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Deuteronomy

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  1. SBS 14/1 Investigating Deuteronomy

  2. A Getting a perspective on the Old Testament Do you have a personal value system? A personal value system is a set of principles or ideals that drive and/or guide a person's life and conduct. What would you say is the source of your value system? Individual conviction “Self” “Society” Communal conclusion Governmental imposition “The system” “Greater than Self Society or System” Transcendental revelation If it is from the God as revealed in Scripture/the Bible, then He must be the source of your value system. Do you have a personal value system?

  3. If it is from the God as revealed in Scripture/the Bible, then He must be the source of your value system. Who is He? What is He like? What are His values and why do they relate to us? He is “transcendent” Isaiah 40:21-22 Romans 11:33-36 God exists above and is independent of creation Psalm 139 Jeremiah 23:23,24 Acts 17:24 He is “immanent” God is present and active within creation Exodus 3:1-10

  4. Jesus Christ of the New Testament. As Christians our faith and practice relates to Who is He? Philippians 2:5-11 John 1:1,14 John 8:48-58 What is He like? Colossians 1:15-20 Hebrews 1:1-3 What are His values and why do they relate to us? John 12:49,50 John 5:19, 20 John 8:28,29 Matthew 5:17,18 Colossians 1:15-20

  5. SBS 14/2 Investigating Deuteronomy

  6. If our values are based upon the “transcendental revelation” we call the Bible then the God as revealed in that record must be the source of your value system. Who is He? What is He like? Isaiah 40:21-22 Romans 11:33-36 He is “transcendent” God exists above and is independent of creation He is “immanent” Psalm 139 Jeremiah 23:23,24 Acts 17:24 God is present and active within creation Exodus 3:1-10 What are His values and why do they relate to us? As Christians our faith and practice relates to Jesus Christ of the New Testament. Who is He? What is He like? What are His values and why do they relate to us? John 5:19, 20 John 8:28,29 John 12:49,50 Matthew 5:17,18 Matthew 5:17,18

  7. As Christians our faith and practice relates to Jesus Christ of the New Testament. On what did the Christ of the New Testament base His faith and practice? He based all He said and did on the God the Old Testament reveals. Therefore what we believe has its roots in the Old Testament - the Old Testament that focuses on the nation of Israel established by the God the Bible reveals. Which characters of the Old Testament seemed to have the most importance in the record of the New Testament particularly during time of Christ? (Consider that from Israel’s perspective) Abraham He gave them their‘generation.’ John 8:31-59 He gave them their ‘revelation.’ Matt 22:24-33 Mk 10:1-10, John 5:45,46 7:16-24 8:5 Moses

  8. Abraham He gave them their‘generation.’ John 8:31-59 He gave them their ‘revelation.’ Matt 22:24-33 Mk 10:1-10, John 5:45,46 7:16-24 8:5 Moses What is the revelation that Moses gave to Israel called by them? The Torah “Instruction or teaching about God” 1 Written Torah Five Books of Moses Prophets Writings

  9. The Torah The revelation that God gave through Moses gave to Israel

  10. 2 Oral Torah Explanations of the Torah originally passed down verbally from generation to generation. Written down in the 2nd century AD to form the Mishna, discussed to form the Gemara. They were combined to form the Talmud in the 4th century AD

  11. “The traditions of the elders” Matthew 15:1-20

  12. SBS 14/3 Investigating Deuteronomy

  13. Who taught and interpreted the teaching of the Torah throughout the length of the Old Testament? Priests, Scribes and Prophets 2 Chron 34:14-18 Nehemiah 8:1-18 Who were the interpreters of the the Old Testament during the time of Christ on earth? Matt 23:1-4 Pharisees Saducees Essenes Zealots Jesus Matt 5-7, 22,23,Matt 12:1-13, 22:23-39 John 8:1-11, 5:36-40 A conflict of interpretation An important observation Matt 5:17-20 A vital conclusion Matt 22:34-40 Mark 12:28-34 Matt 23:1-36, 26:1-5 A serious confrontation

