Investing in Climate Action, investing in LIFEIntroduction to the new LIFE Programme Charlotte Slater, ICF GHK 12/06/2014 Greek workshop
Agenda • Introduction to the new LIFE programme • Why LIFE and then and now • Overall objectives • Programme structure and budget • Multiannual work programme and what is new: • Financial instruments (more information in afternoon presentation) • Capacity building projects • An overview of integrated projects and TA projects (to be launched in 2015 for climate sub-programme). • Geographical applicability and third country participation • Target beneficiaries and main features and benefits • Opportunity for Q&A
Why LIFE? • It is the only EU financial instrument fully dedicated to the environment • LIFE is a catalyst: it provides a platform for the development and exchange of best practices and knowledge thereby improving, catalysing and accelerating changes • LIFE is the ideal instrument to show to regional and national authorities the benefits of investing in the environment sector and incentivising them to developstrategic frameworks for spending. • LIFE has been successfully tested since 1992: positive feed-back and final evaluation.
LIFE then and now • LIFE 1992-2013: more than 3100 projects in the fields of • nature & biodiversity • other environmental sectors & governance • information • LIFE 2014 to 2020, two sub-programmes for: • environment • climate action
Objectives of the LIFE programme 2014-2017 • Article 3 of Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 (hereinafter ‘LIFE Regulation’), the LIFE Programme has the following general objectives: • to contribute to the shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon and climate-resilient economy, to the protection and improvement of the quality of the environment and to halting and reversing biodiversity loss, including the support of the Natura 2000 network and tackling the degradation of ecosystems; • to improve the development, implementation and enforcement of Union environmental and climate policy and legislation, and to act as a catalyst for, and promote, the integration and mainstreaming of environmental and climate objectives into other Union policies and public and private sector practice, including by increasing the public and private sector’s capacity; • to support better environmental and climate governance at all levels, including better involvement of civil society, NGOs and local actors; and • to support the implementation of the 7th Environment Action Programme.
LIFE 2014 Budget • Total budget of € 404.6 million • For projects funded by action grants and financial instruments: €324.6 million (81% of total) • Climate action sub-programme €79.2 million for projects and financial instruments, of which €44 million for projects • Environment sub-programme €245.4 million for projects • Nature & Biodiversity including related governance and information € 132.8 million (55% of sub-programme ENV minus financial instruments) • IP Budget: €61.5 million(Environment sub-programme) • Operating grants to environmental and climate Non-profit organisations, which include NGOs€9 million
Multiannual work programme • Prepared in collaboration with and approved by the Member States (LIFE Committee positive opinion on 17/02/2014) • Adopted:19/03/2014 and English version published on the LIFE website: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/about/documents/mawp2014.pdf • Publication in the Official Journal of the European Union: 16/04/2014 in all official Union languages except Irish • Frameworksforfouryears (2014-2017) and 3 years (2018-2020)forimplementingthe LIFE Regulation: • budget, • projecttopicsfor "traditional" projectsunderthe sub-programmeenvironment, • selectionmethodology and criteria, • indicators, • timetableforcalls
Multiannual work programme and what is new:LIFE 2014-20 places stronger emphasis on… • positive complementarity between LIFE priorities and strands and other (in)direct Union funding programmes; • multi-purpose design to deliver in several sectors; • replication/transfer preparation as part of the project, reporting in English; • outcome indicators on project level linked to performance indicators of the programme • long-term sustainability of outcomes and • green procurement in all projects
Multiannual work programme and what is new:New tools from 2014-2020 include… • Financial instruments: • Private Finance for Energy Efficiency (PF44EE – climate action) • Natural Capital Financing Facility (NCFF – biodiversity and climate action), More Information to be provided in the afternoon session • New project types: • Capacity building, preparatory projects, integrated projects (2015 for cliamte sub-programme), technical assistance projects (2015 for cliamte sub-programme). • Co-Funding rates: • Until 2017: max. 60% of eligible costs for all except capacity building (100% of eligible costs)
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Financial instruments… • Objectives of the Natural Capital Finance Facility • To encourage investments in revenue-generating or cost-saving projects promoting the conservation of natural capital to meet biodiversity/adaptation objectives and support green growth; • To demonstrate to private investors the attractiveness of natural capital projects; build project pipeline • Objectives of the Private Financing for Energy Efficiency (PF4EE) • To make energy efficiency (EE) lending a more sustainable activity across Europe by incentivising banks in MS to address the sector as a distinct market segment. • To increase the availability of debt financing to projets supporting the EE priorities of MS as set out in National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAP) • More information provided in the afternoon session
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Project types – Capacity building projects… • To improve MS capacity: • to submit successful applications for funding for projects and to increase the relative share of successful applications originating from Member States and • promote integration, complementarity, synergies and replicability of the LIFE programme into policies, economic activities and other programmes • For Member State (represented by an entity responsible at national level for the implementation of LIFE) for which: • The GDP per capita in 2012 was not above 105 % of the Union average, and either: • the average absorption level of the indicative national allocation for the years 2010, 2011 and 2012, as established under Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 614/2007, is below 70 % or • the GDP per capita in 2012 was below 90 % of the Union average, or • accession to the Union was after 1 January 2013 • Greece will be eligible for the capacity building grant.
