Les nombres Write in the numeral for the following numbers: • Vingt- 20 Trois- • Dix-huit- sept- • Onze- quatre- • Cinq- douze- • Seize- un- • Vingt-neuf- six- • Deux- dix- • Trente- quatorze-
Vocab Practice Unscramble the fragments to form sentences that make sense. 1. elle / comment / s’appelle 2. je/ bonsoir / m’appelle / Luc 3. pas/ toi/ mal / et 4.comment /-vous / allez 5. très / merci / bien / et/ vous
Introducing and Responding Mathieu is a new French student at your school. You meet him and 2 of his friends. Respond to him in sentences. • Bonjour. Comment tut’appelles? • Comment Çava? • Tu as quelâge? • Je teprésente Martin. • Et Ça, c’est Caroline. C’estuneamie. • Salut. A plus tard!
Culture • In France, girls kiss both boys and girls on the cheeks when they meet or say goodbye, or if they are introduced to someone. The number of kisses varies from 2 to 4, depending on the region. Boys shake hands with one another. Teenagers may kiss adults who are family members or family friends, but shake hands when they meet other adults. How does this compare with the way you greet people in the US?
Info Culture In France, people tend to stand closer to each other while greeting than most Americans do. For informal greetings with friends and relatives, use Salut or Bonjour. For formal greetings with people you don’t know very well, use Bonjour monsieur/ madame/ mademoiselle. People meeting for the first time never use first names with each other, for instance in a bank, hospital, restaurant, or car dealership. Is it more common among Americans to greet each other using first names?
Tu vs. Vous • You know that both tu and vous mean the same thing, you, but thatvousis more formal, or for more than one person. For the pictures below, would you call the people tu or vous? a. b B. c. D.
Subjects and Verbs * video clip • In English, sentences have a subject and a verb. The subject is the person or thing doing the action, or that is being described. The verb is the action word, like jump or sing, or a linking word* like are or is, that links the subject to a description. • Ex. Denisesings well. Simonis blond. * aka, state of being verb
Subjects and Verbs cont. • French sentences also have a subject and verb. Ex. Denisechantebien. Simonest blond. • Both French and English use nouns as subjects. Nouns can be replaced by pronouns. Some of the French pronouns you’ve already seen are je, tu, il, elle, andvous. Ex. Deniseis a friend. Sheis fifteen years old. Ex. Deniseestuneamie. Elleaquinze ans.
Practice Identify the subject and verb in each sentence of the following conversation. 1. What is her name? 2. Comment elles’appelle? Her name is Lucie. Elle s’appelle Lucie How old is Lucie? Lucie a quelâge? She is 15 years old. Elle a 15 ans.
Practice cont. List the subject and verb in each of the following sentences. Then, translate the sentence to English. Next, reply to the sentence in French. 1. Comment tut’appelles? 2. Comment allez-vous? 3. Tu as quelâge? 4. J’ai seize ans. 5. Je teprésentemonami Georges. 6. Je m’appelleStéphanie.
Matching Practice. • Create complete sentences by matching each phrase in the 1st column with its logical ending in the second column. 1. Comment il a. va? 2. Tu b. a quinze ans. 3. Comment allez- c. s’appelle? 4. Je te d. vous? 5. Ça e. as quelâge? 6. Il f. présente Nina.
Subject Pronouns * video clip • These are the subject pronouns in French Je (j’) I nous we Tu you vous you (plural or formal) Il, elle, on ils, ellesthey he, she,one (ils= all male or mixed, (People in general) elles= all girls)
Notice that… • Je changes to j’ before a verb beginning with a vowel sound. Ex. J’aiquinze ans. I am 15 years old. • The subject pronouns tuand vous both mean you. Either of them can be used to address one person depending on your relationship with him/her. Vous is used to address more than one person. Tu= friend, family member, someone your age Vous= more than one person, an adult not a family member or close friend
And… • The pronoun on has no direct equivalent in English. It can mean we, they as in people in general, or one. The meaning of on will depend on the context. Ex. En France, onparlefrancais. In France, they (people in general) speak French.
Pronoun Practice Chloé and Stéphane meet a new exchange student. Complete their conversation with the correct subject pronouns • Salut. 1.m’appelleChloé Dubois. 2. teprésenteStéphane. C’est un ami. 3. t’appelles comment? • Salut. 4. m’appelle Hélène Fournier. 5. aiquinze ans. 6. as quelâge? Et Stéphane? • Moi, 7. ai seize ans. Et Stéphane, 8. a quinze ans.
Use a word from each column to create as many sentences and questions as you can. Je/ Jaiseize ans Il t’appellesChristophe Elleaquinzeans Tum’appellequelâge s’appelle Monique asMadame Dumont