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Wisdom of Bear Wood

Wisdom of Bear Wood

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Wisdom of Bear Wood

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  1. Lesson 4 Wisdom of Bear Wood Book 3 Michael Welzenbach

  2. Lesson 4 Part One: Warm-upPart Two: Background InformationPart Three: Text AppreciationPart Four: Language Study Part Five: Extension Book 3 Contents W B T L E

  3. Make up a story with the following elements. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood Part One Warm Up Work in groups. Your imagination is encouraged! a boy woodlands an owl shortbread a cottage an old lady To be continued on the next page.

  4. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Compare your story with the text. Have you found anything unexpected? The end of Story Telling.

  5. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood Part Two Background Information • Author • Berkshire

  6. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Author Michael Welzenbach (1954—2001) was an art critic as well as a poet and novelist. He wrote some of the most stimulating criticisms of art and music for the Washington Post. The end of Author.

  7. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Berkshire Situated in the heart of southern England, the County of Berkshire, also known as "Royal Berkshire" is home to several well-known towns and cities, such as Windsor, where the famous royal retreat Windsor Castle can be found. Another royal connection is the Town of Ascot, famous for its very popular annual horse racing festival— "Royal Ascot". Berkshire also boasts many picturesque villages with views across the River Thames absolutely stunning. To be continued on the next page.

  8. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Berkshire Please mark out Berkshire in the map given. Berkshire, a county of southern England, that occupies the valleys of the middle Thames and its tributary, the Kennet, immediately to the west of London. Its area is 485 sq mi (1,256 sq km), and it is divided into six districts: Bracknell, Newbury, Reading, Slough, Windsor and Wokingham. To be continued on the next page.

  9. Picture Tour of Berkshire Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Berkshire Shaw House—15th century Elizabethan Manor House Kennet & Avon Canal To be continued on the next page.

  10. Picture Tour of Berkshire Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Berkshire the sun setting over the River Thames the Weir at Streatley To be continued on the next page.

  11. Picture Tour of Berkshire Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Berkshire • a modern town • situated on the south bank of the River Thames and to the west of London • today a residential and local service center William I the Conqueror (reigned from 1066 to 1087) built the original fortress. Windsor Windsor Castle The end of Berkshire.

  12. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood Part Three Text appreciation • Text Analysis • 1.General Analysis • 2.Theme • 3.Structure • 4.Further Discussion • Writing Devices • 1.Homonyms • 2.Antithesis • 3.Onomatopoeia • III. Sentence Paraphrase

  13. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis Have you got the key elements in the story? Plot of the story Setting of the story Protagonists of the story Writing techniquesof the story Themeof the story To be continued on the next page.

  14. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis For reference. Plot: the cultivation of friendship between a boy and an old lady Setting: Bear wood Protagonists: "I" and Mrs. Robertson- Glasgow Writing techniques: go to Writing Devices Theme of the story: go to the next page The end of General Analysis.

  15. Theme of the Story Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis The theme is summed up at the very end. True friendship is both rare and precious. It exists deep in heart and does not change. It is enduring and rewarding. The end of Theme.

  16. Structure of the Text The end of Structure. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis The lonely boy found his pleasure in Bear Wood. Part 1 (paras. 1─ ) about: Part 2 (paras. ) about: Part 3 (paras. ) about: Part 4 (paras. ) about: 4 5─23 The boy met Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow in the Bear Wood and they became best friends. 24─27 Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow became sick and dead while their friendship flourished more than ever before. 28─37 The revelation of true love.

  17. Friendship Between Two Souls Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  Scan the text and list out the related information. • old • English • woman • lost her husband • 12 • American • boy • separated from friends 1. lonely 2. common interest—nature and knowledge 3. true love—giving not taking 4. others… To be continued on the next page.

  18. Beauties vs. Beauties Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  Discuss in groups! Beauties that lie in the Wood • a vaulted cathedral • … Beauties that lie in the friendship • giving but no taking • … To be continued on the next page.

  19. When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, the fourth major move in my short life. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis In Para. 1  Question: What does the author intend to emphasize, using this sentence as the opening? The author intends to impress the readers that the boy disliked moving very much. The comparison formed between "12" and "4" is impressive. To be continued on the next page.

  20. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  Question: What can you learn from the first 3 sentences of Paragraph 2? From the "Background information" we've already got a good idea that in Berkshire there are lots of historic interests, including some famous ancient castles. For little boys, ancient castles usually mean brave explorations and endless pursuit of mysterious treasures. The boy, however, had no taste for these kinds of things. Instead, he just loved nature. Maybe besides this reason, he was also trying to avoid any involvement with other boys. To be continued on the next page.