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Project types – Preparatory projects • Topics: • 1) Establishing an EU NGO platform on Best Available Techniques • 2) Completing EU28/Pan-European Species Red Lists for species groups relevant the EU Habitats Directive (Directive 92/43/EEC) • 3) Development and update of species action plans for bird species listed in Annex I and Annex II of the EU Birds Directive (Directive 2009/147/EC) • Paper application
Multiannual work programme and what is new: An introduction to integrated projects • For whom? Mainly public administrations or other entities active in the field of environment and climate protection, capable of coordinating, besides the IP, complementary actions co-funded by additional private, public (preferably EU) funds. • For what? Implementing Union environmental and climate plans or strategies (LIFE MAWP for 2014-2017); big scale; complementary actions with additional co-funding; significant involvement of stakeholders • Average size? 2 - 10 beneficiaries; EU contribution: €10 to €15 million (ENV) and €4-10 million (CLIMA); about 3 IPs per Member State, at least one Climate and one Environment • Co-funding rate? 60%
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Project types – Technical assistance projects (2015 for climate sub-programme) … • Forwhom? • Forthosewhowouldlike to submitan IP, butneedassistancein finalisingtheapplication • Forwhat? • Support in draftingthe IP application; should be appliedfor a yearbeforetheintendedIP • Averagesize? • Maximum 1% of theallocationforIP's => maximum €100,000 • Co-fundingrate? • 60%
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Geographical applicability and third country participation • Principle: ApplicablewheretheTreatyontheEuropeanUnionapplies • Participation of certainThirdCountriesispossibleonthebasis and in line withtheconditions of a cooperationagreement • Cooperationwithinternationalorganisationsispossible, whennecessary to reach general LIFE objectives • Oversees countries and territories are also eligible on the same bases as third country participation
Multiannual work programme and what is new:Geographical applicability and third country participation - Article 6 of the LIFE Regulation • Activities outside the Union or in overseas countries & territories: • Without prejudice to Article 5, the LIFE Programme may finance activities outside the Union and in overseas countries and territories (OCTs) in accordance with Decision 2001/822/EC (the Overseas Association Decision), provided those activities are necessary to achieve Union environmental and climate objectives and to ensure the effectiveness of interventions carried out in Member State territories to which the Treaties apply. • A legal person established outside the Union may be able to participate in the projects referred to in Article 18, provided the beneficiary coordinating the project is based in the Union and the activity to be carried out outside the Union meets the requirements set out in paragraph 1 of this Article.
Multiannual work programme and what is new:LIFE ENV + CLIMA: General features • The programme addressed similar stakeholders as previous programme e.g.: • public authorities (national, regional and local) • NGOs • research institutes • private enterprises (mainly SMEs) • sector-based organisations involved in climate change. • Emphasisonreplicability / transferabilityand long-termsustainabilityof theprojectresults • Notfocusedonresearch( H2020) • Notlargeinfrastructureprojects, and notfocusedon rural or regional development (agricultural, structuralfunds) • Support & monitoringfromContractingAuthority (EASME orCommission) and externalmonitoringteam