big noses. • What _______ beautiful garden! • _______ people live in very big houses. • _______ students in China want to learn English these days. • Are there _______ policewomen in Hong Kong? Some an a / Some any An a a Some Many any
七、用 a, an, some, any 填空： • Have you got _______ flat? • I want to be _______ actor. • Do you have _________ pork? • John has got _______ big feet, but he’s _______ fast runner. • You need _______ visa to visit __________ foreign countries. • Jane is _______ teacher and her parents are _______ teachers tool • These are _______ very nice trousers. How much are they? • Tom always gives Ann ___________ flowers on her birthday. • Have you _______ rice? • He gives me _______ card every year for my birthday. 语法练习 a an any / a a some (/) a / / some (/) any a
Grammar 疑问句：英语中有四种疑问句： 一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句和反意疑问句。 一般疑问句：是将句中的助动词、情态动词或连系动词放在主语的 前面。通常用 yes 和 no 来回答。 e.g. Have you locked the door? Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. Do you know Jack? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. 特殊疑问句：疑问词 ＋ 一般疑问句 要根据实际情况来回答。 e.g. Who is standing at the window? My sister is.. How much does it cost? Fifty yuan. 反意疑问句: 前面是一个陈述句，后面是一个简略问句。 用 yes 和 no 来回答。 e.g. Their daughter is very clever, isn’t she? Jack likes tea, doesn’t he? You don’t like your job, do you? She is never late for school, is she?
Grammar 选择疑问句：两种。要作具体回答。 １、前面是一个一般疑问句，后面用 or 连接一个选择项目。 e.g. Shall we go by bus or by train? Do you speak English or French? Shall I do it or will you do it yourself? Are you ready or not? Do you want to buy it or not? ２、一个特殊疑问句加两个或两个以上的选择（用 or 连接）。 e.g. Who do you like better, Tom or Derek? Which do you prefer, coffee or tea? Which ice cream would you like, chocolate, vanilla or strawberry?
Grammar 时间表达法： 一、数字表达法： 直接读出数字。 e.g.1:00one (o’clock)2:05two five3:15three fifteen 5:30five thirty7:45seven forty-five8:58eight fifty-eight 二、介词表达法： 分钟数在半小时之内（含半小时）, 用介词 past. 表示‘几点过几分’. e.g. 4:03 three (minutes) past four 6:10 ten past six 9:15 a quarter past nine 2:25 twenty-five past two 11:30 half past eleven 分钟数超过半小时的，用 to 。表示‘几点差几分’. e.g. 5:35 twenty-five to six 1:40 twenty to two 3:45 a quarter to four 7:55 five to eight 12:59 one to one **上午和下午的表达： １、在时间后加 in the morning或 in the afternoon。 ２、在时间后加 a.m.或 p.m.。
练习 用数字表达法和介词表达法讲出下列时刻： 6：15 2：38 11：03 3：56 12：25 4：40 6：30 9：05 1：50 10：35 8：10 5：45
Grammar 名 词 名词分为可数名词和不可数名词两大类.可数名词有单、复 数之分, 名词的数决定谓语动词的数. 不可数名词一般只 有单数形式，没有复数形式。 可数名词table book wallet bag glasslight 不可数名词milk water money information tea oil paper 可数名词的复数形式有规则变化和不规则变化两种. 不可数名词可以借助单位词来表示一定的数量。 a drop of water, a sheet of paper, a piece of news, a ton of coal 注意：名词的规则变化加 –s的发音。 一些特殊的名词及变化。
