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Use Cases, Requirements and a Prototype Standard for an ITS/Simulation Interoperability Standard (I/SIS) PowerPoint Presentation
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Use Cases, Requirements and a Prototype Standard for an ITS/Simulation Interoperability Standard (I/SIS)

Use Cases, Requirements and a Prototype Standard for an ITS/Simulation Interoperability Standard (I/SIS)

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Use Cases, Requirements and a Prototype Standard for an ITS/Simulation Interoperability Standard (I/SIS)

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  1. Use Cases, Requirements and a Prototype Standard for an ITS/Simulation Interoperability Standard (I/SIS) 2005 Spring SIW Dick Stottler Brian Spaulding stottler@stottlerhenke.combspaulding@mak.com Stottler Henke Associates, Inc. MÄK Technologies, Inc. Robert Richards, PhD. richards@stottlerhenke.com Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.

  2. Overview • Problem Description • Use Cases • Military ITS Examples: • BC2010 ITS • Helicopter Intelligent Flight Trainer (IFT) • General Requirements of I/SIS • Preliminary Suggested Prototype Standard Overview • Preliminary Prototype I/SIS Description • I/SIS Application Examples

  3. Problem DescriptionITSs integrated with Tactical Simulations • ITS: Automated Tutor (evaluation, tailored instruction) • Looks over student’s shoulder during simulated scenarios • ITSs and Simulations are from Different Developers • ITS needs access to ALL student actions • Not just those observable outside his simulated platform • E.G. Plans, orders, comms, internal software use • ITS may need to start simulation with a scenario • ITS may need to control some parts of the scenario • ITS may need mechanism for feedback in simulation • Simulation may need mechanism to start ITS • Simulation may need to select evaluations

  4. Use Cases • Tactical Decision-Making training (TDM) • Equipment Operations and Maintenance training (EOM) • ITS-Centered training systems (IC) • Simulation-Centered training systems (SC)

  5. Battle Command ITS Case StudyDescription • Army Tactical trainer • Enables commanders and staff officers to practice planning and execution skills • Plan, fight and review battle • HLA-compliant • Single- or multi-player • MILSTD-2525B tactical graphics

  6. Battle Command ITS Case StudySimulation-Centered TDM Training System • From simulation-driven perspective • ITS is an accessory to support/enhance sim. training • Interactive real-time feedback and evaluation engine available at completion or at pre-defined stages • Should be transparent • Seamlessly embedded and consistent with GUI • Planning/Execution/AAR evaluation, feedback, hinting

  7. Helicopter ITS Case StudyITC-Centered EOM Training System • Teaches beginner helicopter pilots during flight exercises • Instruction includes real-time coaching and AAR • Coaching is multi-level • Initially observations of problems (audio) • Direct attention by “flashing” instruments • If student fails to correct, coaching becomes more directive • Beginners get more & more detailed coaching than advanced • ITS plans instruction, assigns exercises • Based on mastery and personality attributes • ITS interfaced to/monitors actions in MS Flight Simulator • ITS in control and is main application to the student

  8. General Requirements of I/SIS • Easy for simulation developers • Level 1: Very easy for sim. developers, support most capabilities • Level 2: Supports almost all ITS capabilities • Optional levels: LSUI, LCSE, LIDR • ITS access to student actions (external/internal) • Presenting real-time coaching and AAR • ITS/Simulation coordinated scenario start • Scenario control • Scenario files • ITS interactivity, e.g. Socratic dialog • Logon/Consistent User IDs between ITS and simulation

  9. Preliminary Prototype I/SIS Architecture

  10. Preliminary Prototype I/SIS Overview HLA/DIS Based • Move info. via HLA/DIS (considering TCP/IP sockets) • Info. Represented in XML or a specific XML standard • Service Request/Response • Platform and Aggregate details and interactions available in DIS and standard FOMs (RPR, NTMF, etc.) • Standardized definitions for planning objects (tactical graphics or other planning documents) • NTMF, C4I Reference FOM • Orders - XML Battle Management Language (XBML) • XML formatted text, audio, displayed units/values • XML formatted control actions and instrument values • HLA/DIS Simulation Management capabilities

  11. All Use Cases: • Level 1 • Service Requests (SR) via Action Request messages • Feedback SR • Developer Created Documentation of Interface • Level 2 • Interactive Feedback SR • Controlling component sends and other accepts Start/Resume & Stop/Freeze SIMAN messages • UUID Student IDs • Logon SR from controlling component • Log Annotation SR

  12. Tactical Decision Making (TDM) ITSs • Level 1 • DIS or HLA RPR FOM • ITS access to additional scenario-related ITS information • Level 2 • XML Data in Experimental PDUs or HLA Simulation Data Interaction in I/SIS FOM • Orders in XBML, Audio in files/XML, other communications/actions/context in XML • MSDL & XML Scenario Files

  13. Equipment Operations/Maintenance (EOM) • Level 1 • XML Data in Experimental PDUs or HLA Simulation Data Interaction in I/SIS FOM • XML formatted lists of control actions and instrument values • Level 2 • XML Scenario Files • ITS access to additional scenario-related ITS information

  14. ITS Centered (IC) • Level 1 • Command Line Simulation Start (scenario file) • Level 2 • ITS sends and Sim accepts Reset, Load Scenario, & Start AAR SRs • Entity control via HLA Ownership Switch or DIS Set Data

  15. Simulation Centered (SC) • Level 1 • Command Line ITS Start (scenario file) • Level 2 • Simulation sends and ITS accepts Evaluation, Coaching, and Debriefing SRs, • Simulation Sends and ITS accepts Assign Team Member SR

  16. Optional Levels • LIDR – ITS Driven Replay • Set Time SR • Set Perspective SR • Play SR • Freeze SR • LCSE – Coordinated Scenario Entry • Command Line Start of Sim & ITS Scenario Editors • Sim notifies ITS of scenario changes • Level 2 implemented • LSUI implemented • LCSE Feedback SR • LCSE Interactive Feedback SR • LSUI – Simulation User Interface partial control from ITS • LSUI Feedback SR • LSUI Interactive Feedback SR • Additional Items • XML Data and SRs as required

  17. I/SIS Application Examples • BC2010 ITS – All Use Cases, TDM, SC • Level 1: HLA RPR FOM, Feedback SRs, ITS command • Level 2: • Plan (premission orders) and Orders output in XBML via HLA • ITS accepts Start/Resume and Stop/Freeze SIMAN messages • Log annotations for use with replay • ITS turns on/off specific evals, coaching, and debriefing • PVD displayed units list exported via HL in XML format • Interactive feedback SRs, Optional LSUI • BC2010 scenarios in MSDL (an XML) format • ITS scenario info in XML format

  18. I/SIS Application Examples • Helicopter IFT – All Use Cases, EOM, IC • Level 1: • XML format list of instrument values and control actions & documents • Command line simulation start • Feedback SRs • LSUI: Audio feedback and instrument flashing • Level 2: • Sim accepts Start/Resume and Stop/Freeze SIMAN messages • ITS control of simulated helicopter • XML format scenario files