  14. What should our attitude be to the Old Testament? The attitude of the Lord Jesus Christ! Luke 24:27,44 Whose interpretation of the Old Testament should we accept? The interpretation of the Lord Jesus Christ! Matthew 5:21,22 27,28 How do we apply the teaching of the Old Testament? The way the Lord Jesus Christ applied it! Matthew 4:1-11,5:17-20 How did He apply the teaching of the Old Testament? By the means of the Holy Spirit -God Himself Luke 4:14-30

  15. Anyone come to mind who accepted the interpretation and application that Jesus gave for the Old Testament? Peter - Acts 3:17-26 Stephen - Acts 7:1-60 NB :38,39 What Old Testament Book do they quote? Deuteronomy 18:15,18,19 Who were people of the New testament expecting? John 1:21, 6:14, 7:40

  16. What reasons can we find for Studying the Old testament from what the New Testament points out? 1 It provides an account of the nation of Israel from Abraham to Christ Matthew1:1-17 2 It is the powerful and authoritative word of the only true God who alone is to be worshipped and served Matthew 4:4,7,10 Text 3 It expresses the need and explains the means of salvation 2 Timothy 3:15 4 It presents the mystery of Christ prior to his coming Luke 24:26, 44-46 Acts 13:32-41, 26:22&23, 1 Peter 1:10-12 5 It provides warnings and examples for subsequent generations of God’s people 1 Corinthians 10:1-13 6 It was written to teach us, producing endurance, encouragement and providing hope Romans 15:4 7 It is a means for instructing the man of God to live a righteous life and be equipped for service 2 Timothy 3:16,17

  17. SBS 14/4 Investigating Deuteronomy

  18. Jesus and the New Testament give us good reasons to read/study the Old Testament (Torah) How do we then read/study the OldTestament In its historical context, time frame and geographical setting How should we then view Deuteronomy? 1 In its historical context Deut 1:1, Acts 7:1-50 (Ezekiel 1:1)

  19. N W E S

  20. Jericho

  21. Looking east across the Dead Sea to Mt Nebo

  22. The Jordan Valley - west to east

  23. The Dead Sea - east to west

  24. Mt Nebo looking over the Dead Sea “This is the land I promosed on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob... Deut 34:4

  25. Jerusalem Jericho

  26. Who? Where? When? Moses & Israel Deut 1:3 Jericho Mt Nebo Moab Red Sea Meribah Mt Hor What? Edom Wilderness Deut 1:1,3,5 Why? Deut 1:8 Mt Sinai

  27. A view and a promise Who received the promise first? Abraham Who saw the view later? Mt Nebo looking over the Dead Sea Moses “This is the land I promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob... Deut 34:4

  28. Who? Where? When? Moses & Israel Deut 1:3 Jericho Mt Nebo Moab Red Sea Meribah Mt Hor What? Edom Wilderness Deut 1:1,3,5 Why? Deut 1:8 Mt Sinai

  29. A view and a promise Who received the promise first? Abraham Who saw the view later? Mt Nebo looking over the Dead Sea Moses “This is the land I promised on oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob... Deut 34:4

  30. How should we then view Deuteronomy? 1 In its historical Context Deut 1:1, Acts 7:1-50 (Ezekiel 1:1) 2 With a God given perspective Luke 24:25-27, Acts 26:22-27 3 By associated application 1 Cor 10:6-12,Jude 11 4 Through progressive understanding Genesis 9:4-6, Lev 17:14 Deut 12:16, John 6:52-56 Deut 21:23 1 Cor 5:7,8 10:3,4 5 Seeing the real from the shadow Hebrews 8:5, 9:23,10:1,15,16 Colossians 2:16,17

  31. SBS 14/5 Investigating Deuteronomy

  32. B Getting to know Deuteronomy 1 The title of the book a Deuteronomy means “second law” taken from a misunderstanding of the words “copy of this law” (Deut 17:18) when translated into Greek in the 3rd century BC b “Eleh ha devarim ” Hebrew meaning ‘these are the words’ Deut 1:1 The first words of the book By the way the rest of the books of Moses, Torah have these titles Genesis “Bereishith” - ‘in the beginning’ Exodus “Shemoth” - ‘the names’ Leviticus “Vayiqra - ‘and he called’ Numbers “Bamidbar - ‘in the wilderness’ 2 Structure of the book a Speeches or sermons of Moses b Document like a king/vassal treaty of the day c Developed decalogue

  33. 3 An overview of the book a Lessons from the past chs 1-4 b Love exercised in the relationship chs 5-11 c Life dependent upon instruction chs 12-26 d Life determined by decisions chs 27-30 e Leadership re-assigned by authority chs 31-34

  34. 4 Questions to ask the Lord about the book Why do you want your people to enter into the land of Canaan?