Grammar • 规则变化是在名词后加 -s , 具体变化规则如下: • 1、一般情况下, 加 –s • e.g. book-books map-maps teacher-teachers way-ways • 2、在 s, x, sh, ch 后, 加 –es. • e.g. bus-buses box-boxes brush-brushes watch-watches • 3、以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,变 y 为 i 再加 -es. • e.g. family-families factory-factories party-parties diary-diaries • 4、以 f, fe 结尾的,则变 f, fe 为 v,再加 -es. • e.g. live-lives knife-knives wife-wives half-halves leaf-leaves • 5、以辅音字母加 o 结尾的, 加 –s. • e.g. hero-heroes potato-potatoes tomato-tomatoes • 6、以元音字母加 o 结尾的, 加 –es. • e.g. radio-radios zoo-zoos bamboo-bamboos • 7、有些词 (含外来词) 加 -s. 需记忆. • e.g. photo-photos piano-pianos memo-memos kilo-kilos
Grammar 名词的不规则变化，如下: 1、变内部元音 foot-feet tooth-teeth goose-geese mouse-mice man-men woman-women policeman-policemen 2、单复数同形 Chinese-Chinese Japanese-Japanese deer-deer fish-fish sheep-sheep 3、词尾加-en child-children ox-oxen
Grammar 名词后加 -s的读音, 如下: 1、在清辅音后，读 /s/ lakes desks maps 2、在浊辅音和元音后，读 /z/ dogs machines seas drivers 3、在 /s, z, ∫, t ∫, dЗ/ 后，读 /iz/ glasses roses dishes churches pages bridges 4、在 /t, d/ 后，读 /ts, dz/ parts birds students seeds boats fields 注意： 有些名词复数的发音，有变化。 house /s/ - houses /ziz/ cloth /θ/ - clothes / z/
Grammar 特殊的名词及变化 1、有些名词加 –s 的形式表示种类。 两条鱼是two fish，twofishes表示两种鱼。food是不可数名词，foods表示多种食物。 people表示‘人’时，是复数名词。只能说 twopeople, manypeople； ‘一个人’ 不能说 a people, 应该说 aperson； a people表示‘一个民族’， twopeoples表示‘两个民族’。 2、有些以 –f, -fe 结尾的词，直接加 -s roofs beliefs roofs handkerchiefs safes有些以 –f, -fe 结尾的词，变 –f, -fe 为 –ves 或直接加 -s皆可。 dwarf – dwarfs / dwarves scarf – scarfs / scarves 3、复合名词的复数形式, 一般是将主要部分变为复数。 lookers-on passers-by sons-in-law bus-drivers football-players boy-students girl-servants
Grammar 由 man或 woman作为第一部分的复合名词，两个部分皆变复 数 menwriterswomendoctorsmencookswomensingers 4、有些名词总是用复数形式。 a pair of trousers / shoes / gloves / glasses / shorts / scissors / jeans 5、单数集体名词可看作是一个整体，也可看作若干个体。 family class group team police staff crowd audience 6、有些名词形式上是复数，却用作单数。 maths (mathematics) news means economics physics 7、表示时间、金钱、距离、重量的复数名词，在作为一整体看待 时，当作单数对待。 Ten pounds is too expensive for this pen. Two miles is not long. Fifteen minutes is quite enough. Three pounds is not so heavy.
练习 Choose the correct nouns in the sentences below. 1) I don’t wear ( trouser / trousers ) to play football. I wear ( short / shorts ). 2) A bicycle is a very cheap ( mean / means ) of transport. 3) She can’t see very well. She needs ( glass / glasses ). 4) She wants to cut his hair. She needs ( scissor / scissors ). 5)we need four ( people / persons ) to play this game.
练习 Choose the correct form of the verb, singular or plural. e.g. Because I am good with numbers, mathematics ( is / are ) easy for me. 1) The news ( isn’t / aren’t ) very good today. 2) Three days ( is / are n’t ) long enough for a good holiday. 3) Have you got your scissors? Mine ( isn’t / aren’t ) sharp enough. 4) England always ( loses / lose ) at badminton. 5) Phone for a taxi. Six miles ( is / are ) a long way.
