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Introduction to Genesis

Introduction to Genesis

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Introduction to Genesis

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  1. Introduction to Genesis 3 January 2010

  2. What is Genesis? Meanings: • “birth” • “creation” • “cause” • “beginning” • “source” • “origin”

  3. Who wrote Genesis? • Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible • These have different names: • The Torah • TheFive Books of Moses • ThePentateuch (Greek for "five containers," which refers to the scroll cases in which books were being kept.)

  4. The Pentateuch Genesis – traditions of the origins of mankind and the Hebrew race Exodus – history of Israel’s deliverance from Egyptian bondage and their establishment as a nation at Mt. Sinai (when the Law was given) Leviticus – more laws to govern the nation

  5. The Pentateuch Numbers – census and genealogy of Israel, spies sent out scout the land, sin at Kadesh Barnea that caused 40 years of wandering Deuteronomy – a series of sermons by Moses shortly before he died and before Israel went into Canaan to take the land

  6. When did Moses write the Pentateuch? • During Israel’s 40 yearsof wandering in the desert • Perhaps some time between 1462 and 1422 B.C. ?1445 and 1405 B.C. ?

  7. Pentateuch Time Period • From creation(about 3975 B.C., according to the genealogies given.) • Until the time of Moses’ death(about 1422 B.C., but this is only according to one dating theory.)

  8. Genesis Outline • Gen. 1:1 - 11:9 • Beginning of the human race • About 3975 – 1967 B.C. • About 2000 years? • Gen. 11:10 - 50:26 • Beginning of the Hebrew race • About 1967 – 1606 B.C. • About 360 years?

  9. Beginning of the Human Race • Creation • Fall of man • First civilizations • The flood • The tower of Babel • Nations scattered

  10. Beginning of the Hebrew Race • Abram called from Ur and obeys • Abram given an unconditional promise • Descendants (race) • Blessing (for separation from nations) • Land (forever) • Abram separates from Lot • Abram, Hagar and Ishmael(the beginning of Arab – Israeli conflict)

  11. Beginning of the Hebrew Race • Abraham, Sarah and Isaac • Isaac, Rebecca, Esau and Jacob • Jacob deceives Isaac and flees for his life • Jacob obtains 4 wives and 12 sons • Joseph’s brothers sell him into slavery • Joseph interprets dreams in Egypt • Joseph saves many from starvation

  12. Bible Lands Overview Bible Lands Overview

  13. Bible Lands Overview

  14. Garden of Eden Mediterranean Israel Egypt ©

  15. Noah’s Ark 1 Noah’s Ark Mount Ararat (Turkey) Mediterranean Israel (Future) Egypt ©

  16. Noah’s Ark 2 © Mount Ararat Turkey Mediterranean Sea Israel Cyprus NASA Photo

  17. Noah’s Ark Mt. Ararat A view from space of Snow covered Mt. Ararat and Little Ararat inactive volcanoes located in eastern Turkey. Mount Ararat rises over 3 miles above sea level. Noah’s Ark rested somewhere near here. Mt. Ararat NASA Photo ©

  18. Tower of Babel Tower of Babel Israel (Future) Tower of Babel Mediterranean Egypt ©

  19. Abraham’s Journey Abraham’s Journeys Canaan Haran & Ur of the Chaldeans (Iraq) Mediterranean Egypt ©

  20. Abraham’s Journey to Egypt Abraham’s Journey to Egypt Canaan Mediterranean Sea Nile Delta Nile Egypt Sinai ©

  21. Abraham in Canaan Abraham’s pastures Mediterranean Sea Canaan Lot’s pastures Hebron Sodom

  22. Wandering’s of Jacob Jacob left his Father’s home and went to Haran to flee from Esau and to get a wife. He had the vision of the stairway to heaven. Years later he returned along the same route. Mediterranean Sea Canaan The Wanderings of Jacob Dead Sea Hebron Isaac’s Home

  23. Joseph’s Journey to Egypt Joseph’s Journey to Egypt Canaan Mediterranean Sea Joseph sold to caravan Nile Delta Potiphar & Pharaoh Nile Sinai Egypt ©

  24. Joseph’s Family to Goshen Joseph’s Families Journey to Goshen Due to the Famine Fertile Nile Delta Canaan Egypt ©

  25. O.T. Values for Christians • In the O.T. we see the mind, will, heart, and desires of the living God of the universe. • It still provides a spiritual guide. • It reminds us of promises yet to be fulfilled, especially messianic & millennial • It is useful for worship & praise

  26. O.T. Values for Christians • The God of Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and David is my God – what he said to them is of value to me • It points to the Messiah & is a witness to him and his reason for coming

  27. O.T. & N.T. Contrasted “The New Testament lies hidden in the Old and the Old is made plain in the New.” - Augustine of Hippo “ . . . The Bible of the Apostolic churchwas the Old Testament; and . . . it was the OT that the first Christians turned to for guidance” - T. W. Manson

  28. O.T. & N.T. Contrasted • O.T saints were saved by faithin Him who was to come in the future. • N.T. saints are saved by faithin Him who has come already. If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. - Gal. 3:29 NKJV

  29. O.T. & N.T. Contrasted • The O.T. teaches us about Godby showing us how He workedin and through the lives of individuals and nations, and what He expected of His people then. • The N.T. tells us about God and what He wants of Christians today.

  30. O.T. & N.T. Compared • Both promise blessings for obedience • Both promise curses for disobedience

  31. Blessings and curses “See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse - the blessing if you obey the commands of the LORD your God … the curse if you disobey.” - Deut. 11:26-28 NIV

  32. Blessings and curses “Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock.” - Mt. 7:24,25 NIV

  33. Blessings and curses “But everyone who hears these words of mine and does not put them into practice is like a foolish man who built his house on sand. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell with a great crash.” - Mt. 7:26,27 NIV

  34. Eternal importance of obeying God’s commands Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter:Fear God and keep his commandments,for this is the whole duty of man.For God will bring every deed into judgment, including every hidden thing, whether it is good or evil. -Ecclesiastes 12:13,14 NIV

  35. What commands to obey • O.T. saints: O.T. commands • Timeless moral commands • Commands given through special revelation

  36. O.T. commands “For most certainly, I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not even one smallest letter or one tiny pen stroke shall in any way pass away from the law, until all things are accomplished.” - Mt. 5:18 This means that 100% of the O.T. law was expected to be obeyed until Jesus accomplished His work on the cross.

  37. What commands to obey • N.T. saints: N.T. commands • Timeless moral commands (mentioned in both the O.T. & N.T) • Other revealed commands (unique to the N.T., but given by Jesus and the apostles) • Exclude obsolete O.T. commands(those not repeated in the N.T., like circumcision, animal sacrifices, visiting Jerusalem three times each year, not working on Saturdays, etc.)

  38. Obsolete O.T. commands When there is a change of the priesthood, there must also be a change of the law. - Heb. 7:12 NIV

  39. Benefit of the O.T. today These things happened to themas examples and were written downas warnings for us, ... So, if you think you are standing firm, be careful that you don't fall!- 1 Cor. 10:11,12 NIV

  40. Be careful you don’t fall Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness. Otherwise you also will be cut off.- Rom. 11:22 NKJV

  41. Bibliography • Special thanks goes to the following: • for their maps • NASA for their Satellite images • Bruce Wilkinson & Kenneth Boa for their information inTalk Thru the Bible • Walt Henrichsen for his wisdom and insight shared during Bible studies he has led and in books, articles and e-mails he has written • Edward Reese for his chronology and dating inThe Reese Chronological Bible