  21. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis Pay attention to the wording. • Question:In the beginning of the story, what did Bear Wood mean to the little boy?  • heaven—but a lonely heaven (Was he really happy about the situation?) • a secret fortress (What to defend?Did itform attachments or loneliness?) • almost a holy place (Why holy?) • a private paradise (Who was going to intrude into it?) To be continued on the next page.

  22. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  • Question: What is the implication of Paragraph 7? Following the 6 short sentences connected by 5 "ands" and 1 "so", the readers can feel, in a vivid way, the boy is not at ease and is eager to leave. • Question:The owls are "introduced", "not native". What is indicated here? In fact, neither the old lady nor the little boy is native in Berkshire. The only common thing is that they can share nature peacefully and happily with the introduced animals. To be continued on the next page.

  23. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis Comparison and contrast  • Question: Compare the two sentences. • "… she was growing frailer and less inclined to laugh." • "I began to grow quickly. I played soccer and made a good friend." • With time passing, the old lady was dying; at the meantime, with the inspiration of the friendship, the boy was developing into a confident and open-minded boy and no longer afraid of having new friends. To be continued on the next page.

  24. I suspected, of course, that she was lonely; I did not know she was ill. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  In Para. 26 Question: What is the implication here? The old lady was so kind to the boy. She was so involved in furthering the communication with the boy that he even failed to notice how ill she was. Of course, because she was quite open to him, he could understand her loneliness.     To be continued on the next page.

  25. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis  Question: Why does the image of "the biscuit tin" reoccur so many times in the last part of the story? Image study • Such an image entails a lot: • the finest shortbread in the world made by the old lady; • the everlasting friendship between them; • the kindness best shown by the boy's favorite snacks even before her death; • the odds and ends kept to remind how much the boy had learned from the old lady—not only knowledge about nature, but also about lively life and rewarding friendship. To be continued on the next page.

  26. Further Discussion About the Story Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis • How did the boy come to live in England? • How did he like the frequent moves? • What did he usually do to amuse himself? • Why did Bear Wood become his favorite? • How did the boy come to meet Mrs. Robertson-Glasgow? • How did they become friends? To be continued on the next page.

  27. Further Discussion About the Story Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Text Analysis • Why did they enjoy each other's company so much? • What did the boy discover about the elderly woman? • Can you imagine what kind of life she had had? • How did the boy suddenly lose his dear friend? • Why did the boy remember so fondly his days in the Bear Wood? • Retell the story in your own words. The end of Further Discussion.

  28. Homonyms Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices More examples Bear Wood stand sth. difficult or unpleasant a large strong animal Homonyms: words that happen to have the same sound and often the same spelling but differ in meaning. In dictionaries, they are put in different entries. To be continued on the next page.

  29. Homonyms Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices • b • 2. a • 3. a • 4. b • 1. A ___ is an animal. • a. bare • b. bear • 2. When it ___, it pours. • a. rains • b. reigns • c. reins 3. It is dishonest to ___. a. steal b. steel 4. A ___ is a type of tree. a. beach b. beech To be continued on the next page.

  30. Homonyms Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices 5. a 6. b 7. a 8. a • 5. Take me ___ your leader! • a. to • b. too • c. two • 6. What a ___ of good milk! • a. waist • b. waste 7. My ___ is naturally curly. a. hair b. hare 8. The team ___ the playoffs. a. won b. one To be continued on the next page.

  31. Homonyms Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices 9. a 10. a 11. b 12. b 9. She vanished into thin ___. a. air b. heir 10. The ___ of France is Paris. a. capital b. capitol 11. Come ___ right this minute! a. hear b. here 12. The window ___ was cracked. a. pain b. pane The end of Homonyms.

  32. Antithesis Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices Antithesis: the relation between successive units that are put in contrast Familiarity sometimes makes people physically invisible, for you find yourself talking to the heart—to the essence, as it were, rather than to the face. (26) a pair of antitheses "what is deep down" vs. "what can be physically seen" To be continued on the next page.

  33. Antithesis: More Examples Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices Translation. Pay special attention to the italic words. • Caring for a family member yourself can be enriching and rewarding but also demanding and draining. • As a spot on the weather map, Rochester is one chilly town. But as a model for educational reform, it's shaping up as the hottest place in America. • Terms like liberal and conservative do more to muddle than to clarify. Keys

  34. Antithesis: More Examples Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices • 自己照顾家人,虽然可以让你在心灵上得到充实和回报,但这也是一份对你要求很高、甚至使你精疲力尽的工作。 • 在气象图上,罗彻斯特只是一个寒冷的小城。但作为教育改革的典范,该城市正渐渐成为全美的炙热焦点。 • 自由、保守等字眼非但没有澄清反倒让人糊涂。 The end of Antithesis.