练习 Complete the sentences after the model. Model: our holiday lasts three weeks. It is athree-weekholiday. The girls are 14 years old. They are14-year-oldgirls. 1) The woman is 30. She is a ___________________________. 2) The flight lasts six hours. It is a _____________________________. 3) The book has got 200 pages. It is a ______________________________. 4) The tickets cost twenty yuan. They are ___________________________. 5) This Chinese cabbage weighs five jin. It is a ______________________________. 30-year-old woman six-hour flight 200-page book 20-yuan tickets five-jin Chinese cabbage
练习 Rewrite the sentences and correct the errors. 1) There is five persons on the room. 2) Is there two buses near a entrance? 3) This boys over there are my friend. 4) They has knifes and forkes in a coffee shop. 5) Are there no students of economics in a university? 6) They has got three child and now a new baby. 7) A old women wants a double rooms for the hotel. 8) Is this any boxes on the kitchen? are five people in are / the Those / friends have knives and forks any / the have / children An old woman / room Are there any boxes in …?
练习 • 改正下列句中的错误： • There is many students in these school. • I have very good mother. • His parent is Chineses. • Any of my father’s friends lives in Beijing. • Oh dear! Haven’t you got some moneys? • The banker and her wife lives in London. • We have a holidays in August. • Some policemen is very tall. are this a parents are Chinese Some live any money live \ are
Grammar 冠词：是置于名词之前、说明名词所表示的人或事物的一种虚词。 冠词也可以说是名词的一种标志，它不能离开名词而独立存在。 英语中冠词有三个，即 定冠词、不定冠词和 零冠词。 定冠词the相当于 this或 that，表示特指。 定冠词 the在元音音素前读 / i/，在辅音音素前读 / /。 如： The air was full of butterflies. The battle started on the morning of the twenty-fourth. 不定冠词a, an相当于 one, 有单一的含义，有时也可指一类。 a , an在含义上并无不同，只是 a用于辅音音素前，读 / /； 而 an则用于元音音素前，读 / n/。 如： Armstrong is a man of few words. We live about an hour from the city. 零冠词是名词前一种无形的冠词，即一般所说的不用冠词的场合。很多 专有名词、抽象名词和物质名词都用零冠词。 如： Beijing is the capital of China. Knowledge is power.
Grammar 定冠词的用法： 1、用于单数或复数名词，可数或不可数名词之前。表示特指。 e.g. The old man over there is his grandfather. The water is hot. There’s a book on the desk. The book is mine. 2、表示世界上独一无二的事物。 e.g. The sun is like a great ball of fire in the sky. 3、用在序数词、形容词最高级和方位名词前。 e.g. Sunday is the first day of the week? Which is the biggest, the sun, the moon or the earth? The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 4、与单数可数名词或某些形容词连用，表示一类。 e.g. The horse is a useful animal. the old, the young, the rich, the poor, the sick, the blind
Grammar 5、用于乐器名称前。 e.g. the piano, the violin, the organ 6、用于表示阶级、党派的名词前。 e.g. the working class, the Communist Party 7、用于由普通名词构成的专有名词前。 e.g. the Great Wall, the People’s Republic of China, the United Nations 8、用于表示江河、海洋、山脉、岛屿的名称前。 e.g. the Changjiang River, the Pacific Ocean, the Himalayas 9、用于姓氏的复数前，指一家人。 e.g. the Greens, the Blacks 10、用于固定词组和习惯用法中。 e.g. In the middle, in the morning, tell the truth, 11、用于报刊、杂志、历史时期及其它名词前。 e.g. The Times, the Bible, The People’s Daily, the Stone Age
Grammar 不定冠词的用法： 1、指一个或一种。 e.g. Give me a post-card. A girl wants to see you. A Miss Smith came just now. 2、指一类。 e.g. A elephant is much heavier than a horst. A knife is an important tool. 3、表示事物的单位数量。 e.g. eight hours a day, twice a month, five dollars a kilo 4、用于固定短语。 e.g. have a break, in a hurry, all of a sudden
Grammar 零冠词的用法： 1、有些复数名词和不可数名词不是特指时，通常不用冠词。 e.g. I had eggs for breakfast. He likes to drink beer. The desk is made of wood. 2、三餐前没有修饰词时，通常不用冠词。 e.g. What did you have for lunch? 3、在球类名词前。 e.g. play basketball, football, tennis 4、在固定短语中。 e.g. by bus, at noon, go to school, in hospital