  35. 4 Questions to ask the Lord about the book a Why do you want your people to enter into the land of Canaan? - I keep my promises and want my people to enter into the blessing of them Deut 1:8 - I love my people and want them to experience the faithfulness of who I am. Deut 7:7,8 “It is a feature of the Old Testament’s portrayal of Yaweh that easily grates on the modern person because of the infectious pluralism that disapproves such exclusivity. But it is also, of course, fundamentally reassuring. The covenant relationship between God and God’s people really means something only if God is totally committed to it.” “A God who is not jealous for the reciprocal commitment of God’s people would be as contemptible as a husband who didn’t care whether or not his wife was faithful to him” Chris Wright

  36. 4 Questions to ask the Lord about the book a Why do you want your people to enter into the land of Canaan? - I keep my promises and want my people to enter into the blessing of them Deut 1:8 - I love my people and want them to experience the faithfulness of who I am. Deut 7:7 - I am committed to the nations of the world and declare salvation to them through those who are mine Genesis 12:1-3 Deut 4:5-8 - I am righteous and just and have no option but to bring judgement on sin and wickedness Deut 7:1-6 - I want to provide a timeless illustration of salvation and the life that is available in Christ for now and for all eternity Hebrews 4

  37. b What do your people need to enjoy you and the Promised Land? -They need to know who“I am” Exodus 3, 6:6-8, 16:1-11 Deuteronomy 1:19-45 -They need to understand my wordDeut 4:10,36 11:18 -They need to follow my ways Deut 1:33, 5:33 - They need to learn to walkwith me Deut 5:33, 10:12 What are people considered to have or be in if they “walk” together? “A relationship” What comes with or must be recognized in a relationship? “responsibility”

  38. Am I teachable? “A point is reached in soul-history when the people of God are prepared to review the past, and to take account of it under the instruction of Christ, of whom Moses is undoubtedly a type. We are not capable of taking a spiritual review of God’s ways with us, or of our own behaviour relative to those ways until we reach a position which answers to the “land of Moab.” C A Coates

  39. A view and a promise SBS 14/7 Deuteronomy “These are the words” responsibility’ ‘A relationship with

  40. 1 What was found in Eshcol? 2 Who were Sihon and Og and what size was Og’s bed? 3 What happened at Baal Peor? 4 What does the 6th commandment say? 5 Moses said “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be ___ ___ ___.” 6 How many nations were Israel to drive out of canaan? 7 How did the Lord use the 40 years in the lives of Israel? 8 How many stone “tablets” were chisled out on Mt Sinai? 9 What did Moses say that he was setting before them and would be proclaimed form Mt Gerizim or Mt Ebal? 10 What did the Israelites have to destroy on the high mountains of Canaan?

  41. C Getting started in Deuteronomy Two strategic events 1 Theredemptionby Jehovah through the Red Sea 4:34,35 - establishing the relationship 2 Therevelationof Jehovah on Mount Sinai 4:1-24,32,33,35-38 - outlining the responsibility Note Romans 3:1,2 Two strategic events

  42. Who? Where? When? Moses & Israel Deut 1:3 Instruction Jericho Mt Nebo Moab Red Sea Redemption Meribah Mt Hor What? Edom Wilderness Correction Deut 1:1,3,5 Why? Deut 1:8 Revelation Mt Sinai

  43. C Getting started in Deuteronomy Two strategic events 1 Theredemptionby Jehovah through the Red Sea 4:34,35 - establishing the relationship 2 Therevelationof Jehovah on Mount Sinai 4:1-24,32,33,35-38 - outlining the responsibility Note Romans 3:1,2 Deuteronomy 1-12, 30-34 Several helpful chapters to read Numbers 20-36, Nehemiah 9,10 Psalm 105,106 1 Corinthians 10:1-13, Hebrews 3:7-13 Two strategic events

  44. Am I teachable?