  35. Onomatopoeia Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices More examples … I’d leave the bright sun and the twitter and rustle of insects and animals outside and creep into another world—a vaulted cathedral,…(4) Onomatopoeia: the formation of words that are like natural sounds To be continued on the next page.

  36. Onomatopoeia: More Examples Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices Can you imitate the sounds of these words? • thetwitter of birds • therustleof leaves • thehissof the snake • thegurgleof the water • thecrackingof the fire • thebangingof the door • theflutteringof the flag • therumbling of the waves • thetick-tockof the clock To be continued on the next page.

  37. Onomatopoeia: More Examples Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices Translation. Pay special attention to the underlined words. 汤姆·卡维尔10月21日在睡眠中卒于纽约州松原市,终年84岁。他在世时是冰淇淋业大亨,在无线电及电视广告中推销自己公司的产品达35年之久。他的声音是一种几乎无法描述的 _____________________ _____________________的混合物。 Tom Carvel, 84, the ice-cream tycoon whose voice—a near-indescribable mix ofgrumble, mumble, raspandgasp― peddled his company’s wares in radio and TV ads for 35 years, died in his sleep in Pine Plains, N.Y., Oct. 21. 嘟嘟囔囔、咕咕哝哝、嘎喳嘎喳、噗哧噗哧 To be continued on the next page.

  38. Onomatopoeia: More Examples Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Writing Devices • "What be ye looking at?" asked a man who had not observed the incident. • "Ho-ho-ho!" laughed dark Car. • "Hee-hee-hee!" laughed the tippling bride, as she steadied herself on the arm of her fond husband. • "Heu-heu-heu!" laughed dark Car's mother, stroking her moustache as she explained laconically, "Out of the frying-pan into the fire!" • FromTess of the d’Urbervilles Chapter 10 • by Thomas Hardy For appreciation. The end of Writing Devices.

  39. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 1 When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, the fourth major move in my short life. (1) More examples noun phrase as a condensed non-restrictive relative clause When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, which was the fourth major move in my short life. go to 2 To be continued on the next page.

  40. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase • Lottie grinned, a real wide open grin. • His father was laughing, a queer sobbing sort of a laugh. back to 1

  41. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 2 • My father's government job demanded that he go overseas every few years, so I was used to wrenching myself away from friends. (1) More examples subjunctive mood not "went" or "goes" twisting and pulling myself violently away from friends go to 3 To be continued on the next page.

  42. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 1. In the past men generally preferred that their wives _______ in the home. A. worked B. would work C. work D. were working Key C C 2. Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it ______ in a religious as well as worldly frame of reference. A. is to be analyzed B. had been analyzed C. be analyzed D. should have been analyzed back to 2

  43. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 3 • Loving nature, however, I was most delighted by the endless patchwork of farms and woodland that surrounded our house. (2) More examples farms that look like small pieces of cloth of different colors when seen from far above present participle phrase, showing the reason However, as (because) I loved nature, I was really very happy to enjoy the endless pieces of farms and woods around our house. go to 4 To be continued on the next page.

  44. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase • Being a few minutes late, he was dismissed. • Having been criticized, he made up his mind to improve his work thoroughly. back to 3

  45. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 4 • In the deep woods that verged against our back fence, a network of paths led almost everywhere, and pheasants rocketed off into the dense laurels ahead as you walked. (2) • was close to; was at the edge or on the border of • a system of roads that cross each other and are connected to each other pheasants went off like rockets go to 5

  46. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 5 • Keeping to myself was my way of not forming attachments that I would only have to abandon the next time we moved. (3) More examples • not mixing with or talking to other people gerund phrases I did not try to make many friends because in that way I did not have to give up my friendship the next time I had to move. go to 6 To be continued on the next page.

  47. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase • You can have it for the asking. • I feel like going shopping today. How about you? • Our family make a point of going to church every Sunday. • The old lady had great difficulty getting onthe bus. • The children are having fun playing on the playground. back to 5

  48. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 6 • My own breathing rang in my ears, and the slightest stirring of any woodland creature echoed through this private paradise. (4) • movement gerund phrase I could even hear my own breathing, and even the lightest movement of any bird or animal in the wood could be heard throughout this paradise. go to 7

  49. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase 7 • I proceeded quietly, careful not to alarm a bird that might loudly warn other creatures to hide. (5) More examples an adjective phrase: functioning as subject complement, which denotes the state the subject is in • moved I moved quietly and carefully so that I would not alarm any bird which might loudly warn other animals in the woods to hide. go to 8 To be continued on the next page.

  50. Lesson 4 - Wisdom of Bear Wood • Sentence Paraphrase • "They're not?" I asked, fascinated. • At a quarter to three, he got up and crept downstairs, careful of the creaky boards, and let himself out. • The cows looked at him, sleepy and surprised. back to 7