USING PHRASES TO IMPROVE YOUR WRITING! We improve our writing craft when we learn to use a variety of sentence structures and styles effectively. Today we are investigating three types of phrases you can add to your writer’s toolbox! *an appositive phrase *a participle phrase *a prepositional phrase
What is the difference between… *an appositive phrase *a participle phrase *a prepositional phrase Appositive–renames a noun; gives more information about the noun home,a safe place to gather (renaming noun home) Participle–modifies a noun; begins with ING participle bling,sparkling and shining brightly (modifying noun with action ING) Prepositional phrase–modifies noun or verb; begins with preposition (in, at, on, with, beneath) and ends with an object (noun/pronoun) summer at the beach on a bright sunny day (no comma)
To help you with your prepositional phrases, here is a list of the most common prepositions:
WITH A CHRISTMAS TWIST!!! • You are going to create a “What is Christmas?” poem… • Begin thinking about all the things you LOVE about the whole Christmas season. • What do you see, hear, smell, feel, taste? • What do you enjoy doing?
WHAT IS CHRISTMAS? ~ BRAINSTORMING Brainstorm at least FIVE items for each category Christmas sounds: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Christmas smells: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Christmas tastes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Christmas sights: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Christmas feelings: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Christmas activities: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
WHAT IS CHRISTMAS NOT? ~ BRAINSTORMING Brainstorm at least FIVE items for each category Sounds: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Smells: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Tastes: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Sights: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Feelings: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Activities: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE USING EASTER INSTEAD OF CHRISTMAS • First, write 6 things that Christmas IS… • Then, write 5 things that Christmas is NOT… • Finally, elaborate with either: • an appositive phrase • a participle phrase, or • a prepositional phrase
WHAT IS EASTER? ~ A POEM MODEL Original before adding phrases for elaboration Easter is fancy dresses. 6 lines using what Easter IS… …egg hunters.…chocolate.…confetti eggs.…church.Easter is Springtime!Easter is not the beach.….fireworks.…pumpkin pie. 5 lines using what …autumn leaves. Easter is NOT…Easter is NOT a winter’s day.
WHAT IS EASTER? ~ A POEM MODEL Original AFTER adding phrases for elaboration Easter is fancy dresses with pink sashes and puffy sleeves. …egg hunters, racing to be the first to find the golden egg.…chocolate, a soothing burst of melted happiness.…confetti eggs, cracking on heads, creating laughter.…church, joyfully worshipping a risen Savior. Easter is Springtime, the awakening of nature long asleep! Easter is not the beach, on a lawn chair under a hot sun.…fireworks, lighting up the night sky with “oohs” and “ahhs”.…pumpkin pie, Thanksgiving’s piece de resistance. …autumn leaves, falling, swirling, crackling, crunching. Easter is NOT a winter’s day, nature’s time to slumber.