Fill in the blanks with a, an or the. • What ______ beautiful horse it is! • When does ______ sun set in winter? • I am going to ______ Philippines next month. • Don’t forget to buy me ______ T-shirt. • Look, there’s ______ elephant walking down the street. • It’s cheaper to take ______ bus than to take ______ taxi. • John is staying at ______ Dragon Hotel. • Everyone knows Kitty is ______ honest girl. 练习 a the the a an a a the an
练习 • Fill in the blanks with a, an or the,where necessary. • I go to ____ school by ____ ferry. • Which pen is longer, _____ blue one or _____red one? • They have _____ dinner early in the evening. • _____ Christians usually go to _____ church on Sundays. • Have you ever seen _____ real dragon? • They sent the parcel by _____ air mail. • Jack is staying with his aunt in _____ United Kingdom. • Everyone needs _____ food. • _____ Himalayas are _____ highest mountain ranges on _____ earth. / / the the / / / a / the / The the the
练习 • That shop sells _____ fruit and _____ drinks. • Father went to _____ bed quite early last night. • The dog ran into _____ school. • No one knows how deep _____ Atlantic Ocean is. • What sort of _____ game do you like better, _____ football or _____ basketball? • We can’t live without _____ air. • Peter is _____ university student. • The company gave us _____ wonderful dinner. • Selina goes to word by _____ same bus every morning. / / / the the / / / / a a the
Grammar • 数 词 • 分基数词（cardinalnumbers）和序数词（ordinalnumbers） • 一、基数词（cardinalnumbers） • 1~12 • one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve • 13~19 -teen • thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen • 20~90 -ty • twentythirtyfortyfifty sixty seventy eighty ninety • 21~99 • twenty-one thirty-two forty-three ninety-nine • 100 201 122 • one hundred two hundred and one one hundred and twenty-one • 1,000 1,532 10,000 100,000 • one thousand one thousand five hundred and thirty-two • ten thousand one hundred thousand • 1,000,000 1,000,000,000 one million one billion
Grammar • 二、序数词（ordinalnumbers） • 1 2 3 • first (1st) second (2nd) third (3rd) • 4 ~ 19 基数词后加 -th • fourth fifth sixth seventh eighthninth tenth eleventh • twelfth thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenthseventeenth eighteenth nineteenth • 20 ~90 变 -ty 为 -tieth • twentieth thirtieth ……. Ninetieth • 21 ~ 99 十位数用基数词，个位数用序数词 • twenty-first fifty-fourth ……. ninety-ninth • 100 1,000 1,000,000 1,000,000,000 直接加 -th • one hundredth one thousandth • one millionth one billionth • 208 1,937 只在个位数用序数词，其它用基数词。 • twohundred and eight • one thousand nine hundred and thirty-seventh
练习 用英语读出下列数字： 111 226 705 1，098 4，568 75，137 425，712 1，306，527 2，032，678 36，441，000 900，745，022 1，280，532，866 two hundred and twenty-six one hundred and one seven hundred and five one thousand and ninety-eight four thousand, five hundred and sixty-eight seventy-five thousand,one hundred and thirty-seven four hundred and twenty-five thousand, seven hundred and twelve one million, three hundred and six thousand, five hundred and twenty-seven two million, thirty-two thousand, six hundred and seventy-eight thirty-six million, four hundred and forty-one thousand nine hundred million, seven hundred and forty-five thousand, and twenty-two one billion, two hundred and eighty million, five hundred and thirty-two thousand, eight hundred and sixty-six
练习 用基数词或序数词填空： 1. The ___________ day of the year is New Year’s Day. 2. There’s only __________ Sunday in a week. 3. July’s the ____________ month of the year. 4. Three times four equals ____________. 5. The number 195 has three digits. The _________ digit is a ‘nine’ and the ________digit is a ‘five’. 6. Next Wednesday is my eleventh birthday. That means I’ll be ___________ years old by then. first one seventh twelve second third eleven