INSTRUCTORE: PROF Özlemolgacturker PRESENTATED BY: MOHAMMAD KAMALZADEH 115706 Use of building materials
”the most interesting architectural possibility is living in contact with materials” (Brown, 2004).
Building are made of different kind of materials. It is very important to know these building materials. The knowledge of different building materials, their properties and uses help in achieving economy andefficient use of materials. The cost of materials in the construction of a building ranges from 60 to 70 percent of the total cost.
Todaywe recycle for a variety of reasons. Recycling helps saves energy, creates jobs, and helps build a strongeconomy. And it reduces problems associated with litter and trash.
Of Recycling Recycling is not a new concept. People have been doing it for thousands of years. And not just people: Nature has been recycling plants, trees, insects, and creatures for as long as there has been nature. So, recycling is as old and as natural as the earth itself. As early as 400 BC (and even earlier)
For example In hard times (e g. wartime), metals from everything like jewelry and coins were being melted for weapons or other necessary goods. Pottery recycling operations have been uncovered as well. Archaeologist also deduced from waste remnants about the history of recycling that recycling was a popular practice during times of distress. As for the history of recycling prior to the industrial revolution, recycling and general household re-using was actually a commonplace practice. And when materials did become worn beyond further use, recyclable ones (e g. glass, aluminum) were recycled into new items.
Why Recycle? Recycling is playing a significant and increasing role in our society. For example When we recycle, used materials are converted into new products, reducing the need to consume natural resources. Recycling helps conserve important raw materials and protects natural habitats for the future. .Recycling saves energy .Recycling helps protect the environment .Recycling reduces landfill
materials that can be recycled include: • Appliances and fixtures • Brush and Trees • Cardboard and Paper • Lumber and Plywood (in reusable form) • Masonry (in reusable form or as fill) • Metals • Plastics – numbered containers, bags and sheeting • Roofing (in reusable form) • Windows and Doors
Bamboo Courtyard Teahouse / Harmony World Consulting & Design http://www.dezeen.com/2012/09/08/bamboo-courtyard-teahouse-by-hwcd-associates/
Architects: Harmony World Consulting & DesignLocation: ShiQiao, Yangzhou, ChinaArchitect In Charge: Sun WeiDesign Team: Shi Jun, Peter Dykes, Zhang QianQianArea: 400 sqmYear: 2012 Located in the Shi Qiaogarden in Yangzhou, a city to the northwest of Shanghai, there is a floating Bamboo Courtyard Teahouse designed by Chinese architect Sun Wei, partner ofHWCD. http://www.dezeen.com
The Bamboo Courtyard is embracing the traditional Chinese garden fundamentals while blending into the natural environment. The bamboo is arranged vertically and horizontally to produce “depth” and visual effects as you walk around. Tall rows of bamboo sticks create corridors along the outdoor walkway and are organized in asymmetric fashion on the lake. http://www.dezeen.com
The natural materials such as bamboo and bricks provide sustainable sensibilities.
China has a 5,000-year history including the earliest history of bamboo use in the world. In ancient China, bamboo was used for making arrows, books, palace buildings, paper and many other items. Bamboo is technically a grass, not a wood product found in both tropical and sub-tropical climates throughout the world, grown in Asia, Africa the Caribbean and Latin America.
Bamboo is one of the most widely used building materials in the world, but mainly by poor people . therefor, it is nickname is the ‘poor man’s timber’ and as soon as people have enough money they will build a house of stone or concrete. Bamboo has regrowth potential many times that of hardwood, putting out several full length, full diameter, naturally pre-finished, ready-to-use culms ("stems") each year. A single Bamboo clump can produce up to 15 kilometers of usable pole (up to 30 cm in diameter) in its lifetime . Within a few months of growth, a Bamboo tree can attain its full height (10 - 20m tall and 10 - 15cm in diameter) and five years later establishes full hardness . A twenty meter tree cut for market takes approximately 60 years to replace. A twenty meter Bamboo cut for market takes five years to replace.
Containers of Hope by Benjamin Garcia Saxe http://www.dezeen.com
Garcia Lachner Architects: Benjamin Garcia Saxe ArchitectureLocation: San Jose, Costa Rica Project area: 100 sqmProject year: 2011Photographs: Andres Garcia Lachner Costa Rican architect Benjamin Garcia Saxe‘s latest project, Containers of Hope, is a new iteration of the shipping container house. http://www.dezeen.com
Using two discarded shipping containers, he’s created an affordable and attractive modern home. Located in San Jose, Costa Rica the home is constructed by staggering the containers side-by-side and adding a recycled metal roof. http://www.dezeen.com
The final cost of the house (40,000USD) is lower than the cost of social housing provided for the poor in Costa Rica. http://www.dezeen.com
project info: Architects: Archi Union Architects IncLocation: Shanghai, ChinaProject Area: 1,000 sqmProject Year: 2009-2010Photographs: Sheng Zhonghai http://www.archdaily.com Located in Shanghai, China, the ‘Can Cube’ is an innovative sustainable mixed-use residential and office building designed by Chinese architectural practice Archi Union that integrating several ecological and renewable systems to make it a highly energy efficient and sustainabledesign structure.
