K-W-L • This is what I know about Differentiating Instruction (DI) • This is what I want to know about DI • This is what I learned about DI
Differentiation is…. • Creating different opportunities within the same curriculum • Putting students in situations where they don’t know the answer – often • Differing the product from simple to complex • Differing the process from concrete to abstract
Differentiation is…… • Differing the content from below to above grade level • Differing the pace from slow to accelerated
Differentiation isn’t….. • Creating more work (extra credit or “do this when you’re done.”) • Using higher standards when grading • Giving the same work, but expecting more • Providing free-time challenge activities
Differentiation isn’t….. • Using capable students as tutors to classmates • Using individualized instruction exclusively
Carol Tomlinson, Ph.D. “Differentiation calls on us to make big leaps in the way we think about the classroom and curriculum. It takes a willingness to be a teacher who partners with kids in teaching and learning – who’s more of a facilitator than a dictator. It challenges the sense that curriculum is just coverage of facts.”
How Do I Differentiate? • Keep the focus on concepts, emphasizing understanding and sense-making • Use ongoing assessments of readiness and interests – preassess to find students needing more support and those who can excel • Make grouping flexible. Move between whole-group, groups, and individuals.
Why should I differentiate? • There is strong evidence that meeting students where they are and addressing their needs is more likely to make their learning efficient and effective.
Why • Meet the diverse needs of ALL our learners • Multiple Intelligences, IEPs and 504 plans, learning styles, cultural and linguistic differences • Address the Standards (local, state, and national)
When and How • Daily, weekly, monthly, yearly • Teachers move away from seeing themselves as keepers and dispensers of knowledge • Teachers move toward seeing themselves as organizers of learning opportunities • Teachers organize classes for effective activity with a concentration on exploration
Rules of Thumb – How to differentiate • Be clear on the key concepts and generalizations • Every lesson should emphasize critical thinking • Every lesson should be engaging • Provide a balance between student-selected and teacher assigned tasks and working arrangements
Differentiating involves 3 aspects of the curriculum • Content • Process • Products
3 Aspects of Differentiating • Content: refers to concepts, principles, and skills that teachers want students to learn • Process: refers to the activities that help students make sense of, and come to own, the ideas and skills being taught • Products: refers to culminating projects that allow students to demonstrate and extend what they have learned
What does a differentiated classroom look like? • Teachers begin where the students are • Teachers engage students in instruction through different learning modalities • A student competes more against him/herself than others • Teachers provide ways for each individual to learn • Teachers use classroom time flexibly
Where do I go for help? • LessonPlanet.com • www.repidresources.com • Motherearthnews.com • www.everythingesl.net/
Where do we go from here? • Set clear expectations for student-centered responsive instruction • Create mentoring opportunities between and among your colleagues • Look to teachers who practice DI to provide models • Start slowly and purposefully – don’t take on any more than you’re ready for!
Differentiating Instruction:Something you can do to Meet All Your Students Needs
Differentiating Curricular elements • Content: refers to “input” of the unit – ideas, concepts, information and facts • Process: refers to the ways students make their own sense of the content or input. Process is the how of teaching
Product • Product is the output of the unit or the ways students demonstrate their understanding of the content: role-plays, multimedia presentations, brochures, plays, songs, graphic organizers, posters, research papers, essays, videos, etc.
When organizing a differentiated lesson, ask these ?’s • What are the key concepts that every student must know, understand, and be able to do? • What is being differentiated? (content, process, product) • How is this lesson being differentiated? (readiness, interests, learning profiles)
Why is this lesson being differentiated? (motivation, access, efficiency)
THINK/PAIR/SHARE • 1. How can you create a learning environment that supports differentiation of instruction? • How can you prepare students for differentiation of instruction? • What can you do to help students understand their learning differences?
DI Terms • Anchoring Activities: These are done at the beginning of the class period. The teacher provides students with options of things they may work on as an initial exercise. Usually they are a series of tasks. Students move from task to the next as they are completed.
DI Terms • Adjusting Questions: These can be in the form of a daily quiz or question/answer period during which time the teacher determines comprehension of previous class work. The teacher can target interest, readiness, and level of complexity of students.
DI Terms • Tiered Assignments: Providing students a variety of choices, depending on degree of interest, readiness, and complexity.
DI Terms • Learning Contracts: Students are provided with a listing of which tasks are to be completed. • Flexible Grouping: Teachers group students according to mixed readiness and/or interest.
K-W-L Differentiated Instruction • This is what I know. • This is what I want to know. • This is what I learned.