Maya Angelou By: Tynesia Fuller Eng.IV Hon. 2011
Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Johnson on April 4, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri. • I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings Set in Stamps, Arkansas • Gather Together in My Name • The Heart of a Woman • Reynolds Professor at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • In 1993, Angelou wrote and delivered a poem, "On The Pulse of the Morning," at the inauguration for President Bill Clinton , former governor of Arkansas .
Life and Legacy • Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Johnson on April 4, 1928, in St. Louis, Missouri. • After her parents' marriage ended, she and her brother, Bailey (who gave her the name "Maya"), were sent to rural Stamps, Arkansas, to live with their grandmother. • Although her grandmother helped her develop pride and self-confidence, Angelou was devastated when she was raped at the age of eight by her mother's boyfriend while on a visit to St. Louis. • Several of her uncles beat him to death. Believing that she had caused the man's death by speaking his name, She refused to speak for five years. • She attended public schools in Arkansas and later California. While still in high school she became the first ever African American female streetcar conductor in San Francisco, California. She gave birth to a son at age sixteen. In 1950 she married Tosh Angelo's, a Greek sailor, but the marriage lasted only a few years
The Never Ending Drive • In 1959, at the request of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Maya Angelou became the northern coordinator for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. • From 1961 to 1962 she was associate editor of The Arab Observer in Cairo, Egypt, the only English-language news weekly in the Middle East, and from 1964 to 1966 she was feature editor of the African Review in Accra, Ghana. • She returned to the U.S. in 1974 and was appointed by Gerald Ford to the Bicentennial Commission and later by Jimmy Carter to the Commission for International Woman of the Year. • She accepted a lifetime appointment in 1981 as Reynolds Professor of American Studies at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. • In 1993, Angelou wrote and delivered a poem, "On The Pulse of the Morning," at the inauguration for President Bill Clinton at his request
Creating the Foundation • Maya Angelou Started a foundation called See Forever Foundation. At See Forever/Maya Angelou, low-income students, students with special needs and students who have disconnected from the educational system, develop the academic, social and employment skills that they need to build rewarding lives and promote positive change in their communities.
Creation in the books/poems • Great food all day long • Letter to My Daughter • The Collected Autobiographies of Maya • I Shall Not Be Moved • Gather Together in My Name • Singin’ & Swingin’ and Getting Merry Like Christmas • Celebrations: Rituals of Peace and Prayer • Phenomenal Women • My Painted House, My Friendly Chicken and Me • A Song Flung Up to Heaven • Hallelujah: The Welcome Table • Amazing Peace: A Christmas Poem • All Gods’ Children Needs Traveling Shoes • Still I Rise
I Know Why the Cage Birds Sing • I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings captures the longing of lonely children, the brute insult of bigotry, and the wonder of words that can make the world right. Maya Angelou’s first memoir, published in 1969 is a modern American classic beloved worldwide. • Sent by their mother to their devout, self-sufficient grandmother in a small Southern town, Maya and her brother, Bailey, endure the ache of abandonment and the prejudice of the local “powhite trash.” When she journeys at eight to her mother’s side in St. Louis, she is attacked by a man many times her age. • Years later, in San Francisco, she learns about love for herself–and has to live with the consequences for a lifetime. The kindness of others, Maya’s own strong spirit, and the ideas of great authors (“I met and fell in love with William Shakespeare”) will allow her to be free instead of imprisoned. • * Cage bird representing the struggle and drive to be free yet knowing you just can not fly away from any problem. The cage representing being stripped from your freedom, someone else took away
Films Quincy Jones -- The First 50 Years (1998) • Role: Actor • Images of Life: Photographs That Changed the World (1997) • Role: Actor • Elmo Saves Christmas (1997) • Role: Narrator • How Do You Spell God? (1997) • Role: Other, Voice • America's Dream (1996) • Role: From Story • Touched By an Angel (1996) • Role: Other, Actor • Maya Angelou Talking With David Frost (1996)
Lifetime Awards • Chubb Fellowship Award – Yale University 1970 • National Book Award for “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings” 1970 • Pulitzer Prize Nomination for “Just Give Me a Cool Drink of Water 'Fore I Dixie” 1972 • Tony Award Nomination for performance in “Look Away” 1973 • Emmy Award Nomination for “Roots” 1977, The North Carolina Award in Literature 1987 • American Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award 1990,Essence Woman of the Year 1992 • Horatio Alger Award 1992, Woman in Film Award 1992 • Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album 1994, Spingarn Award NAACP 1994 • President's Award, Collegiate of Language Association for Outstanding Achievements, Winston-Salem, NC 1996 • Southern Christian Leadership Conference of Los Angeles & Martin Luther King, Jr., Legacy Association National Award 1996 • Humanitarian Contribution Award, Boston, MA 1997 • Alston/Jones International Civil & Human Rights Award 1998 • Lifetime Achievement Award for Literature 1999,Presidential Medal of Arts 2000
Quotations: • About life “Life loves the liver of it.” • About herself “My life has been one great b big joke, a dance that’s walked.” • About women “There is a very fine line between loving life and being greedy for it.” • About Talent and life “Poetry is music written for the human voice.” • About advice “Laugh as much as you can.”
Works Cited Page • http://mayaangelou.com/ • Www.google.com • www.maya –Angelo .NET • http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/87 • www.seeforever.com • http://www.notablebiographies.com/An-Ba/Angelou-Maya.html