Exterior building Can Cube unique facade system. The Can Cube features a unique façade system, which is made of aluminum carbonated drink cans enclosed in an aluminum frame. The building façade saves the energy wasted during recycling processes by reusing the cans in their current form, without the need for recycling or further processes. can wall detailEnclosing them in an aluminum frame keeps the structure light and easily adjustable by its occupants. http://www.archdaily.com
Ecological Children Activity and Education Center 24H architecture http://www.archdaily.com
project info: client: six senses resorts and spasreferenceclient: sonushivdasaniarchitect: 24h-architecturedesign: boriszeisser, maartjelammers with: olav bruin, annelaurenolenprogram: auditorium/cinema, library, art room, music room, fashion room, chill balcony and slide.site address: sonevakiri resort, 110 moo 4, kohkood sub-district, kohkood district, trat 23000, thailanddesign: 2007construction: 2008-2009completion: 2009floor area: 165 sqmbamboo consultant: jörgstamm, colombialocal architect: habita architects, thailandstructural engineerbuilding: planning & design, thailandstructuralengineer for wind-tunnel tests: ovearupthailand site plan
INSPIRED BY NATURE concept sketch model http://www.archdaily.com
The structure and roof are made from local Thai bamboo, thus contributing further to the ecological approach of the resort. The interior is made from local plantation River Red Gum wood and rattan structural elements for the inner domes. Roof plan primary construction material http://www.archdaily.com view from uphill, the roof transitions into the rocky mountainside
construction of the canopy: placing the tiles roof tiles http://www.archdaily.com
elevation elevation two bamboo columns anchor the structure bamboo structural diagram section http://www.archdaily.com
roof and internal structure construction details http://www.archdaily.com
bamboo connection detail pinned together with nut, bolt and washer http://www.archdaily.com
concrete footing and column detail http://www.archdaily.com
interior structure construction interior is an open plan under an umbrella-like canopy http://www.archdaily.com
ventilation diagram http://www.archdaily.com
Eastern Sierra House http://www.archdaily.com
Eastern Sierra House Project Owner: Suzanne Johnson Location: 239 Five Creek Road Gardnerville Nevada 89423 United States Submitting Architect: Arkin Tilt Architects Project Completion Date: December, 2004 Project Site: Previously Undeveloped Land Project Type: Residential – Single-Family attached Project Site Context/Setting: Rural Building or Project Gross Floor Area: 3,450 square feet http://www.archdaily.com
Materials & Construction A wide variety of resource-efficient building systems are featured, along with significant quantities of salvaged resources and nontoxic materials. The earth-bermed and retaining walls are insulated concrete forms (ICFs), requiring 50% less concrete than conventional, poured walls. All concrete has replaced a minimum of 25% of the Portland cement with flyash, and the interior slabs are finished with ferrous sulfate and a water-based sealer. The main level has straw bale walls, finished inside and out with sprayed earth (utilizing site soils). Wood-frame exterior walls constructed with wood certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) are sheathed with slats of stained fiber-cement-board panels, which weather well in this high-UV environment. The roofs are of ten-inch structural insulated panels (SIPs), with an insulation value of R-45. Salvaged fir 4x10 splines extend and are visible beyond the walls, supporting the generous four-foot overhangs that further protect the walls from the sun. http://www.archdaily.com
The panels of the trombe wall are made of salvaged glass, overlapped in rows like shingles. http://www.archdaily.com
Energy Flows & Energy Future http://www.archdaily.com
Studio 804's Modular3 Design http://inhabitat.com/prefab-friday-studio-804-modular3/
Modular3: Studio 804 Dec 11, 2006 on Kansas City in United States| by Levent Ozler2 Studio 804's 2006 Modular 3 house recently won Architecture Magazine's fifth annual Home of the Year Award. The unique aspect of Modular 3 is that it used pre-fabrication techniques, in which it was constructed in a warehouse and later shipped and installed on site. http://inhabitat.com/prefab-friday-studio-804-modular3/
Drawing on the experience of previous projects, Studio 804 was able to design and construct a home employing off-site, modular construction techniques as well as environmentally friendly materials, in a mere 20 weeks. Woodis the natural material of choice for building the prefabricated units, as it is economical, easyto assemble, and flexible in maintaining structural to learners. http://inhabitat.com/prefab-friday-studio-804-modular3/
The wood was then reused for the construction of the FEMA approved tornado shelter, which was installed in the absence of a basement. www.archinnovations.com
Studio 804's Modular3 Design Studio 804′s Modular3 Design | Inhabit at – Sustainable Design Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building www.archinnovations.com
Sustainability in housing can encompass the idea of designing residences to allow people to age in place. This would conserve building-related resources and improve quality of life. • Successful designers develop a deep understanding of the resources they use whether it is based on a narrow or a wide range of materials. • Suitability and availability have a major impact in the process of selections materials.