Animal Farm (So Far)
You Need to Know: • Author: George Orwell • Genre: Fantasy/ Science Fiction • Allegorical account of the rise of communism in Russia
Russian Communist History • Marx and Engells wrote "The Communist Manifesto" • Lenin was the first Soviet Premier • Trotsky and Stalin fought over who'd succeed Lenin • Stalin was a mass murderer • A loose definition of communism –Share and share alike
Vocabulary • parasitical (46)- adj.-like a parasite; living off of or taking advantage of someone. • obstinate (47)- adj.-strong-minded; unbending; stubborn • indefatigable (49)- adj.-tireless; persistent; unrelenting • maxim (50)- n.-saying; motto; credo • flourished (55)- vb.-thrived; grew
fortnight (55)- n.-14 days (2 weeks) scored (58)- vb.-scratched; cut into ignominious (58)- adj.-disgraceful; shameful impromptu (59)- adj.-done without preparation; spontaneous posthumously (60)- adv.-after death
Character Personalities • Mr. Jones: Russian royalty • Boxer: Stupid, but hard-working and strong • Old Major: The leader • The pigs: Smart • Clover: Motherly and caring • Benjamin: Cynical • Mollie: Arrogant and ditzy
More Animals to Know Moses: Russian Orthodox Church Snowball: Innovative but sneaky Napoleon: Stout of character but has trouble talking Squealer: Could change black to white with his words
The Plot (So Far) • Mr. Jones owns the farm, but doesn't treat his animals well and is a drunk. • Old Major has a dream. • All attend but the tame raven. • In his dream, man is the common enemy. • Any animal on four legs is good and all those on two are bad. • Animals should share and share alike and do nothing like men. At all.
Ch. 3-- Vocabulary • Superior—Better. • Moreover—Also. • Conceived—Born of. • Acute—Distinct. • Chaff—Lowest form of. • Admiration—Look up to; idolize. • Capacity—Ability. • Shirked—Lack of work. • Affectionately—With love. • Obstinate—Stubborn. • Cryptic—Unable to be deciphered. • Indefatigable—Without fail or tiredness.
New Characters • Mr. Pilkington– Represents England during and just after World War I. • Always fought Germany • Superpower • Mr. Frederick– Symbolizes Germany • Superpower who is small, but has a strong history of fighting
What Happened in Chapter 3? • The animals worked hard to get in the harvest and were very successful. Boxer, though still dumb, worked extremely hard. Napoleon and Snowball came up with resolutions and argued with each other all the time. Snowball came up with the motto, “Four legs good, two legs bad,” and Napoleon stole the dogs’ puppies. All the pigs kept the milk and apples for themselves.
What Happened in Chapter 4? • The Battle of Cowshed • Boxer and Snowball were awarded the medals, “Animal Hero, First Class” for excessive bravery. The animals were smarter and better prepared for the battle and therefore won. Only one sheep died.
New Characters • Napoleon’s dogs– Represent the KGB, the Soviet Secret Police.
What Happened in Chapter 5? • Snowball wanted to modernize the farm, but Napoleon did not agree. The windmill was an especially bad argument. The animals were split in their support between Napoleon and Snowball, so they decided to have elections. Snowball was close to winning, when Napoleon’s dogs attacked him.
Continuing on Chapter 5 • Napoleon kicked Snowball out, called him a traitor, and then told the animals the windmill would be built after all.
Vocabulary– Ch. 6-8 Laborious– With great effort. Thoroughness– Completely completed. Unassisted– Without help. Intermediary– Person between enemies. Snuffed– Smelled. Stupefied– Struck dumb. Execution– Death by state. Contemplated– Thought about. Primitive– Simple. Refuge– Safe place.
New Characters • Mr. Whymper– Napoleon’s intermediary with humans.
What Happened in Chapter 6? • The animals work hard on the windmill, Boxer harder than all the rest. • They have to roll the stones downhill to break them apart and it is hard work. • The pigs cut the animals’ rations and they must now work on Sunday afternoon. • Mr. Whymper is brought on as intermediary to the humans and the pigs begin sleeping in the beds in the farmhouse. • A terrible windstorm destroys the half-finished windmill and Napoleon blames Snowball.
What Happened in Chapter 7? • The animals begin working on the windmill again and Boxer again leads the way. • The hens rebel against Napoleon’s orders to give up their eggs and Napoleon starves them until they give up. Nine hens die as a result. • Snowball becomes a scapegoat for everything that goes wrong on the farm. • Squealer tells the animals that Snowball has been in league with Mr. Jones since before the Battle of Cowshed, but they struggle to believe it.
More Chapter 7: The Executions • Napoleon forces certain animals to confess to their participation in a conspiracy with Snowball and then has the dogs tear out their throats. The dogs, apparently without orders, even attack Boxer, but he defends himself well. Four pigs and numerous other animals die, including the hens who rebelled at the proposal to sell their eggs. • The animals go to the windmill and sing Beasts of England, but Squealer then tells them that song is now outlawed.
Changes in the 7 Commandments • Commandment Four: No animal shall sleep in a bed– with sheets. • Commandment Six: No animal shall kill another animal– without reason. • Shows how those in power change the rules to fit their own wants and not the needs of the many.